Common

Natively known as: Sazmams /ˈsæzmɑmz/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind... proints yed grear sulf there frairs proints ceimp tear grear tralplecked mims vethlerms Pronunciation: /pɹɔɪnts jɛd ɡɹɪə sʌlf ðɛə fɹaɪɹz pɹɔɪnts keɪmp tɪə ɡɹɪə ˈtɹælplɛkt mɪmz ˈvɛθlɛɹmz/ Sazmamsian word order: and he his hat holding stood and the wind to his wet face turned  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: /b d f h j k l m n p r s t v w z ð ŋ ɡ ɹ ɾ ʃ ʍ ʤ ʧ θ/
↓Manner/Place→ Bilabial Labiodental Dental Alveolar Palato-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Stop p b t d k ɡ
Affricate ʧ ʤ
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ h
Approximant ɹ j
Tap ɾ
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
  Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→ Labial-velar
Approximant ʍ w
  Vowel inventory: /aɪ aʊ eɪ iː oʊ uː æ ɑ ɑː ɔɪ ɔː ɛ ɛə ɜː ɪ ɪə ʊ ʊə ʌ/   Diphthongs: aɪ, aʊ, eɪ, oʊ, ɔɪ, ɛə, ɪə, ʊə
Front Central Back
High
Near-high ɪ ʊ
Low-mid ɛ ɜː ʌ ɔː
Near-low æ
Low ɑ ɑː
  Syllable structure: Custom defined Stress pattern: Penultimate — stress is on the second last syllable Word initial consonants: b, bl, bɹ, d, dɹ, f, fl, fɹ, h, j, k, kl, kw, kɹ, l, m, n, p, pl, pɹ, s, sk, skw, skɹ, sl, sm, sn, sp, spl, spɹ, st, stɹ, sw, t, th, tw, tɹ, v, w, ð, ɡ, ɡl, ɡɹ, ɹ, ʃ, ʃɹ, ʍ, ʤ, ʧ, θ, θɹ Mid-word consonants: b, bd, bj, bl, bm, bn, bs, bskj, bskɹ, bst, bstɹ, bt, bv, bz, bɹ, bɾ, bʤ, d, df, dj, dkw, dl, dm, dn, ds, dv, dw, dɡ, dɡɹ, dɹ, dʃ, f, fj, fl, fspɹ, ft, ftl, ftw, fɹ, h, j, k, kd, kf, kj, kl, km, kn, ks, ksf, ksk, kskj, kskl, kskw, ksm, ksp, kspl, kspɹ, kst, kstɹ, ksw, ksʧ, kt, ktf, ktl, ktɹ, kw, kz, kɡɹ, kɹ, kʃ, kʧ, l, lb, ld, ldf, ldh, ldl, ldn, ldɹ, lf, lj, lk, lkj, ll, lm, ln, lp, lpf, lpl, lptj, ls, lsh, lsʍ, lt, ltj, ltɹ, lv, lw, lð, lɡ, lɡɹ, lɹ, lʤ, lʧ, lθ, m, mb, mbl, mbɹ, mf, mfl, mft, mfɹ, mh, mj, ml, mn, mp, mpj, mpl, mpt, mptl, mpɹ, mpʃ, mpʧ, ms, mst, mt, mw, mz, mɹ, mʧ, mθ, n, nb, nbɹ, nd, ndj, ndl, ndm, ndɹ, nf, nfj, nfl, nfɹ, nh, nj, nk, nkl, nkw, nkɹ, nl, nm, nn, npl, ns, nsf, nsj, nskɹ, nsl, nsm, nsp, nst, nstɹ, nt, ntl, ntm, ntɹ, nv, nw, nz, nzl, nzp, nɡ, nɡɹ, nɹ, nʃ, nʤ, nʤm, nʧ, nθj, p, pj, pl, pm, pt, pw, pɹ, pʃ, pʧ, s, sd, sf, sj, sk, skj, skl, skɹ, sl, sm, sn, sp, spj, spl, st, stj, stl, stm, stw, stɹ, sw, sɡ, sɡɹ, sʧ, t, tb, tf, tj, tl, tm, tn, ts, tsm, tw, tɹ, v, vj, vl, vm, vn, vɹ, w, z, zb, zd, zj, zl, zm, ð, ðdɹ, ðst, ŋ, ŋk, ŋkt, ŋkw, ŋkʃ, ŋkʧ, ŋl, ŋɡ, ŋɡj, ŋɡl, ŋɡw, ŋɡɹ, ɡ, ɡj, ɡl, ɡm, ɡn, ɡz, ɡɹ, ɡʤ, ɹ, ɹb, ɹd, ɹf, ɹk, ɹl, ɹm, ɹml, ɹn, ɹpl, ɹs, ɹsm, ɹt, ɹtl, ɹv, ɹɡ, ɹʃ, ɹʤ, ɹʧ, ɹθw, ɾ, ʃ, ʃm, ʃn, ʤ, ʤm, ʤt, ʧ, ʧl, ʧm, θ, θf, θl, θɹ Word final consonants: b, bd, bl, bz, d, dst, dz, f, fs, ft, k, ks, kst, kt, kts, l, ld, ldz, lf, lk, lm, ls, lt, lts, lv, lvd, lvz, lz, lθ, m, md, mp, mps, mpt, mz, n, nd, ndz, ns, nst, nt, nts, nz, nʤ, nʤd, nʧ, nθ, p, ps, pt, r, rm, s, sk, sp, spt, st, sts, t, ts, v, vd, vz, z, zd, ð, ðz, ŋ, ŋd, ŋk, ŋks, ŋkt, ŋz, ɡ, ɡd, ɡz, ɹ, ɹd, ɹdz, ɹk, ɹks, ɹkt, ɹm, ɹmd, ɹmz, ɹn, ɹnd, ɹs, ɹst, ɹt, ɹts, ɹz, ɹʃ, ɹʧt, ɹθ, ʃ, ʃt, ʤ, ʤd, ʧ, ʧt, θ, θs   Phonological changes (in order of application):  
  • n → Ø / _r
  • s → r / _#
  • {k,ɡ} → [+palato-alveolar] / _E
  • k → ʧ / _E
  • j → ð / V_
  • r → s / _s
  • l → Ø / _{m,s,k}
  • b → u / V_{l,r}
  • {p,k} → [+voice] / V_V
  • n → Ø / _s
  • V → [+round] / w_
  How to read phonological rules   Spelling rules:
Pronunciation Spelling
kw qu
kt# cked
k c / !_{ɪ,i,ɛ,e,s}
oʊ(C) o1e
uː(C)# u1e
eɪ(C)# a1e
ð th
θ th
ʍ wh
ŋɡ ng
ŋk nk
ɡ g
ŋ ng
ʧ ch
ʃ sh
ɹ r
(Cz,s}# 1s
z# s
(C)ju 1u
cc ck
c# k
(Ct,d}# 1ed
aʊ# ow
ou
ɔɪ oi
ɪə ear
ɪ# y
ɪ i
ji yi
j y
iː# y
yy# yi
#y# i
ʌ u
ee
o
ʊ oo
ɛ e
ɑː? a
æ(t,l,s,z)# a11
æ a
j
ʤ# ge
ʤ dg
ɜː ur
ɔː or
u
quur quir
ere
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject (Prepositional phrase) Object Verb. "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Mary with a key the door opened. Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun. Adposition: postpositions  

