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Naric

Naric is a language descended from Old Kharadim that is currently spoken in Aerisca Borealis by the Nar people.

Phonology

Consonant inventory: /b d f g h j k l m n q r s sˤ t tˤ w z ħ ʃ ʔ ʕ/
Vowel inventory: /a aː eː i iː oː u uː/
Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Ultimate — stress is on the last syllable
Word initial consonants: b, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, q, r, s, sˤ, t, tˤ, w, z, ħ, ʃ, ʔ, ʕ
Mid-word consonants: b, bb, d, dd, f, g, gr, h, j, jj, k, kr, l, ll, lʔ, m, mm, n, nd, nt, ntˤ, q, qq, r, rb, rr, s, sˤ, t, tl, tˤ, tˤtˤ, w, ww, ħ, ʃ, ʔ, ʕ, ʕl, ʕt, ʕtˤ
Orthography:
PronunciationSpelling
ʔ
ħ
jy
ʕʻ
ʃ
ş
ţ
a:
e:
i:
o:
u:

Morphology

Inflectional morphology

Nouns

 

Masculine

 
SingularDualPlural
AbsoluteNo affix ’adim /ʔaˈdim/ man Suffix -eːm ’adimēm /ʔadiˈmeːm/ (those two) men Suffix -iːm ’adimīm /ʔadiˈmiːm/ men
ConstructNo affix ’adim /ʔaˈdim/ (someone's/something's) man Suffix -eː ’adimē /ʔadiˈmeː/ (someone's/something's two) men Suffix -eː ’adimē /ʔadiˈmeː/ (someone's/something's) men

Feminine

 
SingularDualPlural
AbsoluteSuffix -at ’antat /ʔanˈtat/ woman Suffix -teːm ’anttēm /ʔantˈteːm/ (those two) women Suffix -uːt ’antūt /ʔanˈtuːt/ women
ConstructSuffix -ot ’antot /ʔanˈtot/ (someone's/something's) woman Suffix -teːn ’anttēn /ʔantˈteːn/ (someone's/something's two) women Suffix -uːt ’antūt /ʔanˈtuːt/ (someone's/something's) women
    Articles
DefiniteIndefinite
Prefix a- akalb /aˈkalb/ The dog Suffix -n kalbn /kalbn/ A dog
   

Pronouns

  Personal
1st2nd masculine2nd feminine3rd masculine3rd feminine
Singular’anāku /ʔanaːˈku/ I/me ’anta /ʔanˈta/ You ’antī /ʔanˈtiː/ You s̆ū /ʃuː/ He/him s̆ī /ʃiː/ She/her
Dualniaḥnā /niaħˈnaː/ We two ’antumā /ʔantuˈmaː/ You two ’antumā /ʔantuˈmaː/ You two s̆umā /ʃuˈmaː/ These/those two s̆uma /ʃuˈma/ These/those two
Pluralniaḥnū /niaħˈnuː/ We/us ’antumū /ʔantuˈmuː/ You ’antimā /ʔantiˈmaː/ You s̆umū /ʃuˈmuː/ They/them s̆inā /ʃiˈnaː/ They/them
    Enclitic Personal
1st2nd masculine2nd feminine3rd masculine3rd feminine
SingularSuffix -iː kalbī /kalˈbiː/ My dog Suffix -ka kalbka /kalbˈka/ Your dog Suffix -kiː kalbkī /kalbˈkiː/ Your dog Suffix -eːyuː kalbēyū /kalˌbeːyˈuː/ His dog Suffix -eːya kalbēya /kalˌbeːyˈa/ Her dog
DualSuffix -an kalban /kalˈban/ Suffix -kima kalbkima /kalbkiˈma/ Suffix -iːm kalbīm /kalˈbiːm/ Suffix -huːn kalbhūn /kalbˈhuːn/ Suffix -hiːn kalbhīn /kalbˈhiːn/
PluralSuffix -oːn kalbōn /kalˈboːn/ Our dog Suffix -kiːm kalbkīm /kalbˈkiːm/ Your dog Suffix -kan kalbkan /kalbˈkan/ Your dog Suffix -noːm kalbnōm /kalbˈnoːm/ Their dog Suffix -neːm kalbnēm /kalbˈneːm/ Their dog

Verbs

 

Singular

 
PerfectImperfect
1stSuffix -iː qatalī /qataˈliː/ I have killed Prefix ʔi- ’iqatal /ʔiqaˈtal/ I am killing
2nd masculineSuffix -aːl qatalāl /qataˈlaːl/ You (m.) have killed Prefix ti- tiqatal /tiqaˈtal/ You (m.) are killing
2nd feminineSuffix -iːl qatalīl /qataˈliːl/ You (f.) have killed Prefix ti-, Suffix -iː tiqatalī /tiˌqataˈliː/ You (f.) are killing
3rd masculineSuffix -oːl qatalōl /qataˈloːl/ He has killed Prefix yi- yiqatal /yˌiqaˈtal/ He is killing
3rd feminineSuffix -ʔoːl qatal’ōl /qatalˈʔoːl/ She has killed Prefix ti- tiqatal /tiqaˈtal/ She is killing

