The tribal leader known as Narmer united the tribes under his leadership. He named himself Pharaoh and set up his capital in the city of Luxore. This was the beginning of the dynastic period of the Pharaohs and modern Khemit as it is today.
Scholars trace the origins of Khemit back many thousands of years ago when the island was inhabited by hunters and Khemit itself was a sprawling green grassland. Climatic changes turned the island into a desert, but the hunters survived by hunting and fishing and through a primitive form of cultivation they developed.
Geographically, most of Khemit is inhabitted only by sturdy tribesmen who have adapted to desert life and can somehow survive there. They carve out an existance in the desolate reaches of the kingdom and although technically living in the Kingdom of Pharoah, they are virtually a nation unto themselves. The desertification of Khemit was halted by rains that eventually allowed the hunters to settle in Middle and Lower Khemit and access the resources of the The Nylle River. These farmers grew flax and wheat and wove linen fabrics. All maintained large flocks on the delta. As the farmers maintained their existence, loose communities were formed that gradually became small tribal kingdoms. These kingdoms evolved into two loosely governed states, known as Middle Khemit, with Luxore as its capital, and Lower Khemit, with Buto as its capital. Upper Khemit was then, and still is, mostly uninhabited. The two kingdoms vied for power over the land of Khemit. Eventually, the struggle led to the victory of the south and the unification of the Two Kingdoms under the command of Narmer. This was the beginning of the dynastic period of the Pharaohs and modern Khemit as it is today.