The Language of Soi̯ngan Language in Nei̯ Huyoishor | World Anvil

The Language of Soi̯ngan

Natively known as: soi̯nga /ˈsɔɪ̯ŋɑ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
ca doi gacur feeshou doi thoiree ca loipur doi eethou yoidee thoi naipor
Pronunciation: /kɑ dɔˈɪ gæˈkɜː fiːˈʃaʊ ˈdɔɪ θɔɪˈɹiː kɑ ˈlɔɪpɜː ˈdɔɪ iːˈθaʊ jɔɪˈdiː ˈθɔɪ ˈnaɪpɔː/
Soi̯ngan word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d f g h j k l m n p s t v w z ð ŋ ɹ ʃ ʒ ʤ ʧ θ  
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalDentalAlveolarPalato-alveolarPalatalVelarGlottal
Nasalmnŋ
Stopp bt dk g
Affricateʧ ʤ
Fricativef vθ ðs zʃ ʒh
Approximantɹj
Lateral approximantl
  Co-articulated phonemes  
↓Manner/Place→Labial-velar
Approximantw
  Vowel inventory: aɪ̯ aʊ̯ eɪ̯ iː oʊ̯ uː æ ɑ ɔɪ̯ ɔː ɛ ɜː ɪ ʊ ʌ   Diphthongs: aɪ̯ aʊ̯ eɪ̯ oʊ̯ ɔɪ̯ ?  
FrontCentralBack
High
Near-highɪʊ
Low-midɛɜːʌ ɔː
Near-lowæ
Lowɑ
  Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: No fixed stress ?   Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
kwqu
kt#cked
kc / !_{ɪ,i,ɛ,e,s}
ðth
θth
ʍwh
ŋɡng
ŋknk
ɡg
ŋng
ʧch
ʃsh
ɹr
z#s
ccck
c#k
aʊ#ow
ou
ɔɪoi
ɪəear
ɪ#y
ei̯
ɪi
jiyi
jy
iː#y
yy#yi
#y#i
ʌu
ee
o
ʊoo
ɛe
ɑː?a
æa
j
ʤ#ge
ʤdg
ɜːur
ɔːor
u
quurquir
ere
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions ?  

Nouns

 
SingularPlural
MasculineSuffix -giː
soigy /ˈsɔɪgiː/ man
Suffix -piː
soipy /ˈsɔɪpiː/ men
FemininePrefix wɔː-
worwur /ˈwɔːwɜː/ woman
Prefix huː-
huwur /huːˈwɜː/ women
NeuterSuffix -mɑ
cahurma /ˈkæhɜːmɑ/ dog
Prefix hʌ-
hucahur /ˈhʌkæhɜː/ dogs
 

Articles

  Soi̯ngan has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.
 

Pronouns

 
1st singulargy /giː/ I, me, mine
2nd singularcur /kɜː/ you, yours
3rd singular mascdoi̯ /dɔɪ̯/ he, him, his
3rd singular femwy /wiː/ she, her, hers
3rd singular neutfur /fɜː/ it, its
1st pluralyu /juː/ we, us, ours
2nd plurala /ɑ/ you all, yours (pl)
3rd plural mascga /gɑ/ they (masc), them (masc), theirs (masc)
3rd plural femjor /ʤɔː/ they (fem), them (fem), theirs (fem)
3rd plural neuthu /huː/ they (neut), them (neut), theirs (neut)
 

Possessive determiners

 
1st singulargy /giː/ my
2nd singularcur /kɜː/ your
3rd singular mascdoi /dɔˈɪ/ his
3rd singular femwy /wiː/ her
3rd singular neutfur /fɜː/ its
1st pluralyu /juː/ our
2nd plurala /ɑ/ your (pl)
3rd plural mascga /gɑ/ their (masc)
3rd plural femjor /ʤɔː/ their (fem)
3rd plural neuthu /huː/ their (neut)
 

Verbs

 
1st person2nd person3rd person
MasculineSuffix -zɜː
moisazur /mɔˌɪsɑˈzɜː/
Suffix -kuː
moisacu /ˌmɔɪˈsɑkuː/
Prefix zæ-
zamoisa /ˌzæmɔˈɪsɑ/
FeminineSuffix -wiː
moisawy /ˌmɔɪˈsɑwiː/
Prefix ʧɔː-
chormoisa /ʧɔːˌmɔɪˈsɑ/
Suffix -vɔː
moisavor /ˌmɔɪˈsɑvɔː/
NeuterPrefix vɔː-
vormoisa /vɔːˌmɔɪˈsɑ/
Prefix kɑ-
camoisa /kɑˌmɔɪˈsɑ/
Suffix -pɑ
moisapa /ˌmɔɪˈsɑpɑ/
  Soi̯ngan uses a standalone particle word for past tense:
PastParticle before the verb: ɔː -
or moisa /ɔː ˈmɔɪsɑ/ learned
  Soi̯ngan uses a standalone particle word for future tense:
FutureParticle before the verb: ðaʊ̯ -
thou̯ moisa /ðaʊ̯ mɔˈɪsɑ/ will learn
 

Numbers

  Soi̯ngan has a base-20 number system:
1 - ga
2 - a
3 - gy
4 - coi
5 - ga
6 - mow
7 - now
8 - zur
9 - a
10 - ju
11 - worby
12 - ʒalow
13 - yoily
14 - thoimoda
15 - ornu
16 - thoihy
17 - loithy
18 - doichobay
19 - naizy
20 - fursor
21 - ga ca fursor “one and twenty”
400 - ga peewoicur “one fourhundred”
401 - ga peewoicur ca ga “one fourhundred and one”
800 - a peewoicur “two fourhundred”
8000 - ga ʒahu “one eightthousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Suffix -ðoʊ̯
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -tiː
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix gɔː-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -piː
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix piː-
Noun to verb = Prefix wiː-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix gɔː-
Tending to = Suffix -tiː
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Prefix giː-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Prefix ʒæ-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -baɪ̯
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix dɑ-
Diminutive = Prefix ʒɛ-
Augmentative = Prefix zæ-

Dictionary

3498 Words.


Cover image: Header Image by Tiqdreng

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