Nouns

  Nouns have seven cases:
  • Nominative is the doer of a verb: dog bites man.
  • Accusative is the done-to of a verb: man bites dog.
  • Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man.
  • Dative is the recipeint of something: man gives ball to dog.
  • Locative is the location of something: man goes to town.
  • Ablative is movement away from something: man walks from town.
  • Instrumental is the use of something: man writes with (using) pen.
Nominative No affix lured /lʌɹd/ doɡ (doinɡ the verb)
Accusative Suffix -ɛlt lurdeled /ˈlʌɹdɛlt/ (verb done to) doɡ
Genitive Suffix -ɛə lurdere /ˈlʌɹdɛə/ doɡʼs
Dative If ends with vowel: Suffix -lts Else: Suffix -ʌlts lurdults /ˈlʌɹdʌlts/ to (the/a) doɡ
Locative Suffix -ɪk lurdik /ˈlʌɹdɪk/ near/at/by (the/a) doɡ
Ablative Suffix -iː lurdy /ˈlʌɹdiː/ from (the/a) doɡ
Instrumental Suffix -oʊ lurdo /ˈlʌɹdoʊ/ with/usinɡ (the/a) doɡ
Singular Plural
Masculine Suffix -aɪ thouai /ˈθaʊaɪ/ man Suffix -uːfs thouufs /ˈθaʊuːfs/ men
Feminine If ends with vowel: Suffix -p Else: Suffix -ɔːp fablorp /ˈfæblɔːp/ woman If ends with vowel: Suffix -ks Else: Suffix -ɔɪks fabloics /ˈfæblɔɪks/ women
Neuter Suffix -ɑ lurda /ˈlʌɹdɑ/ doɡ Suffix -ʊl lurdool /ˈlʌɹdʊl/ doɡs
 

Articles

Definite Indefinite
Singular sly /sliː/ the strouf /stɹaʊf/ a
Plural squear /skwɪə/ the glelf /ɡlɛlf/ some
 

