Visited for the first time by humans from 2033 until 2038, the first real colony was established in 2042 with the establishment of an international base by the UN on the site now occupied by the city of Ashera. It quickly became an important economic center during the period of the Solar Confederation with its position which made it a point of passage to Earth. Today, even if Mars has lost its importance of yesteryear, it still retains one since it is the capital of the sector of Terra with the institutions of the latter located in the city of Ashera.
The largest city on Mars is Ashera, its capital and the city that hosts the largest spaceport which also happens to be the location of the first landing site. The rest of the population is concentrated in a dozen major cities and others of medium size or even smaller ones. Two other major cities particularly stand out for their age, Deman and Yokomi, which are also former landing sites.
The capital of the planetary government of the Mars is located in Ashera, the city contains he planetary court, the offices of the executive and the planetary assembly and all the institutions necessary for the proper functioning of the government. The executive apparatus is made up of the representative of the planet which is called an Intendant and the various departments which deal with the competences which are allotted to the planet.
Like all republican planets, Mars has an Orbital Defense System (ODS) which is made up of several orbital cannons used to support Navy vessels in the event of an attack. The planet is also defended by the Army and the Air Force whose task is to defend it against any invasion attempt, Marine Corps units are also stationed on the planet.
Industry & Trade
Mars is mainly an important scientific and administrative center which has turned to a high-tech industry due to the presence of the Terra Sector Research Institute (TSRI), Ashera also has a district intended for companies in the research sector.
Mars has a dense train network which links the different cities of the planet, the spaceports of Asheira, Deiman and Yokomi connect the planet to space. In space, three orbital stations receive vessels which cannot land on the planet due to their too large mass, Port Phobos, Port Deimos and Solar Gate, which take their names from the two natural satellites of Mars as well as an old name given by the pilots at the beginning of the exploration of the solar system.
The cities of Mars have several peculiarities because of the planet's past which knew a period when all the cities were underground. This period has left many traces in the current cities of the planet. Even if the a good part are above ground by being under domes to protect them from the atmosphere which is still unbreathable and to offer terrestrial gravity, many of the very first cities on the planet still have underground sections. For the rest, the Martian cities are like all the other republican cities, leaving a large place to the vegetation, dense and having varied architectural styles. There are also very dense with a majority of mid-rise buildings and, in the city-centre, many high-rise buildings who are not too imposing to keep cities on a human scale.
Mars was covered for the most part by desert and caynons which are red in color during most of its existence, giving it the nickname of red planet. With terraforming, however, the planet was covered with a huge ocean circling the planet north. To the south, an immense continent comprising a desert, forests and the remains of the ancient craters of the planet.
Mars has several very important mineral deposits on its surface and other natural ressources useful to industry, but most of the raw materials come from space to avoid the environmental damage that the exploitation of these would cause on the planet.