Sawa Language in TAHARJIN'S FLAME | World Anvil
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Sawa

LANGUAGE FAMILY: ALABAG   # SPEAKERS / WORLD RANKING: 180K / #54   SPOKEN IN: Masatoyahi - 180K   PERIOD OF USE:   SCRIPT USED:   PARENT LANGUAGE:  
  "...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind..."   Translation: gul lang mu ipip lanogi agi gul mu monun nenote boneng e tage   Pronunciation: guɭ laŋ mu iˈpip lanoˈgi aˈgi guɭ mu moˈnun neˈnote poˈneŋ e ˈtage     Sawa word order: and he his hat holding stood and his wet face the wind to turned  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /f g k l m n p s t v ŋ ɭ/  
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarRetroflexVelar
Nasalmnŋ
Stopptk g
Fricativef vs
Lateral approximantlɭ
  Vowel inventory: /a aː à e i ì o u uː/  
FrontBack
Highi ìu uː
High-mideo
Lowa aː à
  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: No fixed stress
Word initial consonants: f, g, l, m, n, p, s, t, v
Mid-word consonants: f, g, l, m, n, p, s, t, v
Word final consonants: N/A   Phonological changes (in order of application):  
  • [+nasal] → w / [+stop]_[+stop]
  • l → h / _k
  • n → ŋ / _#
  Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
pb / #_ !_ʰ
p
ŋng
ɭl
ɾr
ʌeo
ɯ(ː)eu
ɛ(ː)ae
jy
ː
t
k
ʨʰch
ʨj
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Object (Prepositional phrase) Verb.
"Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary the door with a key opened.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: postpositions  

Nouns

  Nouns have two cases:
  • Nominative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man.
  • Accusative is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog.
NominativeNo affix lami /ˈlami/ dog (doing the verb)
AccusativePrefix ti- tilami /tiˈlami/ (verb done to) dog
   
MasculineFeminine
SingularNo affix nen /nen/ man No affix lo /lo/ woman
PluralIf ends with vowel: Suffix -ɭ Else: Suffix -iɭ nenil /ˈneniɭ/ men If ends with vowel: Suffix -t Else: Suffix -ut lot /lot/ women
 

Articles

  Sawa has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.  

Pronouns

 
NominativeAccusative
1st singulartang /taŋ/ I no /no/ me
2nd singularli /li/ you (masc) mong /moŋ/ you
3rd singular masclang /laŋ/ he, it ong /oŋ/ him, it
3rd singular femu /u/ she, it ma /ma/ her, it
1st pluralte /te/ we map /map/ us
2nd pluralvo /vo/ you all ge /ge/ you all
3rd plural mascla /la/ they (masc) al /aɭ/ them (masc)
3rd plural femti /ti/ they (fem) fan /fan/ them (fem)
 

Possessive determiners

 
1st singularge /ge/ my
2nd singularlim /lim/ your
3rd singular mascmu /mu/ his
3rd singular femi /i/ her
1st plurale /e/ our
2nd pluralteng /teŋ/ your (pl)
3rd plural mascni /ni/ their (masc)
3rd plural femtu /tu/ their (fem)
 

Verbs

 
FutureIf ends with vowel: Suffix -k Else: Suffix -ok favutok /faˈvutok/ will learn
  Sawa uses a standalone particle word for past tense:
PastParticle before the verb: la - la favut /la ˈfavut/ learned
 

Numbers

  Sawa has a base-10 number system:   1 - i
2 - ne
3 - mol
4 - lum
5 - ne
6 - lap
7 - ufal
8 - ma
9 - la
10 - sogu
11 - sogui “ten-one”
100 - moti “hundred”
101 - moti gul i “hundred and one”
200 - ne moti
1000 - mam “thousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Suffix -i
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -am
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ŋ Else: Suffix -aŋ
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix n- Else: Prefix nu-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix a-
Noun to verb = Suffix -a
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -p Else: Suffix -op
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n Else: Suffix -en
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix m- Else: Prefix ma-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -o
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -a
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Suffix -a
Diminutive = Prefix a-
Augmentative = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n Else: Suffix -in

Dictionary

4447 Words.

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