The human body has four limbs - two upper limbs (arms, forearms, hands), two lower limbs (thighs, legs, feet) - connected to the trunk, respectively, through the shoulder girdle and the pelvic girdle. At the top, the Neck supports the Head. The human skeleton constitutes the “architectural framework” of the human body. Modeled by soft tissues (muscles, viscera, adipose tissue, etc.), it determines their shape.
Genetics and Reproduction
Puberty begins on average around the age of 12 to 15 years. Menarche occurs in young girls around the age of 11. The ovarian cycle lasts about 28 days and is marked by menstruation. Unlike most female primates, the female does not show heat and the period of best fertility is therefore not directly detectable by the males.
Growth Rate & Stages
Gestation is called pregnancy and lasts about nine months. A pregnant woman is said to be pregnant. Pregnancy is most often monoembryonic, although one in forty pregnancies is twins. Parturition is called childbirth. Childbirth is most often painful due to uterine contractions, dilation of the cervix and perineal distension. At birth, the baby is completely dependent on its mother, which is a notable difference from other hominids.
The mother can breastfeed her child for several years, exclusive breastfeeding covering all of her needs until she is 6 months old, when the start of food diversification generally begins. Homo sapiens generally rears offspring at least until puberty. The young are born with a mass around 3 kg, and a size of around 50 to 60 cm, after a gestation of nine months. They are completely dependent at birth, and their growth lasts several years. Sexual maturity occurs between 12 and 15 years old. Growth in boys often continues until around 18 years of age (growth ends around 21-25 years with solidification of the collarbone).
Dietary Needs and Habits
In a balanced diet of an adult who expends 2000 kcal / day, the recommended nutritional intakes for energy8 are on average an intake of 1 g of protein per kg of body mass (including 50% of animal origin). and 50% of plant origin), i.e. 12 to 16% of Total Energy Intake (AET), a lipid contribution of 35 to 40% of AET (of which 1/3 of animal origin and 2/3 of plant origin) and a carbohydrate intake of 50 to 55% of the AET (of which 55% of complex carbohydrates and 45% of simple sugars).
The establishment of the Universal Republican Revenue Guarantee (URRG) guaranteeing a comfortable income for each citizen due to the automation of all disciplines in the primary sectors and the vast majority in the secondary sectors has led to an eradication of inequalities. Today, even if there is a tiny part of the population with a certain social prestige and an economic power a bit more consequent in particular by the positions which they occupy. Their political power is however the same as all the other citizens of the Republic and the system of redistribution of the wealth of the Republic has made it possible to reduce this gap to a minimum.
The head is a part of the anatomy of an animal, located in the front of the body and generally grouping together many sensory organs such as the eyes, antennae, ears, olfactory receptors, the mouth, the organs of chewing and predation (teeth, labium, tongue, chelicerae, beak ...). It is eventually separated from the rest of the body by a constriction called the neck.
Geographic Origin and Distribution
From their earthly cradle, humans have spread throughout the Alpha and Beta quadrant of the Milky Way but almost all of them are concentrated within the Republic of Planets because it is the main political entity that represents them. However, a small human diaspora has settled within the Zelvan Council and the Myrran Trade Union due to the free movement of people within the Alliance of Alpha Quadrant.
Of all the central nervous system animals, humans are probably the ones with the most developed and efficient brains. Its only rivals in this area are certain cetaceans. More precisely, we can say that since the middle of the 20th century, Homo sapiens has been able to understand all the rules that govern the organization of the visible world. The cognitive capacities of the human being allow him to be aware of himself. Like some other animal species, it consistently passes the mirror test. Due to technological advances, several methods that are distributed free of charge within the Republic can boost the skills of the human brain, especially the chips being used there. The average IQ in the Republic is now 135.
Perception and Sensory Capabilities
Humans have five senses to perceive their environment, interact with other humans and animals, and experience different sensations. Each sense plays a fundamental role in our body, is linked to the cells with which they act in front of determined stimuli to transmit to our brain the information they perceive and transform them into sensations.
Another of the five senses is the sense of hearing. Located in the ear, it is thanks to hearing that we are able to perceive the sounds of our environment. Composed of external, average and internal hearing, this sense captures the vibrations of our environment to transmit them via the auditory nerve, to our brain that will convert them into sounds.
The sense of taste is the one that lets us know that a chocolate cake is delicious or that a remedy is bitter. Thanks to the taste buds placed in our tongue, we can perceive sweet, salty, bitter and acidic foods, and through this sensation (and again with the help of the brain) interpret their taste. We can thus say that something pleases or displeases us.
The sense of touch that perceives through the largest organ in the entire human body: the skin. Through touch we can feel the texture, temperature, and state of things we touch. This way we know if something is smooth, rough, cold or hot, solid or liquid, etc.
The sense of smell is a sense through which we perceive smells. The organ that allows us to smell everything around us is the nose, thanks to the nasal mucous membranes, which pick up odors and send information to our brain, which interprets and analyzes it to tell us that it is smelling something. Our brain sends information about an aroma that we will find pleasant or not.
