The Gachdak Language
Natively known as: Vem gæcdæk /ˈgæʧdæk/
OverviewGachdak is the language spoken throughout The Realm. It was also the language of The Ancestor Civilization.
There are no sounds in Gachdak that a native English speaker cannot pronounce. Gachdak has roughly the same vowels as English, but a smaller number of consonants. In Gachdak, some consonants can only be used at the start of a syllable, and others can only be used at the end. For example, /b/ can only be used at the start of a syllable and /p/ can only be used at the end. The stress in a word is always on the second-to-last syllable.
Gachdak uses the same alphabet as English, but many of the spelling rules a different. The table below shows the pronunciation of Gachdak spelling.
Table of Letter Pronunciations
|ð - start of syllable||“th” as in “the” or “thy”|
|ð - end of syllable||“th” as in “thought” or “thigh”|
|c||“ch” as in “child”|
|æ||"a" as in "cat" or "dad"|
|ii||“ee” as in “meet” or “feet”|
|i||“i” as in “bit” or “sit”|
|ee||“ay” as in “gate” or “late”|
|e||“e” as in “bet” or “let”|
|a||“uh” as in “gonna”|
|u||“uh” as in “put” or “soot”|
|uu||“ooh” as in “loot” or “boot”|
|o||“aw” as in “caught” or “taught”|
|aa||“ah” as in “father”|
Gachdak grammar has many differences from English, including word order and how nouns and verbs are related to each other. One important difference is Gachdak's heavy use of compound words and prefixes. Many Gachdak words can be derived by combining two other words, or by attaching a prefix to an existing word. For example, daaba (sword) and gæc (person) become gæcdaaba (guard).
If you encounter a Gachdak word and it is not listed in the dictionary, try searching for the root word, which will be the last syllable or two. If it's still not there, let us know so we can update the dictionary!
Spelling & PhonologyConsonant inventory: b d g h j l m n s v ð ɹ
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable Sound changes (in order of application):
- n → ŋ / _g
- n → m / _b
- b → p / _C
- b → p / _#
- d → t / _C
- d → t / _#
- g → k / _C
- g → k / _#
- v → f / _C
- v → f / _#
- s → ʧ / _C
- s → ʧ / _#
- ð → θ / _C
- ð → θ / _#
- h → ∅ / _C
- h → ∅ / _#
GrammarMain word order: Subject Object (Prepositional phrase) Verb. “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary the door with a key opened.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
NounsPrefixes are applied to nouns in a specific order in Gatchdak. The first prefix applied is attached to the root,
the second prefix is attached before the first, and so on. The order of prefixes is:
Case: How the noun relates to the verb in the sentence
Possession: Whether the noun belongs to another entity
Number: Whether the noun is singular or plural
Nouns form plural with prefix:
ðinnif /ˈðɪnnɪf/ villages
Case and locationGatchdak has locative verbs which indicate location or movement, and
non-locative verbs which do not. In the case of locative verbs, locative prefixes
are used to indicate the direction or location of the action. Three special prefixes,
TO, FROM, and AT are used to indicate case for non-locative verbs.
When both a direct and indirect object are present in a phrase with a non-locative verb, the
FROM prefix will be used for the direct object. When there is only a direct object, the AT prefix
will be used. The TO prefix is always used for indirect objects.
nif /nɪf/ village (doing the verb)
|Towards (dative)||Prefix lɛv-|
lefnif /ˈlɛfnɪf/ towards or into a village
|At (accusative)||Prefix dɛn-|
dennif /ˈdɛnnɪf/ at or in a village
|From (accusative)||Prefix nɛk-|
neknif /ˈnɛknɪf/ from a village
laanif /ˈlɑnɪf/ near or around a village
yeenif /ˈjɜːnɪf/ over a village
sætnif /ˈsætnɪf/ under a village
|Definite||vem /vɛm/ the|
|Indefinite||ran /ɹʌŋ/ a, some|
- Used to talk about countable nouns in general: English’s ‘I like cats’ would translate to ‘I like the cats’
- Not used for mass (uncountable) nouns: ‘Walking in the mud’ would always translate to ‘Walking in mud’.
