A Isolated Language

  Harasaka is consider a very rare language to hear die to it only being used by the Harsakaturi on the island of Hekumate in the Davad Archipelago. The natives rarely leave the island have been known to be hostile to outsiders. Though some will trade with outsiders, making some of the traders pick up the language to better communicate with them.    

War Cries

  The Hekumate are known for another reason and it is due to a war dance they call the Mahataka, often used for frighten their enemies in battle. Combine with their language, their chanting can frighten any outsiders when they hear it spoken in their navtive tongue as if death will so come to them.  

Natively known as: Harsaka /ˈHarsaka/

  .. Those who try to change their fate will only cause it to happen even fasters...
tsâ â kigi khufodi sȟi chab’u tsâ lâ sȟi deki tsopi tishe fi
Pronunciation: /ʦə ə ˈkigi ˈxufodi ɬi ˈʧaɓu ʦə lə ɬi ˈdeki ˈʦopi ˈtiʃe fi/
Sȟinibuian word order: Those who try to change their fate will only cause it to happen even faster,  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d f g h k l m n p t w x ɓ ɗ ɬ ɾ ʃ ʔ ʦ ʧ  
Stopp bt dk gʔ
Lateral fricativeɬ
Lateral approximantl
  Co-articulated phonemes  
  Vowel inventory: a e i o u ə  
  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Initial — stress is on the first syllable   Spelling rules:  


  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: postpositions  


SingularNo affix
ime /ˈime/ dog
PluralSuffix -fi
imefi /ˈimefi/ dogs


  Sȟinibuian has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.


1st singularo /o/ I tu /tu/ me
2nd singularshâ /ʃə/ you kha /xa/ you
3rd singular masc /ə/ he, it kâ /kə/ him, it
3rd singular femne /ne/ she, it ki /ki/ her, it
1st plurald’u /ɗu/ we d’e /ɗe/ us
2nd pluraltsi /ʦi/ you all mâ /mə/ you all
3rd pluralwa /wa/ they u /u/ them

Possessive determiners

1st singulargi /gi/ my
2nd singularshi /ʃi/ your
3rd singular mascsȟi /ɬi/ his
3rd singular femsȟa /ɬa/ her
1st pluralki /ki/ our
2nd plurallo /lo/ your (pl)
3rd pluralma /ma/ their


1st singularSuffix -mo
kebemo /ˈkebemo/ (I) will learn
2nd singularSuffix -ʦa
kebetsa /ˈkebeʦa/ (you) will learn
3rd singularSuffix -ɓe
kebeb’e /ˈkebeɓe/ (he/she/it) will learn
1st pluralSuffix -lo
kebelo /ˈkebelo/ (we) will learn
2nd pluralSuffix -go
kebego /ˈkebego/ (you all) will learn
3rd pluralSuffix -fi
kebefi /ˈkebefi/ (they) will learn
  Sȟinibuian uses a standalone particle word for past tense:
PastParticle before the verb: ʧo -
cho kebe /ʧo ˈkebe/ learned

Progressive aspect

  The ‘progressive’ aspect refers to actions that are happening at the time of speaking, such as I am learning.
Sȟinibuian uses a standalone particle word for progressive:  
ProgressiveParticle before the verb: gu -
gu kebe /gu ˈkebe/ is learning

Habitual aspect

  The ‘habitual’ aspect refers to actions that happen habitually, such as I learn (something new every day), as opposed to actions that happen once (I learned something).
Sȟinibuian uses a standalone particle word for habitual:
HabitualParticle before the verb: hi -
hi kebe /hi ˈkebe/ learns

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.
Sȟinibuian uses an affix for the perfect aspect:  
PerfectReduplicate whole word
kebekebe /ˈkebeˌkebe/ have learned


  Harsaka has a base-10 number system:   1 - lib’o
2 - d’i
3 - to
4 - re
5 - na
6 - no
7 - fuho
8 - ge
9 - kâlâ
10 - nâgine
Hundred - khed’o
Thousand - nu  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Suffix -be
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -wa
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -ʦə
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -fu
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Suffix -ɬe
Noun to verb = Suffix -ge
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -ɬu
Tending to = Suffix -ʃi
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -ge
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -gi
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -ʧo
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Suffix -go
Diminutive = Suffix -ge
Augmentative = Suffix -ʃi


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