BackgroundNations in the West had been arguing for a true Earth government for some time. Serious talks began in the 2050's, with politicians and citizens slowly warming up to the idea. If humanity wanted to move beyond a few rocks in the near vicinity, it had better work together. America was the first to embrace the idea of a United Earth Coalition and started holding meetings with world leaders in 2056. The United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, France, Canada, and Australia quickly joined after the first meeting. Most of the Americas reluctantly joined the organization by 2058 along with Sweden, Finland, Norway, Switzerland, Spain, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Japan. The rest of the world stayed staunchly independent, often citing nationalism as the reason for staying out. It was clear by 2062 that no other nations were willing to join the UEC. Military buildup by the nations of the soon-to-be organization caused tension for non-UEC countries, sparking the formation of the Independent Governments of Earth, a collection of countries wishing to stay independent from foreign governments. The United Earth Coalition was officially formed on Christmas of 2062 and diplomatic escalations between the many nations of Earth sparked a small attack on Mars on January 7, 2063. Many historians argue about the causes of the war. Pro-UEC historians claim that the nations of the IGE were an obstacle in the way of human progress and that they had no reason or right to impede on humanity's efforts to progress. Pro-IGE historians claim that the UEC had no reason for its aggression against the IGE, and the IGE nations had a right to stay independent.
Colonial TheatreEarly colonization had already begun within the Solar System when fighting broke out with many IGE members having lucrative trade lines between these colonies. Advances in rocketry, biotech, and funding all led to minor settlements on every solid planet within the system. Supply lines to and from these colonies were soon controlled by the UEC. The less self-sufficient colonies soon surrendered, with UEC forces occupying the regions. Stubborn IGE colonies lasted for a while before their local forces were overrun by the UEC's more trained and focused military. The Russian settlements on Mars met the UEC forces with the most resistance. The Mars Campaign lasted from January 7, 2063 to September 2, 2068. The Russian colony tied up a significant amount of UEC ships and manpower during the conflict, draining a surprising amount of resources from their attackers. Mars produced its own food and held many mines and high-tech laboratories, allowing the settlers to fashion their own meals and materials without outside support. The bloody guerrilla combat in the defense of Mars is a major source of ethnic pride for Russians to this day. Mercury was another colony to defend against the UEC. It had been an agreed upon penal colony between the many nations of Earth and held solar plants sending energy back home. Millions of the worst prisoners from Earth and her colonies inhabited Mercury. In a sense, they preferred life there because of its rough and independent nature. During the war, prisoners began formulating plans on kicking the UEC off of the planet and becoming the sole rulers of Mercury. The Mercury Riots started with an ambush on UEC personnel and lasted from February 20 to December 10 of 2065 when the prisoners ran out of resources.
2063-2070 Phase of the War on EarthThe UEC opened up with a large offensive on Russia and the rest of Europe. The attackers saw rapid success for the first few months, but the war slowed to a crawl after the First Battle of Ankara and the First Battle over the East. The two bloody stalemates were a huge drain on both sides and the UEC lost their initial momentum. The frontline shifted around the Ural mountains, Anatolia, and much of Africa from 2064 to 2068. In 2068, the Mars Campaign concluded and many of the UEC's ships and soldiers came back with new experience from fighting the Russians. The Second Battle of Ankara and the Second Battle over the East were essentially a continuation offensive with these new resources. The frontline began to move again, reaching all the way to China and India by 2070.
The Eastern Theatre and Final YearsUEC forces stopped their advance at China and India in preparation. They were planning to blitz the two countries and end the war within months, yearning for a quick end to such a long war. The Eastern Campaign began on March 20, 2071 and had UEC forces reach past the Himalayas and parts of Northern and Western India. Further attempts to advance were met with overwhelming resistance and harsh casualties on both sides. Millions of soldiers and civilians alike were killed from the beginning of the campaign to the beginning of The Scorching.
The Scorching and Peace TalksChina and India were the most powerful members of the IGE. They both had massive populations and industries, China alone would have been nearly impossible to take. Indeed, attempts to occupy the large nation were futile and met with extremely limited and costly success. In 2075, the two roadblocks to UEC conquest led to The Scorching, an early and more primitive form of glassing used at the time. Many Chinese and Indian citizens have not forgiven the incident even over a hundred years later. After over half a billion people died from The Scorching alone, the remnants of the IGE agreed to finally end the war on May 2, 2076. Citizens of both sides were tired and disgusted by the war. Some very old sects of the IGE remain hostile to the UEC, hopping between the Outer Colonies and disrupting business. The UEC suppresses news about the rebels and barely acknowledges their existence, calling them "Disgruntled terrorists."
LegacyThe Solar Wars remain a scar on human history. Aliens that study the conflict have a hard time understanding why it even started, giving humans an aggressive and war-like stereotype. Not even the martial Hawkians have had internal conflicts on such a scale. Many ethnicities associated with the IGE still hold some sort of grudge against the UEC but have ultimately calmed over the last hundred years. The conflict has been a hot topic of discussion and study since its end. Old wounds open up and spark fights between individuals to this day. All schools within human space have the Solar Wars as a large chunk of their curriculum.
- Conflict Result
- UEC victory, humankind united under one banner
- 5,000 ships of various classes
- 23,000,000 service members
- 4,400 ships of various classes
- 43,200,000 service members
- 1,598 ships destroyed
- 8,534,555 service members
- 222,052,944 civilians
- 3,488 ships destroyed
- 26,042,112 service members
- 900,829,255 civilians
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