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Mauri (maˈʊɹi)

Natively known as: maʊɹi /maˈʊɹi/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
i mvi ndigh i meho te i i kwo thuzi swo zo ta
Pronunciation: /i mvi ndiɣ i ˈmɛhɔ tɛ i i kwɔ ˈθuzi swɔ zɔ ta/
Mauri word order: and he stood hat his holding and his face wet turned the wind to  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x z ð ŋ ɓ ɗ ɠ ɣ ɲ ʃ ʄ ʤ ʧ θ
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d k g q
Implosive ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ
Affricate ʧ ʤ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ x ɣ h
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Labial-velar
Approximant w
Vowel inventory: a i u ɔ ɛ
Front Back
High i u
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a
Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable ?   Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ɛ e
ɔ o
ɲ ny
ɓ b
j y
ʄ j
ɗ d
ð dh
θ th
ŋg ng
ŋ ng'
ɠ g
ʃ sh
ɣ gh
x kh
ʧ ch
nj

Grammar

  Main word order: Object Subject Verb (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into The door Mary opened with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: postpositions ?  

Nouns

  Nouns have six cases:
  • Nominative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man.
  • Accusative is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog.
  • Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man.
  • Dative is the recipient of something: man gives ball to dog.
  • Locative is the location of something: man goes to town.
  • Ablative is movement away from something: man walks from town.
Nominative No affix
fih /fih/ dog (doing the verb)
Accusative If starts with vowel: Prefix ɣ-
Else: Prefix ɣa-
ghafih /ˈɣafih/ (verb done to) dog
Genitive If starts with vowel: Prefix ʧ-
Else: Prefix ʧu-
chufih /ˈʧufih/ dogʼs
Dative Prefix sɔ-
sofih /ˈsɔfih/ to (the/a) dog
Locative If starts with vowel: Prefix mz-
Else: Prefix mzu-
mzufih /ˈmzufih/ near/at/by (the/a) dog
Ablative Prefix ɓlɛ-
blefih /ˈɓlɛfih/ from (the/a) dog
Singular Plural
Definite No affix
fih /fih/ the dog
Prefix i-
ifih /ˈifih/ the dogs
Indefinite If starts with vowel: Prefix ɣ-
Else: Prefix ɣi-
ghifih /ˈɣifih/ a dog
Prefix ʃi-
shifih /ˈʃifih/ some dogs

Articles

  Mauri encodes definite article ‘the’, and indefinite article ‘a’ in noun affixes. See Noun section.
 

Pronouns

1st singular 2nd singular 3rd singular 1st plural 2nd plural 3rd plural
Nominative che /ʧɛ/ I ill /ill/ you mvi /mvi/ he, she, it mbo /mbɔ/ we mwi /mwi/ you all za /za/ they
Accusative sa /sa/ me e /ɛ/ you a /a/ him, her, it mpyu /mpju/ us chu /ʧu/ you all ot /ɔt/ them
Genitive vyi /vji/ mine yo /jɔ/ yours mcho /mʧɔ/ his, hers, its mchu /mʧu/ ours fe /fɛ/ yours (pl) mvin /mvin/ theirs
Dative bwi /ɓwi/ to me mju /mʄu/ to you nu /nu/ to him, her, it o /ɔ/ to us mgo /mɠɔ/ to you all he /hɛ/ to them
Locative mto /mtɔ/ at me hirch /hirʧ/ at you she /ʃɛ/ at him, her, it lo /lɔ/ at us mi /mi/ at you all ferch /fɛrʧ/ at them
Ablative to /tɔ/ from me ku /ku/ from you fi /fi/ from him, her, it mtu /mtu/ from us wa /wa/ from you all ma /ma/ from them

Possessive determiners

1st singular thi /θi/ my
2nd singular chi /ʧi/ your
3rd singular i /i/ his, her, its
1st plural sant /sant/ our
2nd plural ma /ma/ your (pl)
3rd plural fant /fant/ their

Verbs

Present Past Remote past Future
1st singular If starts with vowel: Prefix v-
Else: Prefix va-
vasol /ˈvasɔl/ (I) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix z-
Else: Prefix za-
zasol /ˈzasɔl/ (I) learned
Prefix ɔ-
osol /ˈɔsɔl/ (I) learned (long ago)
If starts with vowel: Prefix v-
Else: Prefix vu-
vusol /ˈvusɔl/ (I) will learn
2nd singular Prefix mʧɔ-
mchosol /ˈmʧɔsɔl/ (you) learn
Prefix ɛ-
esol /ˈɛsɔl/ (you) learned
If starts with vowel: Prefix k-
Else: Prefix ki-
kisol /ˈkisɔl/ (you) learned (long ago)
Prefix θa-
thasol /ˈθasɔl/ (you) will learn
3rd singular Prefix nnɔ-
nnosol /ˈnnɔsɔl/ (he/she/it) learns
Prefix ti-
tisol /ˈtisɔl/ (he/she/it) learned
If starts with vowel: Prefix mb-
Else: Prefix mbu-
mbusol /ˈmbusɔl/ (he/she/it) learned (long ago)
Prefix mpu-
mpusol /ˈmpusɔl/ (he/she/it) will learn
1st plural Prefix nʧɔ-
nchosol /ˈnʧɔsɔl/ (we) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix mz-
Else: Prefix mza-
mzasol /ˈmzasɔl/ (we) learned
Prefix qi-
qisol /ˈqisɔl/ (we) learned (long ago)
If starts with vowel: Prefix ɲ-
Else: Prefix ɲa-
nyasol /ˈɲasɔl/ (we) will learn
2nd plural Prefix hi-
hisol /ˈhisɔl/ (you all) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix h-
Else: Prefix hu-
husol /ˈhusɔl/ (you all) learned
Prefix u-
usol /ˈusɔl/ (you all) learned (long ago)
If starts with vowel: Prefix l-
Else: Prefix lɔ-
losol /ˈlɔsɔl/ (you all) will learn
3rd plural Prefix ʧɔ-
chosol /ˈʧɔsɔl/ (they) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix mɲ-
Else: Prefix mɲa-
mnyasol /ˈmɲasɔl/ (they) learned
Prefix a-
asol /ˈasɔl/ (they) learned (long ago)
If starts with vowel: Prefix h-
Else: Prefix hi-
hisol /ˈhisɔl/ (they) will learn

Numbers

  Mauri has a base-10 number system:   1 - ur
2 - swam
3 - vet
4 - mnyu
5 - mju
6 - nywamaw
7 - sise
8 - ko
9 - netty
10 - ma
100 - msaw
1000 - ku
 

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If starts with vowel: Prefix mʃ-
Else: Prefix mʃɛ-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix mp-
Else: Prefix mpa-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix vja-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix θ-
Else: Prefix θi-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix i-
Noun to verb = If starts with vowel: Prefix mv-
Else: Prefix mvɔ-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix ʄa-
Tending to = Prefix kwa-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ʃ-
Else: Prefix ʃi-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = If starts with vowel: Prefix t-
Else: Prefix tɔ-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix a-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix u-
Diminutive = Prefix a-
Augmentative = If starts with vowel: Prefix s-
Else: Prefix sa-

Dictionary

3087 Words.
Spoken by
Common Female Names
Ana, Ena, Ona, Una, Matis, Metis, Mutis, Asta, Ysta, Osta, Nephios, Nephep, Nephri, Monios, Monpa, Monthys
Common Male Names
Apep, Eros, Hanub, Haten, Asirios, Nebthys, Mauthys, Monher, Khanu, Bastet

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