Legionary

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Composition

Manpower

Most legions consisted of at least five thousand men with three hundred camp followers to help some carry of their supplies and do their other duties. Supplies chains would be highly organized and would be at least five hundred men to make it easier to travel do to advanced and improved wagons to carry much of the supplies needed to support the legion.

Equipment

Most leagionares carry their survival equipment along with them and several other necessities so cooks, surgeons, apothecaries and engineers were not required in great numbers. Most of this would be carried on a long sack to lighten the loaded they were carrying. Equipment for their weapon were also needed make sure that were in peak condition in battle. Most legionnaires were equipped with a barbute, banded armor, a wool tunic, leather arm guards, a cingulum wrapped around a cloth wrap for warmth and protection. A pair of pants are also given for winter use, but most wore them anyway for comfort. Leather boots attached with armored plating that were equipped with small metal spikes attached at the bottom for movability and friction. The boots are also designed to allow ventilation across the feet so moisture it not trapped inside and not cause trench foot. Socks are also given for winter use. A standard bear is also carries standard to represent their division at all times.

Weaponry

The most common weapon used is the gladius, a balanced short sword the excel in slashing and thrusting. Their most trusted piece of weaponry was the scutum sheild, a rectangular shield made of leather and wood with a shield boss in the middle that are excellent at protecting the soldier from attack. Lastly the throwing javilen on them at all time. Legionaries up to two each to two only due to their size and were thrown at an emeny before clashing with one another. In order for the javelin not to be thrown back at them the metal would bend and be stuck in what ever it hit. Legionnaires would also carry a dagger if they lost their weapon in battle or to cut something. Some are even trained to use crossbow for picking off enemies while in formation.

Vehicles

Horses are used by officers and cavalry, during a march and battle, along with delivering messages at great distances. The number of horses varied from legion to legion. Wagons would also be used if any siege weapons and equipment was began used in the field. Most wagons numbered around a hundred and twenty and pulled by oxen due to their strength.

Structure

Legionnaires would formed into a squad of eight lead by sergeant and all of them would share a tent together. A centurion would be in charge of eighty men know century along with a watch commander and his second in command under him. A standard bearer would also be with each century. A cohort would be formed with ten centuries adding up to four hundred and eighty men, ten of these would form a legion. They would each be commanded by a prefect who would keep the cohort in shape. A legion would be given a standard bearer to carry the imperial banner into battle. Each cohort would be number number one to ten and the first cohort would be be doubled in sizes for senior officers, these officers be veteran centurions with years of experience. The most experienced of the all was know as the senior guardsman. The camp prefect would be in charge of the daily running of the legion. If any calvary were assigned to the legion the next in rank would be seven men who would be nobles or knights with special privileges. A Tribune would be placed in the legion to make sure the commands of the emperor and the imperial senate are followed by the lower ranks. The Legate is the commander of the entire legion who is usually always a member of the imperial senate. Multiples legions would be under the control general the would over see campaigns. The imperial senate would be the next highest power that would be give commands to legion on which actions to take. The emperor or empress has power over most of the military but mostly in time of war. Emergency powers in time of crisis were given to him and the emperor can overrule commands of the senate if he believes they are not fit to lead the armies have control over the army and sometimes go into battle to rally them.

Tactics

Shield Wall: most common tactic of the Legion, thanks to their shields the legionaries can lock their shields and defend each other flanks without being exposed to attack.   Pilum Throw: Throwing their javelins before entering hand to hand combat is also common.
Pelum
  Testudo: The testudo was another tactic which involved shields being locked together in all direction for protection from enemy projectiles.
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  The single line defence: is similar to the sheild Wall, but in a single line to overlap enemy flanks or meet wider formation and protect the flanks.   The wedge formation: concentrated on forces into a wedge to break through enemy lines with ease.
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  Square Formation: Used for protection from calvary attacks
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  The Dera formation: involved channeling enemy forces through a weak center line and they would meet with a tactical reserve force and be surrounded on both sides.   Rear defense: If the enemy attempts to outflank your flanks reserve forces can intervene to stop them.
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  Reinforced charge formation: Attacking both flanks with reinforced wings at the same time.
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  Rolling up the line: concentred forces on the right right flank to break the enemy’s left flank and the pan attacking the their rear.
left
  Protected flank: involves a natural barrier such as a hill or lake on one flank while the rest of the forces are concentrated on the other flank.
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  The Spike Wall: this involves archers or crossbowmen to fire a enemy while they are attacking the shield wall. The enemies in the middle of their formation are often the most easiest of target since they are unable to move.

Training

Recruitment

When citizens join the army they are put through intense training to hone and improve their skills as soldiers in order to become the best of the best. To officially become apart of the army recruits must go through physical training to show that they a physically fit to fight and go on long marches for several hours. Those who passed were made cadets and those did had to try again in three months.  