- Used for languages: ‘The English’
- Used with place names: ‘The London’
- Not used for non-specific countable nouns: non-specific means ‘I am looking for a (any) girl in a red dress’, whereas specific means ‘I am looking for a (particular) girl in a red dress’
|1st singular||ruu /ɹuː/ I||lee /lɜː/ me|
|2nd singular||duuf /duːf/ you||ðif /ðɪf/ you|
|3rd singular masc||yen /jɛn/ he||nin /nɪn/ him|
|3rd singular fem||raa /ɹɑ/ she||vut /vʊt/ her|
|1st plural||ðæp /ðæp/ we||yæch /jæʧ/ us|
|2nd plural||vim /vɪm/ you all||mæk /mæk/ you all|
|3rd plural||ler /lɛɹ/ they, it||lun /lʊn/ them, it|
|1st singular||Prefix ðɛt-|
ðetræn /ˈðɛtræn/ my friend
|2nd singular||Prefix gæg-|
gækræn /ˈgækræn/ your friend
|3rd singular masc||Prefix lɔː-|
loræn /ˈlɔːræn/ his friend
|3rd singular fem||Prefix bʊv-|
bufræn /ˈbʊfræn/ her friend
|1st plural||Prefix ɹæɹ-|
rærræn /ˈɹæɹræn/ our friend
|2nd plural||Prefix gæn-|
gænræn /ˈgænræn/ your (pl) friend
|3rd plural||Prefix bæl-|
bælræn /ˈbælræn/ their friend
VerbsGatchdak applies prefixes to verbs in a specific order. First the tense is applied, adjacent to the root,
and then the aspect is applied before the tense, then the mood is applied before the aspect (if applicable).
Verb tense is used to indicate when in time an action occurred.
dæk /dæk/ talk
yundæk /ˈjʊndæk/ talked
|Remote past||Prefix dɪn-|
dindæk /ˈdɪndæk/ talked (long ago)
rildæk /ˈɹɪldæk/ will talk
However, many often slip into it when recounting a dramatic tale of a raid or an expedition, and
some dramatic personalities will use it to relate mundane anecdotes about their lives.
AspectVerb aspect is used to demonstrate whether an action was a one-time event, or whether it is ongoing.
The ‘progressive’ aspect refers to actions that are happening at the time of speaking, such as I am learning.
The ‘habitual’ aspect refers to actions that happen habitually, such as I learn (something new every day), as
opposed to actions that happen once (I learned something).
rældæk /ˈɹældæk/ is talking
nutdæk /ˈnʊtdæk/ talks
MoodA verb's mood is used to indicate whether an action is a wish, a command, or a possibillity.
dæk /dæk/ talk
mepdæk /ˈmɛpdæk/ would talk
yeldæk /ˈjɛldæk/ talk! (command)
CausalityGatchdak uses a prefix to indicate causality in verbs. Where English speakers might say, "in order to" or
"so that", Gatchdak indicates intent with a prefix.
raadæk /ˈɹɑdæk/ in order to talk
States of beingGatchdak uses prefixes to equate nouns to adjectives ("the dog is wet"), nouns to nouns
("he is a soldier") and feelings ("he is happy")
nutyum /ˈnʊtjʊm/ is big
simræn /ˈsɪmræn/ is a friend
dersoma /dɛɹˈsɔːmʌ/ is happy
Comparisons and SuperlativesOften, two nouns and an adjective exist in a relationship together: "he is bigger than her"
or "it is as big as a cow".
Gatchdak uses prefixes to indicate comparisons:
ðiiyum /ˈðiːjʊm/ as big
hoyum /ˈhɔːjʊm/ bigger
vupyum /ˈvʊpjʊm/ biggest
|Comparitive||ræt /ɹæt/ than|
NumbersGatchdak has a base-20 number system:
1 - ron
2 - laap
3 - væch
4 - naa
5 - saa
6 - mee
7 - vaa
8 - væmba
9 - heera
10 - væda
11 - ronmæch
12 - laapmæch
13 - væchmæch
14 - naamæch
15 - saamæch
16 - meemæch
17 - vaamæch
18 - væmbamæch
19 - heeramæch
20 - sipvæda
21 - ron bil sipvæda "one and twenty"
30 - væda bil sipvæda "ten and twenty"
32 - laapmæch bil sipvæda "twelve and twenty"
40 - sipvædalaap
100 - duuða
200 - duuðalaap "hundred-two"
201 - ron bil duuðalaap “one and hundred-two”
231 - ronmæch bil sipvæda bil duuðalaap “eleven and twenty and hundred-two”
8000 - væmbasipduuða “eight-thousand”
Derivational morphologyAdjective → adverb = Prefix bæn-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix dɛp-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix bɪk-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix nɛp-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix dæl-
Noun to verb = Prefix mɛf-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix lɪs-
Tending to = Prefix bɛt-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Prefix gæf-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Prefix gɛp-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix bɛf-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix bæn-
Diminutive = Prefix mɛk-
Augmentative = Prefix sɪp-
Is animal = Prefix dɛf-
Is human = Prefix gæs-
Help = Prefix jæn-
Teen = Suffix -mæs
Receiver of = Prefix dʊj-
Is moving = Prefix jæd-
Neg = Prefix dil-