Nabongbong Language in TAHARJIN'S FLAME | World Anvil
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Nabongbong

LANGUAGE FAMILY: ALABAG   # SPEAKERS / WORLD RANKING: 50K / #73   SPOKEN IN: Jobaykal - 50K   PERIOD OF USE:   SCRIPT USED:   PARENT LANGUAGE:  
  "...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind..."   Translation: pemqilusva gi abpikenbapo ovberapo ma zesimlar pemqilusva urpo ma belkikilbe zikilion aspembare zakollar   Pronunciation: ˌpemqiˈlusva gi abˌpikenˈbapo ˌovbeˈrapo ma zeˈsimlar ˌpemqiˈlusva ˈurpo ma ˌbelkiˈkilbe ˌzikiˈlion ˌaspemˈbare zaˈkollar     Nabongbong word order: and he stood holding hat his and turned his face wet the wind to  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b g k l m n p q r s v w/  
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarVelarUvular
Nasalmn
Stopp bk gq
Fricativevs
Trillr
Lateral approximantl
  Co-articulated phonemes  
↓Manner/Place→Labial-velar
Approximantw
  Vowel inventory: /a e i o u/  
FrontBack
Highiu
High-mideo
Lowa
  Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable   Phonological changes (in order of application):  
  • i → ɐ / _m
  • v → u / V_V
  • w → ∅ / _o
  • [+nasal] → ŋ / _#
  • l → ɾ / V_V
  • s → ʤ / {i,u}_V
  • n → l / #_
  • h → ʔ / #_
  • h → ∅ / V_V
  • s → h / V_V
  • l → j / #_iC
  Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
y
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase).
"Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: postpositions  

Nouns

  Nouns have four cases:
  • Nominative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man.
  • Accusative is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog.
  • Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man.
  • Dative is the recipeint of something: man gives ball to dog.
NominativeNo affix kekapi /keˈkapi/ dog (doing the verb)
AccusativeSuffix -ig kekapiig /ˌkekaˈpiig/ (verb done to) dog
GenitiveIf starts with vowel: Prefix s- Else: Prefix si- sikekapi /ˌsikeˈkapi/ dogʼs
DativeIf ends with vowel: Suffix -s Else: Suffix -es kekapis /keˈkapis/ to (the/a) dog
   
AnimateInanimate
SingularIf ends with vowel: Suffix -g Else: Suffix -ag zaruionag /zaˌruiˈonag/ Suffix -a zorulara /ˌzoruˈlara/
PluralPrefix i- izaruion /iˌzaruˈion/ If ends with vowel: Suffix -ng Else: Suffix -ang zorularang /ˌzoruˈlarang/
 

Articles

 
Definitegi /gi/ the
Indefinitesird /sird/ a, some
 

Pronouns

 
NominativeAccusativeGenitiveDative
1st singularmgú /mgy/ I nig /nig/ me mes /mes/ mine sang /sang/ to me
2nd singularnek /nek/ you (masc) ked /ked/ you mo /mo/ yours kung /kung/ to you
3rd singular mascgi /gi/ he, it ka /ka/ him, it mi /mi/ his, its an /an/ to him, at it
3rd singular fema /a/ she, it kú /ky/ her, it ill /ill/ hers, its na /na/ to her, at it
1st pluralbú /by/ we nid /nid/ us dang /dang/ ours ni /ni/ to us
2nd pluralholl /holl/ you all pong /pong/ you all búk /byk/ yours (pl) tud /tud/ to you all
3rd pluralngin /ngin/ they ho /ho/ them nga /nga/ theirs si /si/ to them
 

Possessive determiners

 
1st singulardeng /deng/ my
2nd singularda /da/ your
3rd singular mascma /ma/ his
3rd singular femgi /gi/ her
1st pluralna /na/ our
2nd pluraltun /tun/ your (pl)
3rd pluraldant /dant/ their
 

Verbs

 
PresentNo affix valapobsinpo /vaˌlapobˈsinpo/ learn
PastSuffix -ang valapobsinpoang /ˌvalaˌpobsinˈpoang/ learned
Remote pastIf ends with vowel: Suffix -m Else: Suffix -im valapobsinpom /vaˌlapobˈsinpom/ learned (long ago)
FutureIf starts with vowel: Prefix d- Else: Prefix da- davalapobsinpo /ˌdavaˌlapobˈsinpo/ will learn
  Perfect aspect   The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.   Nabongbong uses an affix for the perfect aspect:  
PerfectIf ends with vowel: Suffix -n Else: Suffix -yn valapobsinpon /vaˌlapobˈsinpon/ have learned
 

Numbers

  Nabongbong has a base-10 number system:   1 - pe
2 - zavunlar
3 - zerumel
4 - zibalmel
5 - babokabe
6 - bareapur
7 - baeb
8 - abka
9 - bokeagqo
10 - kinbam
20 - pemqilusva
21 - pemqilusva pe “twenty and one”
400 - pe ev “one fourhundred”
401 - pe ev pe “one fourhundred one”
800 - zavunlar ev “two fourhundred”
8000 - pe eqramralbe “one eightthousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Prefix muo-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Suffix -ang
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix u-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -o
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -l Else: Suffix -ol
Noun to verb = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n Else: Suffix -im
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix e-
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n Else: Suffix -em
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -d Else: Suffix -ag
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = If starts with vowel: Prefix n- Else: Prefix no-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ng Else: Suffix -ang
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -rd Else: Suffix -uru
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -k Else: Suffix -ig
Augmentative = Prefix i-

Dictionary

4435 Words.

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