Reproduction (procreation or breeding) is the biological process by which new individual lifeforms – "offspring" – are produced from their "parents". Reproduction is a fundamental feature of all known life; each individual lifeform exists as the result of reproduction. There are two major forms of reproduction: asexual and sexual. Sexual reproduction In many species that have two sexes, the creation of a new organism is done by combining the hereditary material of two "parents," that is two opposite-sex lifeforms. That usually requires a union of a male's sperm and a female's ovum called fertilization. For plants, the male gametes, pollen, fertilize the female gametes, ovule, to create seeds that grow into a new plant. For animals, this is done either externally in a fluid or internally with the mating creatures bodies in an act called copulation or sexual intercourse. Asexual reproduction By contrast, asexual reproduction involves an individual lifeform producing new lifeforms without the involvement of another. These organisms are either capable of self-replication or hermaphroditic—meaning they contain both male and female reproductive organs. Most plants can reproduce asexually by vegetative propagation. Cutting is the most common artificial method, where pieces of the "parent" plant are removed and placed in a suitable environment so that they can grow into a whole new plant, the "clone", which is genetically identical to the parent. Some plants and most fungi reproduce by forming spores that grow when conditions are right. Monogendered reproduction For sexually reproducing species with only one sex (such as female), it's a type of reproductive method where the female only requires the introduction of sperm to stimulate the growth of an embryo, (the process is called pseudogamy - specifically gynogenesis) where the maternal traits are the ones expressed in the offspring. Male inheritance is usually not transmitted in real life; but in the Arcane Realm, some of the male traits show up in the offspring, but are usually minor and the offspring is always the monogender species and as such breed true. The donated sperm typically comes from males of a species with a similar body type to the mother species. Species that reproduce using this method: Lamia Harpy Jorogumo Yukionna Alraune Dryad Note: There are races like the Amazoness whose birth rates skew highly in favor of one sex, causing their breeding habits to be similar to monogendered races. While they seem to breed true, on rare occasions they can give birth to males of either species. Modes of Reproduction Plants whether natural or preternatural, reproduce through spores, or seeds or vegetative propagation. Animals including hominins and most faye make use of a variety of modes of reproduction to produce their young. Traditionally this variety was classified into three modes, oviparity (lays eggs that hatch), viviparity (young born live), and ovoviviparity (intermediate between the first two). Anthroids have a few unique methods of reproduction, one notable one that uses specific electronic devices called nursery servers. Then once they are ready, the progenitor(s) nanites are inserted to obtain the coding, then deposited into a chamber of raw materials to construct an new Anthroid's body. Spirits have a wide range of either asexual or sexual forms of reproduction. Spirit constructs can also reproduce in ways that they couldn't in their incorporeal state, typically through sexual intercourse. Reproductive and post-reproductive strategies There are a wide range of reproductive strategies employed by different species. Some species, many of which are not capable of reproduction until many years after birth. Other species can reproduce quickly after birth, with numerous offspring however, most of these offspring do not survive to adulthood due to environmental influences. In terms of evolutionary habits, species who could only reproduce a few offspring at a time tended to devote more resources to the nurturing and protection of said offspring than in comparison to those species who could produce many offspring who tend to devote fewer resources to each offspring; for these species it is common for many offspring to die soon after birth, but enough individuals typically survive to maintain the population. Reproduction cycles Various species and organisms reproduced at various seasons continuously throughout their lives. These intervals could usually be mapped into cycles, known as reproduction cycles. In contrast, other organisms could only reproduce once in their lifetime, often dying shortly after reproduction either due to the actions of their mate or due to genetic influence. Non-reproductive mating While mating normally took place in the context of reproduction, certain sapient beings often engaged in sexual intercourse for recreational purposes, or as a means to express their romantic love and care for one another. This is common among humanoid and liminal creatures as they can derive significant pleasure from copulation. Many creatures will even shapeshift or manifest in these forms to copulate for sexual pleasure. As some individuals had the intention of copulation without producing offspring, contraceptives designed to prevent this during sex were developed, either from naturally occuring sources or artificial means. Some beings who are referred to as prostitutes/sex workers engage in promiscuous sexual relations for payment. Such activities are normally confined within brothels, a type of buildings that are often associated with other seedy venues, including bars and gambling dens. Some prostitutes, however, directly solicit potential customers in the streets. Pornography Among many species, particularly among those that derive physical and/or emotional pleasure from the act, the allure of sexual intercourse is a source of entertainment with various displays and depictions usually centering around the reproductive act itself and/or the organs associated with the act, such as the genitals as well as other, associated, themes. The topic is popular enough that the pornography trade, or “Adult Content”, can be a lucrative business.