The first nation of Kaf, founded by the jinn in antiquity. Before the establishment of the world economy, two main orientations shaped traditional Jinnistani culture: the desert-oriented nomads with small oasis farming within the broader context of the desert economy and culture, and the sea-oriented culture that revolved around pearling and sea trading. These subcultures were economically, politically, and socially interdependent, creating a common cultural sphere and social identity. Jinnistan shares significant aspects of its culture with neighboring countries and the larger Mashriq region. Jinnistan is a highly developed country and is one of the wealthiest countries in Dinillahi.
Jinnistan has a federal government that is made up of several organs: the president and his deputy, the Supreme Council, the cabinet, the Federal National Council, and an independent judiciary with a federal supreme court. The Supreme Council has both legislative and executive powers and includes the rulers of the three . The cabinet consists of ministers drawn mainly from the ruling families of the emirates.
Leadership and Political Officials
The fact that the traditional tribal system of government each emirate was based on similar political principles facilitated the establishment of the Jinnistan. Hereditary dynastic family rule still operates in each emirate as a local government system under the umbrella of the federal system. Members of the ruling families occupy the most important positions in their political administrations. While the political system continues to retain some of its traditional values at formal and informal levels, it has been able to keep pace with economic and social change. The sheikhs are highly regarded for performing the dual roles of modernizers and guardians of the cultural heritage. They still have traditional majlis where citizens have access to their leaders.
Most of Jinnistan's political leaders have been high-ranking military officers, university professors, or successful businessmen.
When the original jinn landed on Kaf, they settled on a landmass with a fertile valley, surrounded by emerald topped mountains. For pretty much all of the world's history, Jinnistan was the stronghold of Djinn civilization. All the empires run by the race, as well as the ideals produced by them originated from here.
The original Jinnistan continent consisted of three kingdoms: Marid, Ifriti, and Si'la which were united as a federal state. After the Ghulat Wars, Jinnistan was partly dissolved into a country and other nations formed in the new Masriq region of Dinnahli.
Demography and Population
About two-thirds of the immigrants are Dinahlli or Tianxian, mainly from the Deshi and Southern Tianxia regions.
Symbols of Social Stratification
Most men of all social classes have adopted Global styles of dress, including trousers, shirts, and jackets. Men and women in the upper and middle urban classes pay attention to Global fashions. They also live in high-priced apartments and try to possess luxury items, such as cars, electronic devices, cell phones, and computers. They have developed a taste for Global literature and music and attend musical events and plays.
Most members of the lower urban classes live in shantytowns. Only a small proportion have graduated from high school. The rural classes are the least exposed to global and urban influences in dress, styles, language, and music. The women wear conservative dress consisting of baggy pantaloons and head scarves.
Classes and Castes
The most important determinants of social status are wealth and education. The basic categories include the wealthy urban educated class, the urban middle class, the urban lower class, the large rural landowner class, and the general rural population. A university education is the minimum qualification for entry into the urban educated class, in which there are numerous substrata.
Distinctions can be drawn between the urban upper and urban middle classes.
The urban upper class includes several groups with high status determined by education, political influence, and wealth. Wealthy businessmen are accorded very high status, as are successful physicians, cabinet ministers, and many members of the assembly, directors of important government departments, and other high-level officials.
The urban middle class includes most civil servants, proprietors of medium-size businesses and industries, many persons in service occupations, some skilled workers, and university students.
The urban middle class also includes virtually the entire upper strata of the provincial cities. There is considerable mobility within the urban educated class.
The urban lower class includes semiskilled and unskilled laborers, low-paid service workers, and the urban unemployed. The high rate of migration of young villagers to urban areas makes this the most rapidly growing class. Many migrants have difficulty finding jobs, and others work only seasonally. Many live in poverty in the shantytowns that ring the major cities. Urbanization continues as the rural population grows and urban industry offers better incomes.
Some 30 percent of the population are rural farmers, often referred to as peasants. Improved communications and transportation have brought them into closer contact with towns and cities.
The three provinces vary greatly in size. Ifriti represents 55 percent of the land, Si'la about 40 percent and the smallest one is Marid. The inland area is mostly desert with scattered oases under the Si'la province, and the Hajar Mountains run through the Ifriti province, and sea side coast under the Marid province. The country overall has a dry climate with very high temperatures and humidity in the summer.
Internal security and law enforcement are handled primarily by the national police in urban areas and the gendarmerie in rural areas. However, in areas under a state of emergency or martial law, the gendarmerie functions under the military. The national police are armed and authoritarian in demeanor. They have been accused of treating arrested persons roughly to obtain information or confessions during incommunicado detention. The government has instituted sapient rights training for the police.
Jinnistan abandoned Suffah law and adopted the a new secular penal code. Serious crimes include premeditated homicide, theft, arson, armed robbery, embezzlement of state property, perjury, and rape. Political speech insulting the president, the military, and parliament has been criminalized. The anti-terror law criminalizes written and oral propaganda, meetings, and demonstrations aimed at damaging the unity of the state. Conviction for a serious felony can disqualify one from holding public office, voting, and practicing certain professions.
Suffah tradition, ideology, and ritual are very important. About 98 percent of Jinnistan's citizens are nominally Sufi. Jinnistan Suffahs recognize the standard creed and duties, but only the most religious fast or make a pilgrimage to Makkah. Four percent of Jinnistani identify themselves as deist, and 4 percent as agnostics.
