BUILD YOUR OWN WORLD Like what you see? Become the Master of your own Universe!

Remove these ads. Join the Worldbuilders Guild

kunguian (kuŋgu)

Natively known as: kungu /ˈkuŋgu/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
nu pun gun dekaku gisu konru nu reriki nu gun nuro senro gison
Pronunciation: /nu pun gun deˈkaku ˈgisu ˈkonɾu nu ɾeˈɾiki mu gun ˈnuɾo ˈsenɾo ˈgison/
Kunguian word order: and he his hat holding stood and the wind to his wet face turned  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: b d g h j k m n p s t w z ŋ ɾ
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k g
Fricative s z h
Approximant j
Tap ɾ
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Labial-velar
Approximant w
Vowel inventory: a e i o u
Front Back
High i u
High-mid e o
Low a
Syllable structure: Custom defined ?
Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable ?   Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
ŋ n
m n
j y
ɾ r

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject (Prepositional phrase) Object Verb. “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary with a key the door opened.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun.
Adposition: postpositions ?  

Nouns

  Nouns have three cases:
  • Nominative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man.
  • Accusative is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog.
  • Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man.
Nominative No affix
gikon /ˈgikon/ dog (doing the verb)
Accusative Prefix e-
egikon /eˈgikon/ (verb done to) dog
Genitive If starts with vowel: Prefix k-
Else: Prefix ko-
kogikon /koˈgikon/ dogʼs
Singular No affix
gikon /ˈgikon/ dog
Plural If starts with vowel: Prefix k-
Else: Prefix ku-
kugikon /kuˈgikon/ dogs

Articles

  Kunguian has no definite article ‘the’, or indefinite article ‘a’.
 

Pronouns

Nominative Accusative Genitive
1st singular kon /kon/ I hin /hin/ me bu /bu/ mine
2nd singular sa /sa/ you na /na/ you non /non/ yours
3rd singular pun /pun/ he, she, it e /e/ him, her, it ri /ɾi/ his, hers, its
1st plural ka /ka/ we kun /kun/ us zun /zun/ ours
2nd plural pi /pi/ you all ro /ɾo/ you all gu /gu/ yours (pl)
3rd plural nun /mun/ they bi /bi/ them wan /wan/ theirs

Possessive determiners

1st singular ka /ka/ my
2nd singular ku /ku/ your
3rd singular gun /gun/ his, her, its
1st plural an /an/ our
2nd plural te /te/ your (pl)
3rd plural sa /sa/ their

Verbs

Present Past
1st singular If starts with vowel: Prefix k-
Else: Prefix ku-
kahyan /ˈkahjan/ (I) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix t-
Else: Prefix to-
tahyan /ˈtahjan/ (I) learned
2nd singular If starts with vowel: Prefix p-
Else: Prefix po-
pahyan /ˈpahjan/ (you) learn
Prefix he-
heahyan /heˈahjan/ (you) learned
3rd singular Prefix na-
naahyan /naˈahjan/ (he/she/it) learns
If starts with vowel: Prefix ɾ-
Else: Prefix ɾe-
rahyan /ˈɾahjan/ (he/she/it) learned
1st plural If starts with vowel: Prefix w-
Else: Prefix wa-
wahyan /ˈwahjan/ (we) learn
If starts with vowel: Prefix k-
Else: Prefix ke-
kahyan /ˈkahjan/ (we) learned
2nd plural If starts with vowel: Prefix m-
Else: Prefix ma-
nahyan /ˈmahjan/ (you all) learn
Prefix te-
teahyan /teˈahjan/ (you all) learned
3rd plural If starts with vowel: Prefix j-
Else: Prefix jo-
yahyan /ˈjahjan/ (they) learn
Prefix o-
oahyan /oˈahjan/ (they) learned
Kunguian uses a standalone particle word for future tense:
Future Particle before the verb: nan -
nan ahyan /nan ˈahjan/ will learn

Progressive aspect

  The ‘progressive’ aspect refers to actions that are happening at the time of speaking, such as I am learning.
Kunguian uses a standalone particle word for progressive:
Progressive Particle before the verb: ben -
ben ahyan /ben ˈahjan/ is learning

Habitual aspect

  The ‘habitual’ aspect refers to actions that happen habitually, such as I learn (something new every day), as opposed to actions that happen once (I learned something).
Kunguian uses an affix for habitual:
Habitual Prefix u-
uahyan /uˈahjan/ learns

Perfect aspect

  The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.
Kunguian uses the word for ‘already’ izo for the perfect aspect.  

Numbers

  Kunguian has a base-20 number system:   1 - yon
2 - nun
3 - bun
4 - ru
5 - henpeni
6 - ya
7 - pun
8 - ke
9 - de
10 - ahe
11 - nonpa
12 - zanson
13 - suryan
14 - banen
15 - nenyon
16 - nuripyan
17 - kura
18 - bungi
19 - yagu
20 - sogo
400 - non
8000 - hi
 

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If starts with vowel: Prefix w-
Else: Prefix wa-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix n-
Else: Prefix nu-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ɾ-
Else: Prefix ɾi-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix n-
Else: Prefix ne-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -on
Noun to verb = Suffix -i
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -un
Tending to = Suffix -in
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -en
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -in
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -i
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Suffix -en
Diminutive = Prefix o-
Augmentative = Prefix ki-

Dictionary

3123 Words.

Remove these ads. Join the Worldbuilders Guild

Comments

Please Login in order to comment!