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Innaru Blank Speech

Please do not share this with the public! A full translation has never been heard of to historic researchers and if what we discovered got out then chaos would ensue. I share this with you because we can't afford not too.    

Natively known as: ʘexethě /ʘɘˈχɘθɤ/

Geographical Distribution

This was all across the continent before the Never Ending Crisis, now it is a dead language.

Phonology

Consonant inventory: /ŋ ɓ ɣ ɬ ɮ ɺ ʈ ʎ ʘ θ χ/

↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular
Nasal ŋ
Stop ʈ
Implosive ɓ
Fricative θ ɣ χ
Lateral fricative ɬ ɮ
Lateral approximant ʎ
Lateral tap ɺ
Click ʘ
 

Vowel inventory: /i æ ɑ ɘ ɤ ɵ̤ ʌ/

Front Central Back
High i
High-mid ɘ ɵ̤ ɤ
Low-mid ʌ
Near-low æ
Low ɑ
 

Syllable structure: (C)(C)V
Stress pattern: No fixed stress
Word initial consonants: ŋ, ɓ, ɣ, ɬ, ɮ, ɺ, ʈ, ʎ, ʘ, θ, χ
Mid-word consonants: ŋ, ɓ, ɣ, ɬ, ɮ, ɺ, ʈ, ʎ, ʘ, θ, χ
Word final consonants: N/A

Phonological rules (in order of application):  

  • S→S[-voice] / _#
  Spelling rules:

Pronunciation Spelling
æ a
ŋ ng
ɑ o
ɓ b
ɘ e
ɣ x
ɤ
ɬ l
ɮ lh
ɺ r
ʈ t
ʌ u
ʎ y
θ th
χ x
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject-Oblique-Object-Verb. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary with a key the door opened.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: postpositions
 

Noun

Nouns have four cases:
Ergative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man
The ergative affix only appears if there is an absolutive in the sentence
Absolutive is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog
Absolutives are always no affix
Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man
Dative is the recipeint of something: man gives ball to dog

Masculine

Singular Plural
Ergative Prefix ɓɵ̤-
bɵ̤xungě /ɓɵ̤ˈχʌŋɤ/
Suffix -ɓæ
xungěba /χʌˈŋɤɓæ/
Absolutive No affix
xungě /ˈχʌŋɤ/
Prefix ʎɘ-
yexungě /ʎɘχʌˈŋɤ/
Genitive Suffix -ʎɘ
xungěye /χʌˈŋɤʎɘ/
Prefix ɺɵ̤-
rɵ̤xungě /ɺɵ̤ˈχʌŋɤ/
Dative Prefix ɣæ-
xaxungě /ɣæχʌˈŋɤ/
Suffix -ŋɑ
xungěngo /χʌˈŋɤŋɑ/

Feminine

Singular Plural
Ergative Prefix ɓɤ-
běxungě /ɓɤχʌˈŋɤ/
Prefix θæ-
thaxungě /θæχʌˈŋɤ/
Absolutive No affix
xungě /ˈχʌŋɤ/
Suffix -ʎɵ̤
xungěyɵ̤ /χʌˈŋɤʎɵ̤/
Genitive Prefix ɓʌ-
buxungě /ɓʌχʌˈŋɤ/
Suffix -χɤ
xungěxě /χʌŋɤˈχɤ/
Dative Suffix -θɑ
xungětho /χʌˈŋɤθɑ/
Prefix ɺæ-
raxungě /ɺæˈχʌŋɤ/

Neuter

Singular Plural
Ergative Suffix -ʘɤ
xungěʘě /χʌˈŋɤʘɤ/
Suffix -ɣʌ
xungěxu /χʌˈŋɤɣʌ/
Absolutive No affix
xungě /χʌˈŋɤ/
Suffix -ɺɘ
xungěre /χʌˈŋɤɺɘ/
Genitive Prefix ɺɘ-
rexungě /ɺɘˈχʌŋɤ/
Prefix ŋɑ-
ngoxungě /ŋɑˈχʌŋɤ/
Dative Suffix -ɮæ
xungělha /χʌˈŋɤɮæ/
Suffix -χɵ̤
xungěxɵ̤ /χʌˈŋɤχɵ̤/
 

Articles

ʘexethěian has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.  