Dual

 
PerfectImperfect
1stNo affix qatal /qaˈtal/ No affix qatal /qaˈtal/
2nd masculineSuffix -umuː qatalumū /qaˌtaluˈmuː/ You two (m.) have killed Prefix ti-, Suffix -aːni tiqatalāni /tiqaˌtalaːˈni/ You two (m.) are killing
2nd feminineSuffix -umaː qatalumā /qaˌtaluˈmaː/ You two (f.) have killed Prefix ti- tiqatal /tiqaˈtal/ You two (f.) are killing
3rd masculineSuffix -aː qatalā /qataˈlaː/ These two (m.) have killed Prefix yi-, Suffix -aːni yiqatalāni /yˌiqaˌtalaːˈni/ Those two (m.) are killing
3rd feminineSuffix -ataː qatalatā /qaˌtalaˈtaː/ Those two (f.) have killed Prefix ti-, Suffix -uːni tiqatalūni /tiqaˌtaluːˈni/ Those two (f.) are killing

Plural

 
PerfectImperfect
1stSuffix -nuːl qatalnūl /qatalˈnuːl/ We have killed Prefix ni- niqatal /niqaˈtal/ We are killing
2nd masculineSuffix -um qatalum /qataˈlum/ You all (m.) have killed No affix qatal /qaˈtal/ You all (m.) are killing
2nd feminineSuffix -un qatalun /qataˈlun/ You all (f.) have killed Prefix ti-, Suffix -na tiqatalna /tiˌqatalˈna/ You all (f.) are killing
3rd masculineSuffix -ʔuːl qatal’ūl /qatalˈʔuːl/ They (m.) have killed Prefix yi-, Suffix -uːl yiqatalūl /yiˌqataˈluːl/ They (m.) are killing
3rd feminineSuffix -nal qatalnal /qatalˈnal/ They (f.) have killed Prefix yi-, Suffix -aːl yiqatalāl /yiˌqataˈlaːl/ They (m.) are killing
    Negation   Naric uses a standalone particle word for negation:
NegationParticle before the verb: bal - bal qatal /bal qaˈtal/ didn't kill
 

Derivational morphology

Adjective → adverb = Suffix -an
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix ʕeː-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = If starts with vowel: Prefix j- Else: Prefix jeː-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix ku-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Suffix -ijjah
Noun to verb = If starts with vowel: Prefix ʃ- Else: Prefix ʃiː-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Prefix fi-
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -l Else: Suffix -aːl
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Change final V to -iːl
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = If starts with vowel: Prefix b- Else: Prefix bi-
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -lah Else: Suffix -aːlah
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = If starts with vowel: Prefix m- Else: Prefix ma-
Diminutive = Change first V to u, Suffix -aj
Augmentative = Prefix aː-

Syntax

Main word order: Verb Subject Object (Prepositional phrase). "Mary opened the door with a key" turns into Opened Mary the door with a key. Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned before the noun. Adposition: prepositions

Vocabulary

Numbers

  Naric has a base-10 number system:   1 - ’aḥad 2 - ṭinān 3 - s̆alāt 4 - ’arbaʻ 5 - ḥams̆ 6 - s̆idṭ 7 - s̆abʻ 8 - ṭamāniy 9 - tis̆ʻ 10 - ʻas̆r 11 - ’aḥad wa ʻas̆r “one and ten” 100 - sē “hundred” 101 - sē wa ’aḥad “hundred and one” 200 - ṭinān sē 1000 - sīk “thousand”

Phonetics

Consonants
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarPalato-alveolarPalatalVelarUvularPharyngealGlottal
Nasalmn
Stopbt tˤ dk gqʔ
Fricativefs sˤ zʃħ ʕh
Approximantj
Trillr
Lateral approximantl
Co-articulated phonemes
↓Manner/Place→Labial-velar
Approximantw
Vowels
FrontBack
Highi iːu uː
High-mid
Lowa aː

Dictionary

7 Words.
Root Languages
Spoken by
Common Phrases
s̆olūmat 'alīqon
Peace be upon you!
ū s̆īmka
What is your name (masc.)?
ū s̆īmki
What is your name (fem.)?
s̆īmki Elissa
My name is Elissa.
ū s̆olūmka
How are you (masc.)?
ū s̆olūmki
How are you (fem.)?
yās̆ l’anāku s̆olūmot
I am well (lit. 'I have peace')

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