Fosaki

Natively known as: fosaki /ˈfɔsaki/

Fosaki is the primary, common language for the Felox, or 'fox folk'. It's a breathy, tonal language that was formed from the ancient peoples of Vulpi Hassani and their ancient days as hunters among the large predators of Vulpi Hassani who primarily use sound to detect prey, or threats.
 

Sample Sentence

  The early hunter catches the bird  
When pronounced in Fosaki
ochil pwipor mge mah suji iant
 
Pronunciation
/ˈɔʧil ˈpwipɔr mɠɛ mah ˈsuʄi ˈiant/
 
Fosaki word order
Hunter that early the bird caught
 

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d f g h j k l m n p q r s t v w x z ð ŋ ɓ ɗ ɠ ɣ ɲ ʃ ʄ ʤ ʧ θ  
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalDentalAlveolarPalato-alveolarPalatalVelarUvularGlottal
Nasalmnɲŋ
Stopp bt dk gq
Implosiveɓɗʄɠ
Affricateʧ ʤ
Fricativef vθ ðs zʃx ɣh
Approximantj
Trillr
Lateral approximantl
  Co-articulated phonemes  
↓Manner/Place→Labial-velar
Approximantw
  Vowel inventory: a i u ɔ ɛ  
FrontBack
Highiu
Low-midɛɔ
Lowa
 
Stress pattern
Initial — stress is on the first syllable
  Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
ɛe
ɔo
ɲny
ɓb
jy
ʄj
ɗd
ðdh
θth
ŋgng
ŋng'
ɠg
ʃsh
ɣgh
xkh
ʧch
nj̤̤̤
 

Grammar

 
Main word order
Subject (Prepositional phrase) Object Verb. “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary with a key the door opened
 
Adjective order
Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
 
Adposition
postpositions
 

Nouns

  Nouns have two cases:
  • Nominative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man.
  • Accusative is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog.
 
NominativeNo affix
lasy /lasj/ dog (doing the verb)
AccusativePrefix i-
ilasy /ˈilasj/ (verb done to) dog
 
SingularPlural
MasculineNo affix
ji /ʄi/ man
Prefix i-
iji /ˈiʄi/ men
FeminineNo affix
kre /krɛ/ woman
Prefix nu-
nukre /ˈnukrɛ/ women
NeuterNo affix
lasy /lasj/ dog
If starts with vowel: Prefix aks-
Else: Prefix aksu-
aksulasy /ˈaksulasj/ dogs
 

Articles

 
Definitemah /mah/ the
Indefinitemu /mu/ a, some
  Uses of definite article that differ from English:
  • Used for personal names in third person: ‘The Maria has left for school’
  • Used with place names: ‘The London’

Dictionary

3036 Words.
Spoken by

Writing System

 
Fosaki's written form is a flowing script, where each letter is written in a curving brush style. It's read from left to right, and contains no capital letters. Written Fosaki is a calligraphic style and considered quite expressive.

Pronouns

 
NominativeAccusative
1st singularit /it/   mke /mkɛ/ me
2nd singularqi /qi/ you u /u/ you
3rd singular masci /i/ he, it (masc) ye /jɛ/ his, it (masc)
3rd singular femmil /mil/ she, it (fem) dhah /ðah/ her, it (fem)
3rd singular neuterir /ir/ it (neut) kint /kint/ it (neut)
1st pluralndiw /ndiw/ we dha /ða/ us
2nd pluralhi /hi/ you all mcho /mʧɔ/ you all
3rd plural mascut /ut/ they (masc) bwun /ɓwun/ them (masc)
3rd plural femvesy /vɛsj/ they (fem) a /a/ them (fem)
3rd plural neuterwigh /wiɣ/ they (neut) nj̤̤̤up /nʤup/ them (neut)
 

Possessive determiners

 
Possessive
1st singularnnet /nnɛt/ my
2nd singularyo /jɔ/ your
3rd singular mascmwu /mwu/ his
3rd singular femoll /ɔll/ her
3rd singular neutermgam /mɠam/ its
1st pluralpu /pu/ our
2nd pluralkwi /kwi/ your (pl)
3rd plural mascmnyo /mɲɔ/ their (masc)
3rd plural femarch /arʧ/ their (fem)
3rd plural neuterlutty /luttj/ their (neut)
 

Verbs

 
1st person2nd person3rd person
PresentIf starts with vowel: Prefix j-
Else: Prefix jɔ-
yurch /jurʧ/ (I/we) learn
Prefix ju-
yuurch /ˈjuurʧ/ (you/you all) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix mt-
Else: Prefix mti-
mturch /mturʧ/ (he/she/it/they) learn
PastIf starts with vowel: Prefix mb-
Else: Prefix mbɔ-
mburch /mburʧ/ (I/we) learned
If starts with vowel: Prefix q-
Else: Prefix qi-
qurch /qurʧ/ (you/you all) learned
Prefix i-
iurch /ˈiurʧ/ (he/she/it/they) learned
Remote pastIf starts with vowel: Prefix q-
Else: Prefix qu-
qurch /qurʧ/ (I/we) learned (long ago)
If starts with vowel: Prefix ap-
Else: Prefix api-
apurch /ˈapurʧ/ (you/you all) learned (long ago)
If starts with vowel: Prefix it-
Else: Prefix ita-
iturch /ˈiturʧ/ (he/she/it/they) learned (long ago)
FuturePrefix ɔ-
ourch /ˈɔurʧ/ (I/we) will learn
Prefix mɛ-
meurch /ˈmɛurʧ/ (you/you all) will learn
Prefix jɛ-
yeurch /ˈjɛurʧ/ (he/she/it/they) will learn
 

Numbers

  Fosaki has a base-10 number system:   1 - mta
2 - mshi
3 - i
4 - tu
5 - qill
6 - ke
7 - ble
8 - yup
9 - thokh
10 - mchuw
100 - how
1000 - enya
 

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If starts with vowel: Prefix k-
Else: Prefix ka-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix sa-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ɛmr-
Else: Prefix ɛmri-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix a-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If starts with vowel: Prefix m-
Else: Prefix mi-
Noun to verb = If starts with vowel: Prefix kr-
Else: Prefix kru-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix vj-
Else: Prefix vji-
Tending to = If starts with vowel: Prefix θ-
Else: Prefix θu-
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Prefix i-
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = If starts with vowel: Prefix m-
Else: Prefix mɔ-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix ɔ-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If starts with vowel: Prefix uʃ-
Else: Prefix uʃa-
Diminutive = If starts with vowel: Prefix pr-
Else: Prefix pri-
Augmentative = Prefix ɛ-


Cover image: Chaotic Potential by CB Ash, JJ Kirby

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