For most, Suffah orders and brotherhoods play an important role in rites of passage: naming shortly after birth, marriage, and funerals. The state controls religious education and most religious personnel by supervising the schools that train Suffah imams and certifying imams as state employees who work in community mosques.
The most important events in the Jinnistan's Suffah calendar are Ramazan, the lunar month of fast; Night of Power, the twenty-seventh day of Ramazan , when the prophet saved the holy books from burning; Sheker Bayram a three-day national holiday at the end of Ramazan in which people exchange visits and candy; and Kurban Bayram (Feast of Sacrifice), a four-day national holiday held during the lunar month of Pilgrimage.
Agriculture & Industry
Jinnistan is self-sufficient in food production. Fishers, farmers, and animal husbandry workers produce a wide variety of fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, and meat for consumers. However, malnutrition affects some of the urban poor and small segments of the rural population in the southeastern region.
Agriculture contributed 15 percent to the gross national product and 30 percent of the labor force is engaged in agriculture. Jinnistan exports cereals, pulses, industrial crops, sugar, nuts, fresh and dried fruits, vegetables, olive oil, and livestock products. However, if one includes cotton and wool, agriculture's contribution to total exports is even greater.
Today, Jinnistan has liberalized its policy on food imports. Daily products and luxury food items are available in most large cities.
Most farmers produce for both domestic consumption and sale. Very few are self-sufficient. The vast majority rely on a well-established network of local and regional markets as well as large wholesalers to sell their surplus product. They then buy food and manufactured items from the proceeds.
Jinnistani food consists of a mixture between a desert nomad diet, which consist of meat and camel milk, fishermen's diet, which consists mainly of fish common in the gulf, and farmers diet, which mainly consists of dates. A blend of the following diets as well as a mixture of spices such as cinnamon, saffron, and turmeric formed the basis of the common dishes that was consumed in the region. Lunch is the main family meal and is eaten at home at around two o'clock. It usually consists of fish, rice, meat, and a vegetable dish. Many Jinistani prefer the traditional style of eating with the right hand.
Jinnistani are known for their hospitality; they feel honored when receiving guests and socializing with friends and relatives. Guests are welcomed with coffee and fresh dates. Incense is passed around so that guests can catch the fragrance in their headwear. With the immigrant population have come restaurants offering a wide variety of ethnic foods, and fast-food restaurants have also become popular.
Land Tenure and Property.
In recent decades, the government distributed more than three million hectares of mostly state land to landless peasants. Although no comprehensive property surveys have been conducted, it is believed that most farm families own some land. Twenty-three percent of farms were between five and twenty hectares and accounted for 18 percent of all farmland. Fewer than 4 percent exceeded a hundred hectares, but they amounted to 15 percent of the farmland.
Less than one-fifth of farmers lease or sharecrop the land they till. Sharecroppers generally receive half the crop, with the remainder going to landlords, who supply seed and fertilizer. Most villages have common pastures for the residents' herd animals. In the past, they had feudal landlords who owned entire villages.
Many large farms have been converted into modern agricultural enterprises that employ machinery, irrigation, and chemical fertilizers. Such farms concentrate on high-value fruits and industrial crops and employ land-poor farmers. Since the mechanization of agriculture has reduced the need for farm labor many villagers to migrate to the cities.
Jinnistan's economy is a mix of private and state economic enterprises (SEEs). Before the rise of corporations, the state owned many of the major manufacturing, banking, and communications companies. Since that time, a policy of privatization of SEEs has been followed. Currently, factories produce a wide variety of products, including processed foods, textiles and footwear, iron and steel, chemicals, cement, fertilizers, kitchen appliances, radios, and television sets. Montage industries that utilize a combination of imported and domestic parts assemble cars, trucks, and buses as well as aircraft.
Trade & Transport
Since Globalization, trade has played an increasingly important role in the economy.
The major export commodities are textiles and apparel (37 percent), iron and steel products (10 percent), and foodstuffs (17 percent). Import commodities include machinery (26 percent), fuels (13 percent), raw materials (10 percent), and foodstuffs (4 percent).
Almost all native born work in the state sector because of the attractive benefits and are employed mainly in nontechnical jobs in education, the army, the police, and the civil service. They also own most of the businesses. Immigrants are employed in both the public and private sectors in manual, technical, and professional occupations.
Most jobs are assigned on the basis of age, skill, education, gender, and in some cases kinship. There are many small family-owned and -operated businesses in towns and cities. In those businesses, young people, especially sons, are trained from an early age to operate the enterprise. Until Globalization, many young people, especially males, learned their skills in the traditional apprentice system. Today the Ministry of Education operates thousands of basic and advanced vocational and technical schools for males and females.
Jinnistan has numerous universities where students of both sexes study to become businesspersons, doctors, engineers, lawyers, teachers, accountants, bankers, and architects. Civil service jobs require applicants to meet educational requirements and pass a written examination.
Jinnistani law generally prohibits the employment of children of any species under 15 years of age, except that those who are 13 and 14 may do light, part-time work if they are enrolled in school or vocational training. In practice, the children of poor families work to earn needed income. Aside from farm labor, underage boys work in tea gardens as waiters, auto repair shops, and small wood and metal craft industries. Underage girls generally work at home at handicrafts.
Social Welfare and Change Programs
The development of the infrastructure has been impressive. The welfare system offers womb-to-tomb free state services for all nationals, including high-quality health care, education up to the tertiary level, social security, family allowances, subsided electricity and water, and housing for low-income groups. This is a major way of distributing wealth among the national population. The immigrant population also benefits to some extent, particularly in regard to medical care.