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The Blatian Language

For some, it represents the last stage of th Ikarian Language, for others, it is its descendant. Regardless of debate, today the vernacular language of most of the inhabitants of the former territories of the Ikarian Empire is Blatian (despite the Ikarian language being the official language of The Blatian Empire, the Kingdom of Cloudia and the Republic of Valia.  

Origins:

  Blatian emerged as the vernacular language of most Ikarians around the 3rd-4th centuries AP. It was (and still is), the day to day language for people belonging to the middle and lower classes of society (while Ikarian is used at the Imperial Court and by the nobility as a mark of distinction). Initally it was the language used by the bards to sing about the stories of the gods or the glory of the Emperors and Kings that ruled during and after the Ikarian Empire. When the Empire fell in 460 AP and thanks to the renown songs of famous bards, the Blatian language became trully a literary language and achieved its status as the national language of the country reaching such an extent that the name of their native speakers changed from Ikarians to Blatians.  

Dialects:

  Blatian has 4 distinctive dialects, mutually inteligible between them (although an standard Blatian dialect is used across the country central, western, eastern and insular (also called Valian). The main differences between them are phonetic and use of different words. (Valian for example is very influenced by the neighbouring Seris language).  

Main differences with Ikarian

  Blatian has a more simple grammar than Ikarian. Declensions from Ikarian have dissappeared (something that can also be seen in vernacular Seris after the 7th century AP). In their place Blatian uses prepositions to mark the position of the word inside the sentence. For example the old Ikarian Accusative has been replaced by the use of the preposition "ta". Genitive is replaced by the preposition "da", Dative by the preposition "ó" and Ablative by "tys" ( all of these prepositions followed by the names in nominative). Locative, on the other hand dissappeared).   Conjugation of verbs also changed, the old standalone particles "me" for the past tense" and "maw" for future, have become suffixes. So for example " i learned" in Blatian will be " Po thèyareme" instead of the Ikarian "Pawp me thèyare"; and " I will learn" would be "Po thèyaremaw/thèyaremo" instead of the Ikarian "maw thèyare".   Progressive and habitual aspects,present in the Ikarian language have been forgotten in Blatian.        

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d f g k l m n p r s t ŋ ɲ ʃ ʎ ʦ θ
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d k g
Affricate ʦ
Fricative f θ s ʃ
Trill r
Lateral approximant l ʎ
Vowel inventory: a e i o u ɔ ɛ
Front Back
High i u
High-mid e o
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a
Syllable structure: (C)V(C)
Stress pattern: stress is on the middle or final syllable   Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ɔ ó
ɛ
ŋ ng
ɲ ny
ʃ sh
ʎ y
ʦ ts
θ th
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key”.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: postpositions  

Pronouns

1st singular po /pɔ/ I
2nd singular pa /pa/ you
3rd singular masc /rɔ/ he, it
3rd singular fem pel /pel/ she, it
1st plural /mɔ/ we
2nd plural yè /ʎɛ/ you all
3rd plural óu/ɔu/ they
     

Possessive determiners

1st singular pa /pa/ my
2nd singular yu /ʎu/ your
3rd singular masc mon /mon/ his
3rd singular fem shè /ʃɛ/ her
1st plural sha /ʃɔ/ our
2nd plural tan /tan/ your (pl)
3rd plural nyi /ɲi/ their
 

Verbs

Past Particle after the verb: me -
thèyareme / θɛ'ʎareme/ learned
Future Particle after the verb: mɔ -
thèyaremo /θɛ'ʎaremɔ/ will learn
 

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.
Ikarian uses an affix for the perfect aspect:
Perfect Particle -è before the verb
èthèyare /ˈɛθɛˌʎare/ have learned
Ikarian has a base-10 number system:   1 - ino
2 - yud
3 - pen
4 - petor
5 - pompe
6 - tha
7 - sefte
8 - uhto
9 - dab
10 - deke
Hundred - mu
Thousand - nutmu  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Suffix -ta
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -l
Else: Suffix -ɛl
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -ɛ
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ko
Else: Suffix -iko
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Suffix -ke
Noun to verb = Suffix -a
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -ɛ
Tending to = Suffix -aʎ
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -un
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -ip
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -t
Else: Suffix -ot
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Suffix -i
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ɲ
Else: Suffix -iɲ
Augmentative = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ʎior
Else: Suffix -eʎior  

Kallian influence in the Blatian language:

  It is believed that Blatian originated as a dialect of Ikarian spoken in the Kallian plains that soon spread to the rest of the country. As such, it has inherited some characteristics of the extinct Kallian language. For example Blatian has many words originated from Kallian, mostly related to agriculture and nature such as, for example,: mearko (stone), bille (spring or fountain), Shato (calf), sheste (meaning plant). Also because of the pronuntiation of the old Kallian language, most of the words in Ikarian that began with -s, began with -sh (pronounced as: /ʃ/) in Blatian. Same for those words that began with -u in Ikarian, in Blatian begin with -b.   Comparison of texts between Ikarian and Blatian:
English Ikarian Blatian
I,Tiberius, Emperor of the Ikarians built this temple in honor of the Gods Pawp, Tiberios, Rigas aw Ikarianan, san peeslumok me trivakaure am duth aw Tawanan Pó,Tiberiu, Rigas da Ikarianó, trivakaureme ta san peeslumo am dú da Tawanó
Root Languages
Spoken by

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Comments

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3 Jan, 2022 13:21

I like how you describe the grammatical changes between the Ikarian and Blatian languages. This gives me a lot to think about for my own conlangs, I'm only just starting to look at predecessor languages. Including a history section is a great idea as well, it's interesting to read how the different languages are tied to the people who use them.


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