Ofyqsi Language in Elmaloris | World Anvil


The tongue of the Leonine people.

Natively known as: ofyqsi /ofikˈsɪ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
bekhshad ma durmed dasrer basb rukshamaj bekhshad nibugim basb khunechiq takhda khangli ibtega
Pronunciation: /bɛkhˈʃɑd mɑ dʌɹˈmɛd dɑˈsɹɛɹ bɑsb ɹʌkʃɑˈmɑʤ bɛkhˈʃɑd nɪbʌˈgɪm bɑsb khʌnɛˈʧɪk tɑkhˈdɑ khɑˈŋlɪ ɪbtɛˈgɑ/
Ofyqsi word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v z
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Stop p b t d c k g q
Fricative f v s z h
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Vowel inventory: a e i o u y
Front Back
High i y u
High-mid e o
Low a
Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Ultimate — stress is on the last syllable ?   Sound changes (in order of application):  
  • a → ɑ
  • bb → b
  • b → b
  • ch → ʧ
  • c → k
  • d → d
  • e → ɛ
  • ff → f
  • f → f
  • gg → g
  • g → g
  • h → h
  • i → ɪ
  • j → ʤ
  • kk → k
  • k → k
  • ll → l
  • l → l
  • m → m
  • ng → ŋ
  • nn → n
  • n → n
  • o → o
  • p → p
  • q → k
  • rr → ʀ
  • r → ɹ
  • sh → ʃ
  • ss → s
  • s → s
  • th → θ
  • t → t
  • u → ʌ
  • v → v
  • w → w
  • x → ks
  • y → i
  • z → z
  Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ɑ a
b b
ʧ ch
d d
ɛ e
f f
g g
h h
i i
ɪ i
ʤ j
k k
l l
m m
ŋ ng
n n
o o
p p
ɹ r
ʃ sh
s s
θ th
t t
ʌ u
v v
w w
z z


  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions ?  


Singular Prefix ny-
nyulpin /niʌlˈpɪn/ dog
Plural No affix
ulpin /ʌlˈpɪn/ dogs


Definite Indefinite
Singular sharril /ʃɑˈʀɪl/ the tehrnahr /tɛˈhɹnɑhɹ/ a
Plural ablsangsy /ɑblsɑŋˈsi/ the ghu /ghʌ/ some
Uses of definite article that differ from English:
  • Definite article can be omitted: ‘I am going to supermarket’
  • Not used for mass (uncountable) nouns: ‘Walking in the mud’ would always translate to ‘Walking in mud’.
  • Used for personal names in third person: ‘The Maria has left for school’
  • Used for languages: ‘The English’


1st singular uch /ʌʧ/ I, me, mine
2nd singular cha /ʧɑ/ you, yours
3rd singular masc ma /mɑ/ he, him, his, it (masc), its (masc)
3rd singular fem ob /ob/ she, her, hers, it (fem), its (fem)
1st plural inclusive lu /lʌ/ we (including you), us (including you), ours (including you)
1st plural exclusive ik /ɪk/ we (excluding you), us (excluding you), ours (excluding you)
2nd plural o /o/ you all, yours (pl)
3rd plural u /ʌ/ they, them, theirs

Possessive determiners

1st singular e /ɛ/ my
2nd singular qakh /kɑkh/ your
3rd singular masc basb /bɑsb/ his
3rd singular fem ys /is/ her
1st plural inclusive se /sɛ/ our (including you)
1st plural exclusive u /ʌ/ our (excluding you)
2nd plural a /ɑ/ your (pl)
3rd plural i /ɪ/ their


Present No affix
mur /mʌɹ/ learn
Past Suffix -uk
muruk /mʌˈɹʌk/ learned
Remote past Suffix -ob
murob /mʌˈɹob/ learned (long ago)
Ofyqsi uses a standalone particle word for future tense:
Future Particle before the verb: eh -
eh mur /ɛh mʌɹ/ will learn

Imperfective aspect

  The ‘imperfective’ aspect refers to ongoing actions, such as I am learning and habitual actions, such as I learn (something new every day).
Ofyqsi uses an affix for imperfective:
Imperfective If ends with vowel: Suffix -p
Else: Suffix -e
mure /mʌˈɹɛ/ learns/is learning

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.
Ofyqsi uses an affix for the perfect aspect:
Perfect Prefix sho-
shomur /ʃoˈmʌɹ/ have learned


  Ofyqsi has a base-10 number system:   1 - lafon
2 - dungdy
3 - ydkalo
4 - fohah
5 - ymnersshi
6 - akeblan
7 - fykhbyngry
8 - rohuf
9 - kefaegh
10 - chiun
100 - podir
1000 - pash

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Prefix gu-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix cho-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -agh
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix py-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -b
Else: Suffix -u
Noun to verb = Prefix ha-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -r
Else: Suffix -u
Tending to = Prefix qa-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -ys
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -ish
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix la-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Suffix -et
Diminutive = Prefix fo-
Augmentative = If ends with vowel: Suffix -v
Else: Suffix -o


3109 Words.