Directed Energy Weapons
Electromagnetic BeamsElectromagnetic Beams (EM beams) use coherent electromagnetic waves to create a Masers (microwave wavelengths) or Laser (IR or shorter wavelengths) to deliver an effect to a target. In the case of masers, this effect is either to rapidly heat the target or to induce a current flow in the target, thereby destroying unhardened electronics. Lasers function by applying intense heat to a target to either melt or cause a train of rapid explosions, thereby drilling through a target in an instant.
LasersSee Lasers for more in information. Since their inception, a wide variety of lasers have been developed. Early laser weapons relied on generating vast amounts of heat to melt their way through targets, but this ultimately proved inefficient and often ineffective. Further refinements shows that a train of high-intensity millisecond pulses could flash flesh to vapor in string of explosions that flay muscle, sinew, and bone alike. This also proved effective against inanimate objects to a lesser extent. Since then, the pulse trains have grown shorter and the energy loads higher. See Pulsars, Blasters, and X-Ray Lasers for more information. An offshoot of the lethal lasers described above are low-powered visible-spectrum lasers that can temporarily or permanently blind their targets. These Dazzlers use a diffuse beam aimed at the face or eyes to overstimulate or burn the target's retinas and induce blindness. All lethal lasers can potentially serve as dazzlers, but government restrictions often require software limitations against blinding targets. Yet another offshoot of lethal lasers are Electrolasers. These use a pair of short laser pulses to ionize the air between the weapon and the target, creating a temporary circuit through which the electrolaser releases a jolt of electricity. Sometimes nicknamed lightning guns, these weapons can stun or kill targets from a distance based on the amount of current released.
MasersSee Masers for more in information. Masers work by emitting intense radio waves in a directional beam to either induce extreme pain by heating skin or exciting nerves in biological organisms or to induce electrical currents in unhardened metallic components and thereby potentially destroy electronics. This makes masers ideal less-than-lethal weapons for crowd control, torture, or the destruction of technology.
Penetrating Radiation BeamsPenetrating Radiation Beams (P-Beams) use beams of penetrating radiation to heat and thereby damage a target. This is typically a beam of near-relativistic alpha particles or a coherent beam of gamma radiation. Both of these function by tearing apart atoms, which release a cascade of secondary radiation that continues the process until all energy has been expended. One side effect of this process is the irradiation of the area surrounding the point of incidence, making this particularly effective at killing the crew of a vehicle without extensively damaging the vehicle itself. In the case of both Alpha Beams and Gamma Beams, the beam behaves this way for all matter between the emitter and the target - including air. This makes it ill-suited for use within atmosphere, since back-scattering will irradiate the shooter and everything along the beam's path. Additionally, these weapon systems require significant power sources that would be difficult to fit in most planet-side vehicles. For these reasons, P-beams are typically deployed on spacecraft for use against other spacecraft - something their extreme ranges make them particularly suitable for.
Sonic WeaponsSonic weapons, often called Screamers, operate by emitting a focused beam of acoustic energy that can deafen, disorient, or stun biological targets. These only function in atmosphere and are usually preferred to electrolasers as a less-than-lethal option because they do not have the potential to induce heart attack or leave burn marks, and they don't have degraded capability in humid or wet environments.
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