VAIRUVAND Language in TAHARJIN'S FLAME | World Anvil
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LANGUAGE FAMILY: TYRILAN   # SPEAKERS / WORLD RANKING: 21.27M / #1   SPOKEN IN: Uvan Empire - 16M / Kahrilo - 2M / Beribon (North) - 800K / Beribon (South) - 600K / Rello - 500K / Liij - 350K / Jolim - 250K / Kalio - 200K / Sassam - 150K / Najamur - 100K / Oralt - 100K / T'Jau - 100K / Loy - 50K / Mai - 50K / Ansal - 20K   PERIOD OF USE:   SCRIPT USED:   PARENT LANGUAGE:  
  "...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind..."   Translation: ja bu bi staco daugind kailo ja tauce daum bi ewa gangsard hord   Pronunciation: ʤa bu bi staˈʧo dauˈɡind kaiˈlo ʤa tauˈʧe daum bi eˈwa ɡaŋˈsard hord    
  Vairuvand word order: and he hat his holding stood and the wind to his face wet turned  



Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b d f h j k l m n p r s t w ŋ ɡ ɲ ʤ ʧ/  
Stopp bt dk ɡ
Affricateʧ ʤ
Lateral approximantl
  Co-articulated phonemes  
  Vowel inventory: /a ai au e i o u/   Diphthongs: ai, au  
  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Second — stress is on the second syllable
Word initial consonants: b, d, fr, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, pl, pr, r, s, sh, st, t, tr, w, ɡ, ɡr, ɲ, ʤ, ʧ
Mid-word consonants: b, bʤ, d, f, h, hk, j, k, kh, kk, ks, kt, kɲ, l, lk, m, mb, ml, mp, n, nd, nk, ns, nt, ntr, nɲ, nʤ, nʧ, p, pk, pt, r, rb, rd, rh, rk, rl, rm, rn, rp, rs, rt, rɡ, rʤ, rʧ, s, sk, st, str, t, tk, w, ŋ, ŋh, ŋk, ŋl, ŋs, ŋɡ, ɡ, ɲ, ʤ, ʧ
Word final consonants: b, h, k, l, ll, m, n, nd, nt, p, r, rd, s, t, w, ŋ   Phonological changes (in order of application):  
  • a → aː / _{w,j}
  • b → ∅ / _s{t,k}
  Spelling rules:  


  Main word order: Subject (Prepositional phrase) Object Verb.
"Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary with a key the door opened.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: postpositions  


  Nouns have three cases:
  • Ergative is the doer of a verb, when the verb is done to something: dog bites man.
  • Absolutive is used in two scenarios: the doer of a verb when not done to something (dog bites), and the done-to of a verb (man bites dog).
  • Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man.
ErgativePrefix e- eairaugab /eˈairauˌɡab/ doɡ (doinɡ the verb to somethinɡ)
AbsolutiveNo affix airaugab /aiˈrauɡab/ doɡ (doinɡ the verb, but not to somethinɡ)
GenitivePrefix u- uairaugab /uˈairauˌɡab/ doɡʼs
MasculineIf starts with vowel: Prefix p- Else: Prefix pe- paing /paiŋ/ man Prefix ai- aiaing /aiˈaiŋ/ men
FemininePrefix da- daplu /daˈplu/ woman If starts with vowel: Prefix r- Else: Prefix rau- rauplu /rauˈplu/ women
NeuterIf starts with vowel: Prefix l- Else: Prefix le- lairaugab /laiˈrauɡab/ doɡ If starts with vowel: Prefix sh- Else: Prefix sha- shairaugab /shaiˈrauɡab/ doɡs


Definitestat /stat/ the
Indefinitetrail /trail/ a, some


1st singularub /ub/ I gab /ɡab/ me, I tai /tai/ mine
2nd singularurd /urd/ you o /o/ you gri /ɡri/ yours
3rd singular mascbu /bu/ he i /i/ him, he yo /jo/ his
3rd singular femle /le/ she mi /mi/ her, she u /u/ hers
3rd singular neutstak /stak/ it taul /taul/ it ny̼̼aul /ɲaul/ its
1st pluralrau /rau/ we us /us/ us, we om /om/ ours
2nd pluralob /ob/ you all shaub /shaub/ you all fri /fri/ yours (pl)
3rd plural maschu /hu/ they (masc) ta /ta/ them (masc), they (masc) da /da/ theirs (masc)
3rd plural femai /ai/ they (fem) ci /ʧi/ them (fem), they (fem) ho /ho/ theirs (fem)
3rd plural neutkau /kau/ they (neut) tro /tro/ them (neut), they (neut) pit /pit/ theirs (neut)

Possessive determiners

1st singularni /ni/ my
2nd singularrai /rai/ your
3rd singular mascbi /bi/ his
3rd singular femci /ʧi/ her
3rd singular neuta /a/ its
1st pluralcir /ʧir/ our
2nd pluralprau /prau/ your (pl)
3rd plural mascfri /fri/ their (masc)
3rd plural femyo /jo/ their (fem)
3rd plural neutgru /ɡru/ their (neut)


1st personNo affix sunga /suˈŋa/ (I/we) learn Prefix ma- masunga /maˈsuŋa/ (I/we) learned
2nd personNo affix sunga /suˈŋa/ (you/you all) learn If starts with vowel: Prefix p- Else: Prefix pa- pasunga /paˈsuŋa/ (you/you all) learned
3rd personNo affix sunga /suˈŋa/ (he/she/it/they) learn If starts with vowel: Prefix m- Else: Prefix ma- masunga /maˈsuŋa/ (he/she/it/they) learned
  Vairuvand uses a standalone particle word for future tense:
FutureParticle before the verb: hol - hol sunga /hol suˈŋa/ will learn
  Imperfective aspect   The ‘imperfective’ aspect refers to ongoing actions, such as I am learning and habitual actions, such as I learn (something new every day).   Vairuvand uses an affix for imperfective:  
ImperfectivePrefix ai- aisunga /aiˈsuŋa/ learns/is learninɡ
  Perfect aspect   The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.   Vairuvand uses an affix for the perfect aspect:  
PerfectPrefix la- lasunga /laˈsuŋa/ have learned


  Vairuvand has a base-10 number system:   1 - wurd
2 - uw
3 - ni
4 - pe
5 - ne
6 - ci
7 - su
8 - tau
9 - aurd
10 - kai
11 - kaiwurd “ten-one”
100 - wurd nin “one hundred”
101 - wurd nin ja wurd “one hundred and one”
200 - uw nin
1000 - wurd bunt “one thousand”

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Prefix me-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix t- Else: Prefix tai-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix h- Else: Prefix hu-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix i-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If starts with vowel: Prefix m- Else: Prefix me-
Noun to verb = Prefix ai-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix da-
Tending to = Prefix e-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix j- Else: Prefix jo-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Prefix ho-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If starts with vowel: Prefix fr- Else: Prefix fre-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix u-
Diminutive = If starts with vowel: Prefix k- Else: Prefix kai-
Augmentative = Prefix e-


4440 Words.


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