The sense of sight is most developed in humans. Unlike many animals, we have the ability to detect objects at long and short distances and to see with little or a lot of light. The organ responsible for vision is the eye, which is made up of various parts and is able to catch light by sending it to the brain so that it can interpret all these objects around us. So human beings are able to see and use this sense to navigate and go where they want.
Civilization and Culture
Human names are usually made up of two names, the first is the first name that is given by the parents at birth, the second is the last name that comes from one of the two parents. This configuration may however vary depending on the ethnic origins of the person, especially with Asian and African names which may contain compound names for their first names or their family names.
The major organization of this species is the Federal Republic whose capital is the cradle of humanity, this organizations is the result of the expansion of humans in the galaxy since the discovery of the wormhole network. It is this organization that represents and defends the human interests within the galaxy, it is also one of the galaxy's great powers which allows the humans to have a great influence on galactic geopolitics. To a lesser extent, the State of Athorix is also a state that represents humanity, but it is under the influence of the Federal Republic and does not really play in galactic affairs.
Average Technological Level
Humanity is today made a type two civilization and many scientific discoveries over the centuries have propelled it to a new level of development. The modern medicine allows, among other things thanks to genetic engineering to eradicate genetic diseases because doctors can modify the DNA of the fetus before birth. Cancer is cured as easily as the common cold with the use of injections of nanorobots which remove cancer cells, which are then rejected by the body naturally. Life expectancy is around 151 years due to pills that replace cells that have been poorly copied by the body over time and bionic organs.
Citizens also have access to holographic watches which give them their health status live. The communications and the diffusion of informations are done by the Republican Space Network (RSN). It is a platform where citizens and news channels can deposit content on the events of the galaxy or on anything else. The development of artificial intelligence led to the replacement of human labor by robots in many fields which required little skill such as resource extraction, customer service and industrial production to name a few but some areas have been blocked with artificial intelligence to avoid destroying all jobs. The use of bionic prosthesis for the replacement of defective or damaged organ is widespread but the use of it is regulated.
Major Language Groups and Dialects
English, Mandarin, Arabic, Spanish, French and standard Hindi are today the most widespread mother languages as well as the common language which is used by the business community, the administration, the armed forces and the government which has made it the six official language of the Republic. However, many other dialects originating from Earth are still used by certain communities who use them in on a personal level.
Culture and Cultural Heritage
Human culture is an amalgamation of hundreds of cultures from Earth which have mingled over time as communication networks have evolved and genetic intermingling has fostered a cultural exchange that has gradually led to creation principles common to mankind. After the founding of the Solar Confederation, the removal of borders on Earth greatly contributed to cultural mixing and the invention of quantum drive in 2144 allowed a much greater cultural mix between the different cultures of humanity leading to the cultural unification of the humanity. However, we still notice today that Western and Asian cultures are the most visible cultures within the Republic because they were the most important groups in terms of population at the time of the Solar Era.
From their beginning in Africa, humans spread across this continent and all over planet Earth until the founding of the first civilizations in the Fertile Crescent which were made possible by the discovery of fire and agriculture, humans have come a long way. Over the next few thousand years after their sedentarization, human societies will slowly grow to become more and more complex. Technological progress will explode which will allow humanity to acquire even more technology until their planetary unification. Following this, humanity will quietly conquer the entire solar system, even more with the discovery of Alcubian Drive in 2144. After the discovery of the wormholes, humans will quietly expand into the galaxy under the banner of the Federal Republic.
Interspecies Relations and Assumptions
Humans are very welcoming of the other intelligent species in the galaxy, most of the civilizations they have encountered today have cordial or friendly relations with the Federal Republic, the united government of mankind. For pre-sapient species, republican law protects these species by prohibits terraforming and ressources exploitation on planets that contain them.
Homo sapiens sapiens
African continent on Earth
1.6 - 2.1 meters
55 - 75 kg
Humans are able, occasionally and depending on the situation, to crawl, climb, jump. Man also seems to have natural predispositions to swimming (absence of hairiness, perfect tightness of closed lips, horizontality of the nasal cavities, effective control of breathing, etc.), and even to apnea: for example, he manifests a bradycardia reflex when submerged, and his lungs can receive an additional influx of blood to compensate for the excess pressure from thirty meters. Humans are particularly suited to throwing various projectiles, especially compared to other hominids. According to researchers at Harvard University81, this exceptional aptitude results from developments specific to human anatomy: the existence of a flexible waist between the pelvis and the rib cage, the low positioning of the shoulders, and a slight twist. humerus. Bionic members within the Republic for people who have suffered a serious injury confuse the issue a bit because they are extremely capable. Humans today generally have slender and athletic bodies due to the fact that a large portion of them do not work out which leaves them time to play sports.
Body Tint, Colouring and Marking
The color of human skin presents a great variety (black, brown, beige or very light pink), linked to the more or less abundant presence of melanin, a brown pigment that filters ultraviolet rays. Human skin is darker in the intertropical zone. This variety of pigmentation is a genetic adaptation to differences in sunlight according to geographic areas.