Gallega Language in Getninia | World Anvil



...May the gods give me strength...
Σε εσπερα χυε λοσ ντιοσ με ντιςε φορταλεςα
Pronunciation: /se espera ke los dios me dise fortalesa/
Word Order: It is hoped the gods me the give strength

The Gallegan language, known as Gallega, is a major language of southwestern Galisea primarily spoken the Kingdom of Gallaca. Gallega is spoken by several million people, with the majority of native speakers hailing from Gallaca. Speakers of Gallega as a second language are most common in the northeastern parts of Galisea, and to a lesser extent in Aeilla. Gallega has been incorporated into the common pidgin language, particularly musical terms, for which Gallaca is famous.   Gallega is spoken primarily by ethnic Gallegans, who are largely responsible for the formation of the language over the course of Gallaca's history. The Kingdom of Gallaca maintains official use of Gallega (after converting over to that native tongue over Aeillan three centuries ago with the development of Gallaca's written language), but has little ability to enforce language standards over a wide area. As a result, there a fair number of divergences from "official" Royal Gallega.

Writing System

World Builders Note: Many words will be written outside this article will be using Latin characters, and this may be supplemented by equivalent alphabet structures where appropriate.   The written Gallegan language during its creation made use of the readily available and well known Aeillan alphabet. The fit of the Aeillan alphabet wasn't particularly good, but was servicable, and has been maintained since. When the case system of the Aeillan alphabet was concieved, it was also adopted by the royal academie of Gallega in Galacia, and has official support, but dissemination has been slow.  

Upper Case
Lower Case
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ ς τ υ φ χ ψ ω


Gallega has a tightly constricted library of phonemes to draw from, possessing nineteen consenental phonemes, and just five vowel monopthongs. There is a fairly robust selection of vowel dipthongs. Sresses usually fall on vowels, and are indicated with an accent on the letter.   Consonant inventory: /b d f g k l m n ɲ p ɾ r s ʃ t tʃ θ ʝ ʎ/
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Dental Alveolar Retracted Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ɲ
Stop p b t d tʃ ʝ k g
Continuant f b θ d s ʃ ʝ x g
Lateral l ʎ
Flap ɾ
Trill r
Vowel Inventory: (Monopthongs): a e i o u; (Dipthongs): ai ei oi ui au eu ia ie io iu ua ue uo;
Front Central Back
High i u
Near-high e
High-mid o
Low a


Gallega maintains three persons (1st, 2nd, and 3rd) with a formal and informal method of address, with, generally two grammatical genders. There are some neutral, unchanging terms, but generally adjectives must agree with either the masculine or feminine subject or object. 


Distance, Numerical Word, IPA, English equivalent
1st, Singular ψο/με/μι, /ʝo///me///mi/, I/myself/my
2nd, Singular του/τε/του, /tu///te///tu/, you/yourself/your
2nd, Singular (Formal) φυεστρα/σε/σου, /fuestra///se///su/, you/yourself/your
3rd, Singular ελ;ελλα/λε/σου, /el;eʎa///le///su he/him;she/her/themself/their
1st, Plural νοσοτροσ/νοσ, /nosotros///nos/, we/us/ourselves/our
2nd, Plural φυεστρασ/σε/σουσ, /fuestras///se///sus/, you (all)/yourselves/your
3rd Plural ελλοσ;ελλασ/λεσ/σουσ, /eʎos;eʎas///les///sus/ their/theirselves/their
Gallega maintains eight grammatical indicative tenses; present, preterite, future past imperfect, past, present, and future perfect, and conditional, as well as maintaining additional moods such as the subjunctive, and imperative. Verb conjugation is conducted by adding verb tense endings. Reflexive verbs are indicated by including an additional word appended before the verb for the subject and relating the main verb to the object. Passive voice is indicated by using the third person indicator "σε" if necessary.


At its core, Gallega is a subject-verb-object language, though this basic syntax is frequently altered by topic and focus, and indeed irrelevant subjects are often dropped from the basic syntax. Gallega generally uses prepositions in its language, though this is not always the case. Gallega is verb orientated, and sentences are generally framed around the verb rather than the reverse.


The Gallacan language maintains a robust spoken vocabulary developed, mostly, independently of their former Aeillan overlords, and shared, to some extent with the Meridan and Elleryc peoples. Loanwords are relatively uncommon, but to the extent that they doe exist, they largely come from similar Meridan and Elleryc dialects, from Aeillan, or as part of Gallega's exposure to the wider Common pidgin. Various dialects of Gallega are divergent from the royal form of the language and borrow more extensively from foreign languages, particularly Lanternian Gallega.
Successor Languages
Spoken by

Spelling Rules

Pronunciation Spelling
b μπ
d ντ
f φ
g γ π
k κ ξ χ
l λ
m μ
n ν
ɲ νγ
p π ψ
ɾ ρ
r ρρ
ʃ σς ξρ
s σ ς
t τ
τσ ω
θ φ
ʝ ψ
ʎ λλ
a α
e ε
i ι
o ο
u ου
ai αι
ei ει
oi ωι
ui υι
au αυ
eu ευ
ia ια
ie ιε
io ιω
iu ιυ
ua υα
ue υε
uo υο


IPA Explanation
´ Vowel Stress