Miorangian

Miorangianlisten is the primary language spoken in the Tanzit Suzerainty. It is a goblin language.  

Natively known as: Mioraong /mjoə˞aʊ̯ŋ/listen

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
poxin tuocang nün genr you shai poxin lüan you ne xioubo qiangr enhulisten
Pronunciation: /ˈpʰoɕin ˈtʰwoʦʰɑŋ nyn ˈkənə˞ jou̯ ʂai̯ ˈpʰoɕin lɥɛn jou̯ nɤ ˈɕjou̯po ˈʨʰjɑŋə˞ ˈənxu/
Miorangian word order: and stood he holding hat his and turned his face wet to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: f j k kʰ l m n p pʰ s t tʰ w x ŋ ɕ ɥ ɻ ʈʂ ʈʂʰ ʦ ʦʰ ʨ ʨʰ  
↓Manner/
Place→
BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarRetroflex
Nasalmn
Stopp pʰt tʰʈ
Affricateʦ ʦʰʈʂ ʈʂʰ
Fricativefs
Approximantɻ
Lateral approximantl
↓Manner/
Place→
Alveolo-palatalPalatalVelar
Nasalŋ
Stopk kʰ
Affricativeʨ ʨʰ
Fricativeɕx
Approximatej
  Co-articulated phonemes  
↓Manner/Place→Labial-palatalLabial-velar
Approximantɥw
  Vowel inventory: a ai̯ e ei̯ i o ou̯ u y ɑ ɑu̯ ə ə˞ ɛ ɤ ɨ ʊ   Diphthongs: ai̯ ei̯ ou̯ ɑu̯  
FrontCentralBack
Highi yɨu
Near-highʊ
High-mideɤ o
Midə ə˞
Low-midɛ
Lowaɑ
    Syllable structure: Custom defined
Stress pattern: Initial — stress is on the first syllable   Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
ynyun / #_
yyu / #_
yü / !#_
iyi / #_
ɨi
ɑu̯ao
jy / #_
jy / V_
ji
weu / !#_
u / !#_
ɥyu / #_
ɥü
wu / !#_
uuu
eê / #_
ɤe
ə˞er / #_
ə˞r
əe
ɛa
ɑa
ʊo
jy / #_
ɻr
ʦʰc
ʦz
pb / !_ʰ
p
ʈʂʰch
ʈʂzh
tʂʰch
zh
td / !_ʰ
t
ʂsh
xh
kg / !_ʰ
k
ʨʰq
ʨj
ɕx
ŋng
V'@ / %_
̯
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Verb Subject Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Opened Mary the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: prepositions  

Nouns

  Nouns have seven cases:
  • Ergative is the doer of a verb, when the verb is done to something: dog bites man.
  • Absolutive is used in two scenarios: the doer of a verb when not done to something (dog bites), and the done-to of a verb (man bites dog).
  • Genitive is the possessor of something: dog’s tail hits man.
  • Dative is the recipient of something: man gives ball to dog.
  • Locative is the location of something: man goes to town.
  • Ablative is movement away from something: man walks from town.
  • Instrumental is the use of something: man writes with (using) pen.

Masculine

 
SingularPlural
ErgativeSuffix -ɨ
shouyi /ˈʂou̯ɨ/
man (doing the verb to something)
Suffix -wo
shouwo /ˈʂou̯wo/
men (doing the verb to something)
AbsolutiveSuffix -əŋ
shoueng /ˈʂou̯əŋ/
man (doing the verb, but not to something)
Suffix -wei̯
shouwei /ˈʂou̯wei̯/
men (doing the verb, but not to something)
GenitiveSuffix -jou̯
shouyou /ˈʂou̯jou̯/
manʼs
Suffix -wai̯
shouwai /ˈʂou̯wai̯/
menʼs
DativeSuffix -i
shouyi /ˈʂou̯i/
to (the/a) man
Suffix -in
shouyin /ˈʂou̯in/
to (the/some) men
LocativeSuffix -ja
shouya /ˈʂou̯ja/
near/at/by (the/a) man
Suffix -ou̯
shouou /ˈʂou̯ou̯/
near/at/by (the/some) men
AblativeSuffix -jɑŋ
shouyang /ˈʂou̯jɑŋ/
from (the/a) man
Suffix -a
shoua /ˈʂou̯a/
from (the/some) men
InstrumentalSuffix -y
shouyu /ˈʂou̯y/
with/using (the/a) man
Suffix -an
shouan /ˈʂou̯an/
with/using (the/some) men