Pronouns

Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Locative Ablative Instrumental
1st singular choimped /ʧɔɪmpt/ I durds /dɜːdz/ me twands /twɑndz/ mine ceshed /kɛʃt/ to me hor /hɔː/ at me brurd /bɹɜːd/ from me cercked /kɛɹkt/ with/using me
2nd singular ces /kɛz/ you (masc) wurch /wɜːʧ/ you vened /vɛnd/ yours sans /sæns/ to you threi /θɹeɪ/ at you trak /tɹæk/ from you frai /fɹaɪ/ with/using you
3rd singular masc yed /jɛd/ he flo /floʊ/ him grear /ɡɹɪə/ his feins /feɪnz/ to him proifs /pɹɔɪfs/ at him sno /snoʊ/ from him wou /waʊ/ with/using him
3rd singular fem ho /hoʊ/ she pep /pɛp/ her doub /daʊb/ hers fluls /fluːls/ to her rute /ɹuːt/ at her yi /jiː/ from her mere /mɛə/ with/using her
3rd singular neut vy /viː/ it tere /tɛə/ it smai /smaɪ/ its bei /beɪ/ to it tear /tɪə/ at it rudsed /ɹuːdst/ from it famps /fæmps/ with/using it
1st plural snor /snɔː/ we spei /speɪ/ us dear /dɪə/ ours vecs /vɛks/ to us shroubs /ʃɹaʊbz/ at us sly /sliː/ from us strurlth /stɹɜːlθ/ with/using us
2nd plural doums /daʊmz/ you all traps /tɹæps/ you all dralk /dɹælk/ yours (pl) swecked /swɛkt/ to you all squere /skwɛə/ at you all fange /fænʤ/ from you all thoised /ðɔɪst/ with/using you all
3rd plural masc perned /pɛɹnd/ they (masc) wurb /wɜːb/ them (masc) ror /ɹɔː/ theirs (masc) pla /plɑ/ to them (masc) scor /skɔː/ at them (masc) wurcked /wɜːkt/ from them (masc) sa /sɑ/ with/using them (masc)
3rd plural fem twa /twɑ/ they (fem) sai /saɪ/ them (fem) yeng /jɛŋ/ theirs (fem) belv /bɛlv/ to them (fem) saved /sævd/ at them (fem) la /lɑ/ from them (fem) wougd /waʊɡd/ with/using them (fem)
3rd plural neut fash /fæʃ/ they (neut) cy /kiː/ them (neut) spy /spiː/ theirs (neut) thai /thaɪ/ to them (neut) sav /sæv/ at them (neut) sei /seɪ/ from them (neut) scro /skɹoʊ/ with/using them (neut)
 

Possessive determiners

1st singular twands /twɑndz/ my
2nd singular vened /vɛnd/ your
3rd singular masc grear /ɡɹɪə/ his
3rd singular fem doub /daʊb/ her
3rd singular neut smai /smaɪ/ its
1st plural dear /dɪə/ our
2nd plural dralk /dɹælk/ your (pl)
3rd plural masc ror /ɹɔː/ their (masc)
3rd plural fem yeng /jɛŋ/ their (fem)
3rd plural neut spy /spiː/ their (neut)
 

Verbs

Future Suffix -oʊl jastol /ˈʤɑstoʊl/ will learn
  Sazmamsian uses a standalone particle word for past tense:
Past Particle before the verb: dɹæt - dratt jased /dɹæt ʤɑst/ learned
 

Progressive aspect

  The ‘progressive’ aspect refers to actions that are happening at the time of speaking, such as I am learning.   Sazmamsian uses an affix for progressive:
Progressive Suffix -aɪ jastai /ˈʤɑstaɪ/ is learninɡ
 

Habitual aspect

  The ‘habitual’ aspect refers to actions that happen habitually, such as I learn (something new every day), as opposed to actions that happen once (I learned something).   Sazmamsian uses an affix for habitual:
Habitual Suffix -ɔɪ jastoi /ˈʤɑstɔɪ/ learns
 

Numbers

  Sazmamsian has a base-10 number system:   1 - wou 2 - trats 3 - plashed 4 - luce 5 - pids 6 - sask 7 - ja 8 - twa 9 - sarn 10 - moi 11 - moi proints wou “ten and one” 100 - wou lunge “one hundred” 101 - wou lunge wou “one hundred one” 200 - trats lunge 1000 - wou sungs “one thousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = If ends with vowel: Suffix -kt Else: Suffix -ɑkt Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ʃt Else: Suffix -aʊʃt Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -oʊ Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -iːd Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ɹmd Else: Suffix -ɪɹmd Noun to verb = Suffix -ɔː Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nts Else: Suffix -ɪnts Tending to = Suffix -eɪ Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -ɔɪ Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -iː One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -mp Else: Suffix -ɪmp Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -nts Else: Suffix -ɛnts Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -ɹz Else: Suffix -oʊɹz Augmentative = Suffix -ɜː

Dictionary

4478 Words.

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