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Eintish (ˈaɪntɪʃ)

Natively known as: aintish /ˈaɪntɪʃ/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
nö tamt blod bla kvärt djs nö hast kvärt stöndrä fe krjg kö
Pronunciation: /nœ tamt blɔd bla kvɛːrt dʏs nœ hast kvɛːrt ˈstøːndrɛ feː kryːj ɕøː/
Eintish word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d f g h j k l m n p r s t v ŋ ɕ ɖ ɧ ʂ
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Retroflex Alveolo-palatal Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d ɖ k g
Fricative f v s ʂ ɕ h
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Sj-sound
Fricative ɧ
Vowel inventory: a eː iː oː uː yː øː œ ɑː ɔ ɛ ɛː ɪ ɵ ʉː ʊ ʏ
Front Central Back
High iː yː ʉː
Near-high ɪ ʏ ʊ
High-mid eː øː ɵ
Low-mid ɛ ɛː œ ɔ
Low a ɑː
Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Initial — stress is on the first syllable ?   Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ɛː ä
ɛ ä
øː ö
œ ö
å
ɔ o
j
ʏ j
ʉː u
ɵ u
ʊ o
o
i
ɪ i
e
ɑː a
ŋn gn
ŋ ng
j g / _#
ɧ sj
kk ck
ɕ k
C₁C₁ C₁ / _j
ʃ sh
θ th

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: prepositions ?  

Nouns

Singular Plural
Masculine No affix
klorg /klɔrj/ man
If ends with vowel: Suffix -ls
Else: Suffix -œls
klorjöls /ˈklɔrjœls/ men
Feminine No affix
spöf /spœf/ woman
Suffix -ʉːp
spöfup /ˈspœfʉːp/ women
Neuter No affix
/køː/ dog
If ends with vowel: Suffix -v
Else: Suffix -ʊv
köv /køːv/ dogs

Articles

Definite Indefinite
Singular u /ʉː/ the stäb /stɛːb/ a
Plural va /vɑː/ the ut /ɵt/ some
Uses of definite article that differ from English:
  • Definite article can be omitted: ‘I am going to supermarket’
  Uses of indefinite article that differ from English:
  • Not used for non-specific mass (uncountable) nouns: non-specific means ‘Would you like some (any) tea?’ whereas specific means ‘Some tea (a specific amount) fell off the truck’
 

Pronouns

1st singular /tøː/ I, me, mine
2nd singular bli /bliː/ you, yours
3rd singular masc tamt /tamt/ he, him, his
3rd singular fem å /oː/ she, her, hers
3rd singular neuter o /ʊ/ it, its
1st plural a /ɑː/ we, us, ours
2nd plural fosst /fuːsst/ you all, yours (pl)
3rd plural masc sno /snuː/ they (masc), them (masc), theirs (masc)
3rd plural fem /sœ/ they (fem), them (fem), theirs (fem)
3rd plural neuter olv /ʊlv/ they (neut), them (neut), theirs (neut)

Possessive determiners

1st singular sensk /seːnsk/ my
2nd singular /kɛː/ your
3rd singular masc kvärt /kvɛːrt/ his
3rd singular fem drögn /drøːŋn/ her
3rd singular neuter tvitt /tvɪtt/ its
1st plural /vøː/ our
2nd plural o /ɔ/ your (pl)
3rd plural masc pe /peː/ their (masc)
3rd plural fem bo /bɔ/ their (fem)
3rd plural neuter sna /snɑː/ their (neut)

Verbs

Singular Plural
Present No affix
it /ɪt/ (I/you/he/she/it) learn
If ends with vowel: Suffix -d
Else: Suffix -ɛːd
itäd /ˈɪtɛːd/ (we/they) learn
Past Suffix -ʏ
itg /ˈɪtʏ/ (I/you/he/she/it) learned
Suffix -ard
itard /ˈɪtard/ (we/they) learned
Future Suffix -uːkk
itock /ˈɪtuːkk/ (I/you/he/she/it) will learn
If ends with vowel: Suffix -rd
Else: Suffix -øːrd
itörd /ˈɪtøːrd/ (we/they) will learn

Numbers

  Eintish has a base-20 number system:   1 - kla
2 -
3 - dolv
4 - vansk
5 - spa
6 - spä
7 - lanjö
8 - an
9 - vut
10 - prg
11 - lön
12 - bid
13 - oktent
14 - bräpt
15 - bi
16 - mjsh
17 - snig
18 - svjkt
19 - pränsjo
20 - viʂjmn
400 - di
8000 - krol
 

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If ends with vowel: Suffix -r
Else: Suffix -ɔr
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ŋn
Else: Suffix -ʉːŋn
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nsk
Else: Suffix -ɵnsk
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -ʉːt
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -p
Else: Suffix -iːp
Noun to verb = Suffix -øː
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -œjf
Tending to = Suffix -oː
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -eːn
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -k
Else: Suffix -yːk
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -oː
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -kt
Else: Suffix -ɵkt
Diminutive = Suffix -eːn
Augmentative = Suffix -ɑːft

Dictionary

3050 Words.
Spoken by
Common Phrases
Bäp blod ple sjo olv rati släd
Honey is sweetest from the vibrant flower
Olv spu ållfö tof bäp sjo sirr
The bee cannot make honey from vinegar
Mö olv Hagdura
By the Gardeners
Mö olv Crao
By the Tree
öng Damal
Amalius’ Blade
Slot sjo sko::Lord of Light<br>----<br><br>Vak sjo olv hagdur
Beast of the garden
Common Female Names
Alda, Bertha, Hilda, Helga, Emma, Linda, Fulga, Frieda, Carme, Adele, Chele, Wulfe, Hurlu, Gildu, Minu, Beida, Lareesh, Malia, Clara, Aedelheid, Jolanta, Oliwia, Anna, Hanna, Marra, Marcelina, Katarzyna, Jdenae
Common Male Names
Aldo, Anso, Enzo, Fulco, Gero, Helmo, Otto, Wido, Lanzo, Rocco, Wine, Ise, Carl, Ken, Roth, Bert, Gustav, Pepin, Ludwig, Bofur, Bifur, Baefur, Nandur, Vendolf, Dain, Gorin, Rayjin, Bremren, Hrogrim, Bruels, Rathgar, Brill, Torin

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