Shigu Language in Elmaloris | World Anvil


Natively known as: shigu /ˈʃɪgʌ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
ruken gushi oj me shiangu agguni ruken me stenjin rergu stelbas jaselshi guclar
Pronunciation: /ˈɹʌkɛn ˈgʌʃɪ oʤ mɛ ʃɪˈɑŋʌ ɑˈgʌnɪ ˈɹʌkɛn mɛ ˈstɛnʤɪn ˈɹɛɹgʌ ˈstɛlbɑs ʤɑˈsɛlʃɪ ˈgʌklɑɹ/
Shiguian word order: and he stood his hat holding and his wet face turned the wind to  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b c d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v x z  
Stopp bt dck gq
Fricativef vs zxh
Lateral approximantl
  Vowel inventory: a á e i ì o ō u y  
Highi ì yu
High-mideo ō
Lowa á
  Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable ?   Sound changes (in order of application):  
  • a → ɑ
  • b → b
  • ch → ʧ
  • c → k
  • drr → dʀ / _V
  • drr → dəʀ
  • dr → dʀ / _V
  • dr → dəʀ
  • d → d
  • e → ɛ
  • f → f
  • gg → g
  • g → g
  • h → h
  • i → ɪ
  • j → ʤ
  • kk → k
  • k → k
  • ll → l
  • l → l
  • m → m
  • ng → ŋ
  • nn → n
  • n → n
  • o → o
  • p → p
  • q → k
  • rr → ʀ
  • r → ɹ
  • sh → ʃ
  • s → s
  • th → θ
  • t → t
  • u → ʌ
  • v → v
  • w → w
  • x → ks
  • y → i
  • z → z
  Spelling rules:  


  Main word order: Subject Object Verb (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary the door opened with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: postpositions ?  


  Nouns have two cases:
  • Ergative is the doer of a verb, when the verb is done to something: dog bites man.
  • Absolutive is used in two scenarios: the doer of a verb when not done to something (dog bites), and the done-to of a verb (man bites dog).
  Nouns have both a plural affix and ‘paucal’ affix for referring to a few of something.
ErgativeIf ends with vowel: Suffix -b
Else: Suffix -i
dricizi /dʀɪˈkɪzɪ/ dog (doing a transitive verb)
AbsolutiveNo affix
driciz /ˈdʀɪkɪz/ dog (doing an intransitive verb)
SingularNo affix
driciz /ˈdʀɪkɪz/ dog
PluralSuffix -udr
dricizudr /ˌdʀɪkɪˈzʌdəʀ/ dogs
PaucalSuffix -es
dricizes /dʀɪˈkɪzɛs/ few dogs


Definitee /ɛ/ the
Indefiniteil /ɪl/ a, some
  Uses of definite article that differ from English:
  • Definite article can be omitted: ‘I am going to supermarket’
  • Used to talk about countable nouns in general: English’s ‘I like cats’ would translate to ‘I like the cats’
  • Not used for mass (uncountable) nouns: ‘Walking in the mud’ would always translate to ‘Walking in mud’.
  Uses of indefinite article that differ from English:
  • Not used for non-specific countable nouns: non-specific means ‘I am looking for a (any) girl in a red dress’, whereas specific means ‘I am looking for a (particular) girl in a red dress’


1st singularranvih /ˈɹɑnvɪh/ I guka /ˈgʌkɑ/ me
2nd singularqok /kok/ you gu /gʌ/ you
3rd singular mascgushi /ˈgʌʃɪ/ he, it (masc) shi /ʃɪ/ his, it (masc)
3rd singular feman /ɑn/ she, it (fem) guis /ˈgʌɪs/ her, it (fem)
1st pluralmalna /ˈmɑlnɑ/ we si /sɪ/ us
2nd pluralis /ɪs/ you all guspar /ˈgʌspɑɹ/ you all
3rd pluralshigu /ˈʃɪgʌ/ they men /mɛn/ them

Possessive determiners

1st singularshi /ʃɪ/ my
2nd singularyk /ik/ your
3rd singular mascme /mɛ/ his
3rd singular femnes /nɛs/ her
1st pluralba /bɑ/ our
2nd pluralkak /kɑk/ your (pl)
3rd pluraldrank /dʀɑnk/ their


PresentNo affix
ceycl /ˈkɛikl/ learn
PastIf ends with vowel: Suffix -sp
Else: Suffix -e
ceycle /kɛˈiklɛ/ learned
Remote pastPrefix da-
daceycl /dɑˈkɛikl/ learned (long ago)
FuturePrefix va-
vaceycl /vɑˈkɛikl/ will learn

Progressive aspect

  The ‘progressive’ aspect refers to actions that are happening at the time of speaking, such as I am learning.
Shiguian uses an affix for progressive:  
ProgressiveSuffix -it
ceyclit /kɛˈiklɪt/ is learning

Habitual aspect

  The ‘habitual’ aspect refers to actions that happen habitually, such as I learn (something new every day), as opposed to actions that happen once (I learned something).
Shiguian uses an affix for habitual:
HabitualSuffix -am
ceyclam /kɛˈiklɑm/ learns

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.
Shiguian uses an affix for the perfect aspect:  
PerfectSuffix -al
ceyclal /kɛˈiklɑl/ have learned


  Shiguian has a base-20 number system:   1 - gugu
2 - kis
3 - clavilad
4 - hin
5 - shi
6 - sik
7 - stashi
8 - ensus
9 - gushiok
10 - narr
11 - gugushi
12 - shiha
13 - lizzon
14 - gugugu
15 - rurergt
16 - qesshiqar
17 - avl
18 - katlos
19 - casshi
20 - vonagu
400 - gansinevl
8000 - jembres

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Prefix zu-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix ja-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -ann
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -el
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix te-
Noun to verb = Prefix ky-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -r
Else: Suffix -a
Tending to = Suffix -uh
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nn
Else: Suffix -y
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Prefix re-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -k
Else: Suffix -a
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix du-
Diminutive = Prefix ra-
Augmentative = If ends with vowel: Suffix -r
Else: Suffix -a


3143 Words.