Titular King of Dunedor grants the Duchy of Fordandor to a Formened chieftain to act as a buffer from the attacks of other Formened raiders.
Conservative lines inherit both the Caliphate of Lagash and of the Caliphate of Shuzia. The Caliphates close the trade routes to the "infidels". The Emperor of Chazia and Patriarch of Chazia offer religious concessions to the Emperor of Urbia and Patriarch of Urbia in exchange for military aid. The Great Crusade begins. Macira, Ebbud, and the mouths of the Pigris River and Kalish River are taken, but not the Alik Plateau. The Chazian Empire claims this as the reason not to grant concessions.
Urbian kingdoms in Lagia and Meridia are threatened by resurgent Lagic power. Their call for help is answered by the Second Crusade. This fails to preserve the Kingdoms due to infighting among the westerners and the readiness of the Lagic Caliphs.
The High King of Tolpereth attempts to gain the Crown of the Kingdom of Dunedor by conquest. He cannot take the Duchy of Dunedor and the Duchy of Keldony, the Duchy of Forndandor is captured, and the Duke of Ivenia defects to the King of Dunedor.