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The language of the Weinadi tribes of Wulei Ranifa, particularly the dialect of the nomadic group known as the Dheizei .  

Natively known as: Dheìẓeì /ˈðeɪʐeɪ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
ŕà da jugi puà da tino ŕà nao da juma weìdhe shuzaoeì hɔì

: /ɹɑ dæ ʤuˈgi puˈɑ dæ ˈtinʊ ɹɑ naʊ dæ ʤuˈmæ weɪˈðɛ ˈʃuzaʊeɪ hɔɪ/
Dheìẓeìian word order: and he stood holding hat his and turned his face wet the wind to  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b d f g h j k l m n p r s t v w z ð ŋ ɹ ʀ ʃ ʐ ʒ ʤ ʧ θ/
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palato-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k g
Affricate ʧ ʤ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʐ h
Approximant ɹ j
Trill r ʀ
Lateral approximant l
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Labio-velar
Approximant w
Vowel inventory: /aɪ aʊ eɪ i u æ ɑ ɔɪ ɛ ɪ ʊ ʌ/   Diphthongs: aɪ, aʊ, eɪ, ɔɪ ?
Front Back
High i u
Near-high ɪ ʊ
Low-mid ɛ ʌ
Near-low æ
Low ɑ
Syllable structure: (C)V ?   Stress pattern: No fixed stress ?
Word initial consonants: b, d, h, j, l, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, ð, ɹ, ʀ, ʃ, ʐ, ʤ, ʧ, θ
Mid-word consonants
: b, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, t, v, w, z, ð, ŋ, ɹ, ʀ, ʃ, ʐ, ʒ, ʤ, ʧ, θ
Word final consonants: N/A
Phonological changes (in order of application): ?  
  • r → t / _{i,u}
  Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
j y
æ a
ð dh
ŋ ng
ɔɪ oi
ɛ e
ʃ sh
ʊ o
ʒ zh
ʤ j
ʧ ch
θ th


  Main word order: Subject-Verb-Object-Oblique. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order
: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
: postpositions ?  


  Nouns form plural with separate plural word:
Plural hà /hɑ/ plural particle


Definite Indefinite
Singular pù /pʌ/ the veì /veɪ/ a
Plural le /lɛ/ the ẓɔì /ʐɔɪ/ some


1st singular po /pʊ/ I, me, mine
2nd singular dho /ðʊ/ you, yours
3rd singular masc da /dæ/ he, him, his
3rd singular fem dheì /ðeɪ/ she, her, hers
1st plural inclusive re /rɛ/ we, us, ours (including you)
1st plural exclusive ju /ʤu/ we, us, ours (excluding you)
2nd plural thao /θaʊ/ you (all), yours
3rd plural ya /jæ/ they, them, theirs

Possessive determiners

1st singular po /pʊ/ my
2nd singular dho /ðʊ/ your
3rd singular masc da /dæ/ his
3rd singular fem dheì /ðeɪ/ her
1st plural inclusive re /rɛ/ our (including you)
1st plural exclusive re /rɛ/ our (excluding you)
2nd plural dho /ðʊ/ your
3rd plural ya /jæ/ their


Singular Suffix -ʃɑ lengàshà /ˈlɛŋɑʃɑ/ (I/you/he/she) will study
Plural Suffix -mɑ lengàmà /ˈlɛŋɑmɑ/ (we/they) will study
Dheìẓeìian uses a standalone particle word for past tense:
Past yà /jɑ/ past particle

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present. Dheìẓeìian uses the word for ‘finish’ jukà for the perfect aspect.  


  Dheìẓeìian has a base-10 number system:   1 - be
2 - vo
3 - rà
4 - pù
5 - yà
6 - dayù
7 - a
8 - nà
9 - pì
10 - rà
11 - be ŕà rà “one and ten”
100 - aga “hundred”
101 - aga be “hundred one”
200 - vo aga
1000 - lir̈aì “thousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Suffix -fʊ
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj])
= Suffix -ki
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj])
= Suffix -daʊ
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun])
= Suffix -beɪ
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic)
= Suffix -ʃɑ
Noun → verb (to create [noun])
= Suffix -ʤɔɪ
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb])
= Suffix -hɑ
Verb → adjective (likely to do [verb])
= Suffix -ʐaʊ
Verb → noun (the act of [verb])
= Suffix -hæ
Verb → noun that verb physically produces (e.g. build → building)
= Suffix -daɪ
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter)
= Suffix -bu
Place of (e.g. wine → winery)
= Suffix -jæ
= Suffix -ku
= Suffix -ɹi


4364 Words.
Spoken by

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