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Siwn

Natively known as: siwn (siwn) /siwn ˈsiun)/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
vur vi vim vos dehu samli vur vim ddenu swvovij oanis nw nenlodd
Pronunciation: /vʊr vi vim vos ˈdehʊ ˈsamli vʊr vim ˈðenʊ suˈvoviʤ oˈanis nu ˈnenloð/
Elvish word order: and he hat his holding stood and his face wet the wind to turned  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: d g h m n r s v x ð ʤ  
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalDentalAlveolarPalato-alveolarVelarGlottal
Nasalmn
Stopdg
Affricateʤ
Fricativevðsxh
Trillr
  Vowel inventory: a e i o u ʊ  
FrontBack
Highiu
Near-highʊ
High-mideo
Lowa
  Syllable structure: (C)(C)V(C)(C)
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable   Sound changes (in order of application):  
  • g → ∅ / _#
  Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
xch
ðdd
uw
ʊu
ʤj
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Object (Prepositional phrase) Verb. “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary the door with a key opened.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: postpositions  

Pronouns

 
1st singulari /i/ I, me, mine
2nd singularddi /ði/ you, yours
3rd singularvi /vi/ he, him, his, it, its, she, her, hers
1st pluralen /en/ we, us, ours
2nd pluraldden /ðen/ you all (pl), yours (pl)
3rd pluralven /ven/ they, them, theirs

Possessive determiners

 
1st singularim /im/ my
2nd singularddim /ðim/ your
3rd singularvim /vim/ his, her, its
1st pluralem /em/ our
2nd pluralddaim /ˈðaim/ your (pl)
3rd pluralvaim /ˈvaim/ their


Noun number

 
SingularNo affix
vach /vax/ dog
PluralIf ends with vowel: Suffix -nen
Else: Suffix -en
vachen /ˈvaxen/ dogs
 

Articles

 
Definiteidd /ið/ the
Indefinitena /na/ a, some
 


Verb tense

 
PastIf ends with vowel: Suffix -d
Else: Suffix -ad
ddiged /ˈðiged/ learned
PresentNo affix
ddige /ˈðige/ learn
FutureIf ends with vowel: Suffix -ram
Else: Suffix -am
ddigeram /ðiˈgeram/ will learn
 

Verb mood

 
ImperativeIf ends with vowel: Suffix -ðo
Else: Suffix -o
ddigeddo /ðiˈgeðo/ learn! (command)
 

Noun case

 
NominativeNo affix
vach /vax/ dog (doing the verb)
AccusativeIf ends with vowel: Suffix -l
Else: Suffix -il
vachil /ˈvaxil/ (verb done to) dog
GenitiveIf starts with vowel: Prefix ain-
Else: Prefix ai-
aivach /aˈivax/ dogʼs
 


 

Numbers

  Elvish has a base-10 number system:   1 - nen
2 - tel
3 - tar
4 - var
5 - edd
6 - eddnen
7 - nena
8 - tara
9 - vara
10 - alnen
Hundred - nenda
Thousand - ddenen  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nu
Else: Suffix -u
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ni
Else: Suffix -i
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -dʊ
Else: Suffix -ʊ
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -h
Else: Suffix -ʊh
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -s
Else: Suffix -is
Noun to verb = Suffix -em
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -um
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -x
Else: Suffix -ex
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -er
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -i
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -in
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nu
Else: Suffix -ʊ
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nun
Else: Suffix -un
Augmentative = Suffix -og
People of = Suffix -aden
Superlative = Prefix al-
Time of = Suffix -nað
Without = Prefix ud-
City name = Prefix ar-
Land name = If starts with vowel: Prefix inʊl-
Else: Prefix inʊ-
Tower name = Prefix dar-
River name = Prefix iar-
Castle name = Prefix sig-

Dictionary

3004 Words.
Categories
  Families
Battle & Weaponry
Beings

Common Phrases
Gar aiMeddin (gar ˌaiˈmeðin) - Hawk of the Ocean - also known as The Grey
  PEOPLES
Siwnaden (siuˈnaden) - Poetic Folk - Elves
Machaden (maxaden) - Dark Folk - Trolls
Machadwnen (maxadunen) - Lesser Dark Folk - Trollkin
Inaden (inaden) - Deep Folk - Dwarves
Isaden (isaden) - Swift Folk - Norlanders and probably all hʊmans

SEASONS
Annadd (annað) - cold time - Winter
Arvalnadd (arˈvalnað) - green time - Spring
Melnadd (melnað) - hot time - Sʊmmer
Deunadd (de'ʊnað) - retreating time - Aʊtʊmn

  INDIVIDʊAL NAMES
  Alsiwnda (alsiunda) - Most Beautiful Song - Aelsynda
Ddairan (ðai'ran) - Lonely Voice - Taeyran
Niermwdd - (nier'muð)- Discovers Lyrics- Niormoth

  LANDS OF KAEVIL
Note that these names denote the areas cʊrrently occʊpied withoʊt reference to borders defined by the Norlander
Inovwl (iˈnovul) - Genlith
Ddachaiun (ðaxaˈiʊn) - Tyaldi
(The similarity of the Siwn word Ddaldi (ðaldi) meaning law, to the name Tyaldi seems to be coincidental)
Alsigildor (alsiˈgildor) - Greendale and Caervil
Inolros (iˈnolros) - Orloi
Machinelval (maxiˈnelval) - Malmor
Admogal (ad'mogal) - Raendor and eastern Genlith
Ranunen (ran ˈunen) - The Ruins of the Royal Lands

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Articles under Siwn


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