Ignan Language in Elmaloris | World Anvil


Natively known as: setuvbu /sɛtʌvˈbʌ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
wyrbafa i ky byjky vit mimldytr wyrbafa fuh vit hikakirh hydramlhamr getel ecvu
Pronunciation: /wiɹbɑˈfɑ ɪ ki biʤˈki vɪt mɪˈmlditɹ wiɹbɑˈfɑ fʌh vɪt hɪkɑˈkɪɹh hidɹɑˈmlhɑmɹ gɛˈtɛl ɛkˈvʌ/
Setuvbuian word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b c d f g h j k l m n q r s t v w z
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Stop b t d c k g q
Fricative f v s z h
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Labial-velar
Approximant w
Vowel inventory: a e i u y
Front Back
High i y u
High-mid e
Low a
Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Ultimate — stress is on the last syllable ?   Sound changes (in order of application):  
  • a → ɑ
  • bb → b
  • b → b
  • ch → ʧ
  • c → k
  • d → d
  • e → ɛ
  • ff → f
  • f → f
  • gg → g
  • g → g
  • h → h
  • i → ɪ
  • j → ʤ
  • kk → k
  • k → k
  • ll → l
  • l → l
  • m → m
  • ng → ŋ
  • nn → n
  • n → n
  • o → o
  • p → p
  • q → k
  • r → ɹ
  • sh → ʃ
  • ss → s
  • s → s
  • th → θ
  • t → t
  • u → ʌ
  • v → v
  • w → w
  • x → ks
  • y → i
  • z → z
  Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ɑ a
b b
ʧ ch
d d
ɛ e
f f
g g
h h
i i
ɪ i
ʤ j
k k
l l
m m
ŋ ng
n n
o o
p p
ɹ r
ʃ sh
s s
θ th
t t
ʌ u
v v
w w
x ks
z z


  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions ?  


Singular No affix
cuwy /kʌˈwi/ dog
Plural If ends with vowel: Suffix -z
Else: Suffix -y
cuwyz /kʌˈwiz/ dogs


Definite Indefinite
Singular hegim /hɛˈgɪm/ the eqmy /ɛkˈmi/ a
Plural usvede /ʌsvɛˈdɛ/ the zywy /ziˈwi/ some
Uses of definite article that differ from English:
  • Used for personal names in third person: ‘The Maria has left for school’
  • Used with place names: ‘The London’
  Uses of indefinite article that differ from English:
  • Not used for non-specific mass (uncountable) nouns: non-specific means ‘Would you like some (any) tea?’ whereas specific means ‘Some tea (a specific amount) fell off the truck’


1st singular ew /ɛw/ I, me, mine
2nd singular u /ʌ/ you, yours
3rd singular y /i/ he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its
1st plural ha /hɑ/ we, us, ours
2nd plural a /ɑ/ you all, yours (pl)
3rd plural vetr /vɛtɹ/ they, them, theirs

Possessive determiners

1st singular a /ɑ/ my
2nd singular za /zɑ/ your
3rd singular vyt /vit/ his, her, its
1st plural e /ɛ/ our
2nd plural u /ʌ/ your (pl)
3rd plural y /i/ their


Present Past Future
1st singular Prefix gy-
gycesam /gikɛˈsɑm/ (I) learn
If ends with vowel: Suffix -c
Else: Suffix -a
cesama /kɛsɑˈmɑ/ (I) learned
Prefix ne-
necesam /nɛkɛˈsɑm/ (I) will learn
2nd singular Suffix -ug
cesamug /kɛsɑˈmʌg/ (you) learn
Prefix ra-
racesam /ɹɑkɛˈsɑm/ (you) learned
Prefix me-
mecesam /mɛkɛˈsɑm/ (you) will learn
3rd singular Prefix ji-
jicesam /ʤɪkɛˈsɑm/ (he/she/it) learns
Prefix dy-
dycesam /dikɛˈsɑm/ (he/she/it) learned
Prefix qu-
qucesam /kʌkɛˈsɑm/ (he/she/it) will learn
1st plural Prefix my-
mycesam /mikɛˈsɑm/ (we) learn
Prefix vy-
vycesam /vikɛˈsɑm/ (we) learned
Prefix qi-
qicesam /kɪkɛˈsɑm/ (we) will learn
2nd plural If ends with vowel: Suffix -k
Else: Suffix -a
cesama /kɛsɑˈmɑ/ (you all) learn
Suffix -az
cesamaz /kɛsɑˈmɑz/ (you all) learned
Prefix ci-
cicesam /kɪkɛˈsɑm/ (you all) will learn
3rd plural Suffix -es
cesames /kɛsɑˈmɛs/ (they) learn
Suffix -uh
cesamuh /kɛsɑˈmʌh/ (they) learned
If ends with vowel: Suffix -z
Else: Suffix -i
cesami /kɛsɑˈmɪ/ (they) will learn

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.
Setuvbuian uses an affix for the perfect aspect:
Perfect Prefix gu-
gucesam /gʌkɛˈsɑm/ have learned


  Setuvbuian has a base-20 number system:   1 - dake
2 - sujug
3 - sytim
4 - qycythfarh
5 - keqyg
6 - jeuhva
7 - bahenr
8 - cacyqhhuml
9 - kydyth
10 - yr
11 - usyk
12 - genuqh
13 - cidan
14 - ih
15 - cytwyq
16 - bu
17 - qakwer
18 - racycuh
19 - hy
20 - ze
400 - gygak
8000 - qujet

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Prefix ba-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix he-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix si-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -aj
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix ve-
Noun to verb = Prefix gu-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -ak
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -m
Else: Suffix -e
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -b
Else: Suffix -i
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -in
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -q
Else: Suffix -a
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix ju-
Diminutive = Prefix qa-
Augmentative = Prefix ha-


3114 Words.