Pronouns

Ergative Absolutive Genitive Dative
1st singular e /ɘ/
I
lo /ɬɑ/
me
yo /ʎɑ/
my, mine
thi /θi/
to me
2nd singular yɵ̤ /ʎɵ̤/
you
la /ɬæ/
you
bu /ɓʌ/
your, yours
ɵ̤ /ɵ̤/
to you
3rd singular masc lhi /ɮi/
he, it
nge /ŋɘ/
him, it
lhu /ɮʌ/
his, its
lhɵ̤ /ɮɵ̤/
to him
3rd singular fem ʘě /ʘɤ/
she, it
xu /χʌ/
her, it
o /ɑ/
her, hers, its
ʘo /ʘɑ/
to her
1st plural inclusive xa /ɣæ/
we (including you)
xi /χi/
us (including you)
re /ɺɘ/
our, ours (including you)
ra /ɺæ/
to us (including you)
1st plural exclusive u /ʌ/
we (excluding you)
ti /ʈi/
us (excluding you)
xo /ɣɑ/
our, ours (excluding you)
tho /θɑ/
to us (excluding you)
2nd plural tha /θæ/
you (all)
ʘu /ʘʌ/
you (all)
ngɵ̤ /ŋɵ̤/
your, yours (all)
rě /ɺɤ/
to you (all)
3rd plural masc tě /ʈɤ/
they (masculine)
a /æ/
them (masculine)
ri /ɺi/
their, theirs (masculine)
i /i/
to them (masculine)
3rd plural fem rɵ̤ /ɺɵ̤/
they (feminine)
bě /ɓɤ/
them (feminine)
ye /ʎɘ/
their, theirs (feminine)
xa /χæ/
to them (feminine)
 

Verbs

Present No affix
rɵ̤thelho /ɺɵ̤ˈθɘɮɑ/
Past Suffix -ʈɑ
rɵ̤thelhoto /ˈɺɵ̤θɘˌɮɑʈɑ/
Future Suffix -ɬæ
rɵ̤thelhola /ɺɵ̤ˈθɘɮɑˌɬæ/

 

Imperfective aspect

The ‘imperfective’ aspect refers to ongoing actions, such as I am studying,
and habitual actions, such as I study (every night).

It is indicated with the affix:

Imperfect Suffix -ʘɤ
rɵ̤thelhoʘě /ɺɵ̤ˈθɘɮɑˌʘɤ/

 

Perfect aspect

Perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’,
which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken
but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.

In ʘexethěian, the perfect is constructed with the word for ‘finish’ θɑŋɵ̤ + present tense of the verb.  

Derivational morphology

Adjective → adverb = Prefix ʎɵ̤-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix ɬæ-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix ʘʌ-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix ʘɑ-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix ɓɵ̤-
Noun → verb (to create [noun]) = Prefix ŋɑ-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix ʎɤ-
Verb → adjective (likely to do [verb]) = Prefix ɺɵ̤-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Prefix ʘɑ-
Verb → noun that verb physically produces (e.g. build → building) = Prefix ʎɘ-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix ɺɤ-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix ɬæ-
Diminutive = Prefix ʈʌ-
Augmentative = Prefix ʎɵ̤-

Ones of the most difficult pieces to translate. Due to the lack of texts and speakers to examine it was near impossible to rebuild.
— Archivist Renna 

Dictionary

4345 Words.
Common Phrases
Light protect you rixenge xoru la   Mother keep you safe oto buxi   Strong Insult bɵ̤ ara

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