Hokenian Language in Elmaloris | World Anvil


Known to some as 'common', this is the most common language worldwide.

Natively known as: hokeni /hoˈkɛnɪ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
yshuthon shon mukih ifr shon henand yshuthon omfrorom shon shalhar shenthot shatek friun
Pronunciation: /iˈʃʌθon ʃon ˈmʌkɪh ɪfɹ ʃon ˈhɛnɑnd iˈʃʌθon omˈfɹoɹom ʃon ˈʃɑlhɑɹ ˈʃɛnθot ˈʃɑtɛk ˈfɹɪʌn/
Hokenian word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: d f h k l m n r s t v
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Stop t d k
Fricative f v s h
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Vowel inventory: a e i o u y
Front Back
High i y u
High-mid e o
Low a
Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable ?   Sound changes (in order of application):  
  • a → ɑ
  • bb → b
  • b → b
  • ch → ʧ
  • c → k
  • d → d
  • e → ɛ
  • ff → f
  • f → f
  • gg → g
  • g → g
  • h → h
  • i → ɪ
  • j → ʤ
  • kk → k
  • k → k
  • ll → l
  • l → l
  • m → m
  • ng → ŋ
  • nn → n
  • n → n
  • o → o
  • p → p
  • q → k
  • r → ɹ
  • sh → ʃ
  • ss → s
  • s → s
  • th → θ
  • t → t
  • u → ʌ
  • v → v
  • w → w
  • x → ks
  • y → i
  • z → z
  Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ɑ a
b b
ʧ ch
d d
ɛ e
f f
g g
h h
i i
ɪ i
ʤ j
k k
l l
m m
ŋ ng
n n
o o
p p
ɹ r
ʃ sh
s s
θ th
t t
ʌ u
v v
w w
x ks
z z


  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions ?  


Singular No affix
nurstoh /ˈnʌɹstoh/ dog
Plural Prefix no-
nonurstoh /noˈnʌɹstoh/ dogs


  Hokenian has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.


1st singular e /ɛ/ I, me, mine
2nd singular ten /tɛn/ you, yours
3rd singular shon /ʃon/ he, him, his, she, her, hers, it, its
1st plural o /o/ we, us, ours
2nd plural ma /mɑ/ you all, yours (pl)
3rd plural fri /fɹɪ/ they, them, theirs

Possessive determiners

1st singular e /ɛ/ my
2nd singular ten /tɛn/ your
3rd singular shon /ʃon/ his, her, its
1st plural o /o/ our
2nd plural ma /mɑ/ your (pl)
3rd plural fri /fɹɪ/ their


Singular Plural
Present No affix
fryshushar /fɹiˈʃʌʃɑɹ/ (I/you/he/she/it) learn(s)
Prefix nu-
nufryshushar /ˌnʌfɹiˈʃʌʃɑɹ/ (we/you all/they) learn
Past Prefix ma-
mafryshushar /ˌmɑfɹiˈʃʌʃɑɹ/ (I/you/he/she/it) learned
If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -u
fryshusharu /ˌfɹiʃʌˈʃɑɹʌ/ (we/you all/they) learned
Future Suffix -it
fryshusharit /ˌfɹiʃʌˈʃɑɹɪt/ (I/you/he/she/it) will learn
Suffix -ym
fryshusharym /ˌfɹiʃʌˈʃɑɹim/ (we/you all/they) will learn

Imperfective aspect

  The ‘imperfective’ aspect refers to ongoing actions, such as I am learning and habitual actions, such as I learn (something new every day).
Hokenian uses an affix for imperfective:
Imperfective If ends with vowel: Suffix -m
Else: Suffix -i
fryshushari /ˌfɹiʃʌˈʃɑɹɪ/ learns/is learning


  Hokenian has a base-10 number system:   1 - hi
2 - honeran
3 - merstme
4 - sho
5 - sholerst
6 - enafrfrun
7 - ofrifr
8 - ta
9 - frynar
10 - emnito
100 - frakhorstta
1000 - nikifr

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If ends with vowel: Suffix -fr
Else: Suffix -e
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -in
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix ny-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -h
Else: Suffix -a
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Suffix -yfr
Noun to verb = Suffix -un
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -sh
Else: Suffix -e
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -i
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -um
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -um
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix te-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix ni-
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -fr
Else: Suffix -e
Augmentative = Prefix fry-


This language becomes relevant mostly for naming and for characters that don't speak Common.


3088 Words.