Phase One

Different specialists were needed for each phase of training and that were experienced veterans of the legion that at excelled in one or two skills. Cadets were taught basic skills that all legionnaires required for survival. They are taught how to cook food from thing that never thought was eatable and forage off the land in the most unlikely of places. Learning skills of surgeons and engineers was also mandatory. Most cadets were left out in the wilderness to test their survival skills for a week with only knife! Swimming was also apart of trained in case they were part of a naval invasion and their ship sank, making it easier for them to survive in the water.
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Phase Two

Once that was completed they would begin weapons training. were told to swing wooden sword that was twice as heavy than the average sword at a wooden pole to improve their fighting skills, strength and endurance. Once they completed they would practice throwing their javelins at a narrow wooden pole to improve precision and accuracy. Cadets who were good at the this receive crossbow training as a reward for skill. Most weapons training would be done indoors and outdoors depending on the month and weather. Failure to improve these skills resulted in smaller rations and privileges confiscated. Unarmed combat such as Wrestling and other dirty fighting tactics were used if they found themselves unarmed in battle.  

Phase Three

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Formations and discipline would would be next with soldiers being put in their squads in order to work together along with their fellow cadets in tight military formations and long marches that required to march a certain number of miles in several hours in harsh condition such as rain, snow, mud, and heat wearing legionary armour and caring equipment. Marches at night are also common. They are order to do what ever their commanding officer told them to do. Anyone who failed in doing this were punished along with their squad.    

Phase Four

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  Construction and siege works were required for campaigns in order to have the advantage against the enemy and cadets were trained to build forts, bridges, ditches, ramparts, camps, trebuchets and other siege works. Artillery training was also required in battle. Any cadet that excelled in leadership could be given position as an officer and move into officer training after the rest of his training was completed.      

Phase Five

After physical training was over they would learn geography, astronomy and map reading in order to known the region of around them and were to complete objectives and find their way back if they were separated from the unit or the legion. The final task would be to participate in large scale military exercises and war games to show how much their training paid off. As soon as that was finished they were able to graduated and given a graduation medal to show their success as official legionaries. The legionary and his squad would then be transferred to the legion they were assigned to and fulfill their current assignment. The full training criteria lasts around three to four years.

Logistics

Logistical Support

Wagons are only thing used to keep the legion going since most legionaries carry their own equipment. The wagons themselves carry additional food and heavier equipment that can’t be carried by normal means.

Auxilia

Most legion are supported by auxilia forces, non citizens of the empire who join the military for citizenship. Wether is was infantry or Calvary, most were used as diversions or put on suicide mission while the legion got in position. Calvery is all so used to deal with enemy calvery and artillery is used for sieges and diminishing enemy for forces in battle.

Upkeep

A single legionary cost about a fifty imperial Crowns which adds up to fifty gold pieces. Most equipment is reused as it taken from dead soldiers and given to the next man in line, through it is all repaired when it is received. but new equipment cost 10 imperial crowns. Food, clothing, and camp equipment cost thirty imperial crowns. The monthly pay for a legionary is five imperial Crowns. The rest is for specialists like surgeons and quarter masters to keep the troops in shape.

Recruitment

The requirement to be legionary is to be a citizen of the empire. All of which are fit young men between the ages of sixteen and thirty, any age older that is consider a waste of time. They must pass the physical exam to be a cadet and proceed with training. Height was once a requirement but it is know considered obsolete.

History

The legionaries where official formed several decades before the rise of the Vatian Empire during when it was just a kingdom. They originally created to improve military prowess and tactics to better help face enimies in battle. This was because the phalanx was begin to become out of date due to improved weapons and tactics that it could not compete with. Rather than keep the enemy at a distance the Vatians decided to create weapons and armor that favored them in close quarters and tactics that gave them edge they need. The legions played a vital role in the empire’s entire history. With them beging in every conflict that the empire and often leding them to victory. The legionary is a symbol of what a true soldier is and what devotion and disipline looks like when you put your mind to it. They are just a part of one machine that is perfect sync that is difficult to break. They are admired and respected across the empire and feared and hated by its enemies. Many youths often join the legions believing that they gain glory and do their duty for the empire. ThThey are what military might truly is and will defend the empire to the death is need be.

Historical loyalties

The legionare’s loyalties lied with the Vatian Empire and at other times the commanding general.
Type
Infantry
Founding
1086 BCA
Overall training Level
Professional
Assumed Veterancy
Veteran
Used by
Ranks & Titles
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The shield and sword were the most important of any legionary, in proper and trained hand they could be a force to be reckoned with on the battlefield. Their training also helps them become one with it as if they became an extension of themselves when wielding them.
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The training was of the utmost importance, but conditions of weather could always affect them, which is why special buildings are used to continue training all year round.
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To ensure that they are not halted by logistical problems, legionaries each carry their standard equipment when on the march, from cooking to weapon protection the total amount of all of it would reach up to seventy to hundred pounds depending on what duties that they did in the legion. Making them highly strong and vulnerable while marching.


Cover image: Roman Hunter by DusanMarkovic

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