Bwĩgit Language in Kelbonnar | World Anvil

Bwĩgit

...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind... dzaw vda ĩngkë ndit ëp mladdzo dzaw bĩgyov ëp fkẽttsã wĩf bĩd kũddzë Pronunciation: /ʣɔ vda ˈĩŋkɛ ndit ɛp ˈmladʣo ʣɔ ˈbĩgjov ɛp ˈfkẽtʦã wĩf bĩd ˈkũdʣɛ/ Bwĩgiti word order: and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b d f g j k l m n p r t v w ŋ ʣ ʦ/
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k g
Affricate ʦ ʣ
Fricative f v
Approximant j
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Labio-velar
Approximant w
Vowel inventory: /a ã e ẽ i ĩ o õ u ũ ɔ ɛ/
Front Back
High i ĩ u ũ
High-mid e ẽ o õ
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a ã
Syllable structure: (C)(C)V(C) Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable Word initial consonants: b, bj, bl, bw, d, dr, dw, f, fj, fk, fl, fp, fr, g, gw, j, k, kj, kl, lj, lw, m, md, ml, mw, nd, nl, p, pw, r, rj, tj, v, vd, vl, vw, w, ŋk, ŋw, ʣ, ʦv Mid-word consonants: b, bb, bm, bw, d, dd, dg, dl, dm, dʣ, f, fg, fk, fp, fr, g, gb, gj, gk, gl, gt, gw, j, jd, jg, jl, jv, k, kd, kf, kl, km, kr, kv, kʦ, l, lf, lg, lj, ll, lm, lp, lt, lw, m, mb, mg, mn, mt, mv, mw, n, nb, nm, np, nt, nʦ, p, pf, pj, pk, pm, pp, pt, pv, pw, r, rf, rk, rm, rr, rv, t, tf, tk, tl, tm, tn, tr, tv, tʦ, v, vd, vj, vm, vn, vw, w, wb, wd, wl, wm, wp, wv, ŋ, ŋb, ŋd, ŋf, ŋg, ŋk, ŋm, ŋt, ŋʦ, ʣ, ʦ, ʦl, ʦr, ʦw Word final consonants: d, f, g, k, m, p, r, t, v, ʣ   Phonological changes (in order of application):  
  • p → k / _w
  Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
j y
ŋ ng
ɔ aw
ɛ ë
ʣ dz
ʦ ts

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject-Verb-Object-Oblique. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary opened the door with a key. Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun. Adposition: prepositions  

Nouns

Masculine Feminine
Singular No affix mãr /mãr/ man No affix ip /ip/ woman
Plural If starts with vowel: Prefix ʣ- Else: Prefix ʣɔ- dzawmãr /ˈʣɔmãr/ men Prefix mde- mdeip /ˈmdeip/ women

Articles

Definite o /o/ the
Indefinite kyam /kjam/ a, some

Pronouns

1st singular mla /mla/ I, me, mine
2nd singular õ /õ/ you, yours
3rd singular masc vda /vda/ he, him, his
3rd singular fem dzaw /ʣɔ/ she, her, hers
1st plural dru /dru/ we, us, ours
2nd plural ndawm /ndɔm/ you (all), yours
3rd plural masc ũ /ũ/ they, them, theirs
3rd plural fem /gɛ/ they, them, theirs

Possessive determiners

1st singular ug /ug/ my
2nd singular dzõ /ʣõ/ your
3rd singular masc ëp /ɛp/ his
3rd singular fem vlũp /vlũp/ her
1st plural bli /bli/ our
2nd plural vdëd /vdɛd/ your
3rd plural masc õ /õ/ their
3rd plural fem /pũ/ their

Verbs

Present Prefix a- awĩgawnaw /ˌawĩˈgɔnɔ/ study
Past No affix wĩgawnaw /wĩˈgɔnɔ/ studied
Future Prefix ĩ- ĩwĩgawnaw /ˌĩwĩˈgɔnɔ/ will study

Numbers

  Bwĩgiti has a base-10 number system:   1 - ngwã 2 - dëf 3 - kyë 4 - fkẽg 5 - ndig 6 - u 7 - ndi 8 - wĩg 9 - mwu 10 - tyod 11 - ngwã dzaw tyod “one and ten” 100 - am “hundred” 101 - am ngwã “hundred one” 200 - dëf am 1000 - flufa “thousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If starts with vowel: Prefix egt- Else: Prefix egtɔ- Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ult- Else: Prefix ultɛ- Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix ũ- Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix iŋt- Else: Prefix iŋta- Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix ã- Noun → verb (to create [noun]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix bj- Else: Prefix bjõ- Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix fe- Verb → adjective (likely to do [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ũk- Else: Prefix ũku- Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix ẽpp- Else: Prefix ẽppɛ- Verb → noun that verb physically produces (e.g. build → building) = Prefix fki- One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix ũ- Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix ʦvã- Diminutive = Prefix fkẽ- Augmentative = If starts with vowel: Prefix ult- Else: Prefix ultɛ-

Dictionary

4319 Words.

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