Feminine

 
SingularPlural
ErgativeSuffix -je
jüanchaye /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaje/
woman (doing the verb to something)
Suffix -u
jüanchawu /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰau/
women (doing the verb to something)
AbsolutiveSuffix -jɛn
jüanchayan /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰajɛn/
woman (doing the verb, but not to something)
Suffix -ɥɛn
jüanchayuan /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaɥɛn/
women (doing the verb, but not to something)
GenitiveSuffix -wəŋ
jüanchaweng /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰawəŋ/
womanʼs
Suffix -a
jüanchaa /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaa/
womenʼs
DativeSuffix -ən
jüanchayen /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaən/
to (the/a) woman
Suffix -iŋ
jüanchaying /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaiŋ/
to (the/some) women
LocativeSuffix -wɑŋ
jüanchawang /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰawɑŋ/
near/at/by (the/a) woman
Suffix -wa
jüanchawa /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰawa/
near/at/by (the/some) women
AblativeSuffix -ʊŋ
jüanchaong /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaʊŋ/
from (the/a) woman
Suffix -jɑŋ
jüanchayang /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰajɑŋ/
from (the/some) women
InstrumentalSuffix -jʊŋ
jüanchayong /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰajʊŋ/
with/using (the/a) woman
Suffix -ei̯
jüanchaei /ˈʨɥɛnʈʂʰaei̯/
with/using (the/some) women

Neuter

 
SingularPlural
ErgativeSuffix -ɤ
tukue /ˈtʰukʰuɤ/
dog (doing the verb to something)
Suffix -an
tukuyan /ˈtʰukʰuan/
dogs (doing the verb to something)
AbsolutiveSuffix -ɑu̯
tukuao /ˈtʰukʰuɑu̯/
dog (doing the verb, but not to something)
Suffix -wən
tukwen /ˈtʰukʰuwən/
dogs (doing the verb, but not to something)
GenitiveSuffix -yn
tukuyun /ˈtʰukʰuyn/
dogʼs
Suffix -ɥe
tukuyue /ˈtʰukʰuɥe/
dogsʼ
DativeSuffix -jɑu̯
tukuyao /ˈtʰukʰujɑu̯/
to (the/a) dog
Suffix -wan
tukuwan /ˈtʰukʰuwan/
to (the/some) dogs
LocativeSuffix -ai̯
tukuai /ˈtʰukʰuai̯/
near/at/by (the/a) dog
Suffix -jɛn
tukuyan /ˈtʰukʰujɛn/
near/at/by (the/some) dogs
AblativeSuffix -ei̯
tukuei /ˈtʰukʰuei̯/
from (the/a) dog
Suffix -ai̯
tukuai /ˈtʰukʰuai̯/
from (the/some) dogs
InstrumentalSuffix -ɑŋ
tukuang /ˈtʰukʰuɑŋ/
with/using (the/a) dog
Suffix -y
tukuyu /ˈtʰukʰuy/
with/using (the/some) dogs
 

Articles

Definitejai /ʨai̯/
the
Indefinitea /a/
a, some
  Uses of definite article that differ from English:
  • Used for personal names in third person: ‘The Maria has left for school’
  Uses of indefinite article that differ from English:
  • Not used for non-specific countable nouns: non-specific means ‘I am looking for a (any) girl in a red dress’, whereas specific means ‘I am looking for a (particular) girl in a red dress’
  • Not used for non-specific mass (uncountable) nouns: non-specific means ‘Would you like some (any) tea?’ whereas specific means ‘Some tea (a specific amount) fell off the truck’
 

Pronouns

ErgAbsGenDatLocAblInst
1st singya /ja/
I
cuang /ʦʰwɑŋ/
me, I
chun /tʂʰwən/
mine
ao /ɑu̯/
to me
ai /ai̯/
at me
mou /mou̯/
from me
zei /ʦei̯/
with/using me
2nd singku /kʰu/
you
xuo /ɕwo/
you
suai /swai̯/
yours
gian /kjɛn/
to you
jua /ʨwa/
at you
zia /ʦja/
from you
diang /tjɑŋ/
with/using you
3rd sing mascnün /nyn/
he
a /a/
him, he
sao /sɑu̯/
his
lan /lan/
to him
fang /fɑŋ/
at him
ciang /ʦʰjɑŋ/
from him
fu /fu/
with/using him
3rd sing femyun /yn/
she
jeng /ʨəŋ/
her, she
yuan /ɥɛn/
hers
i /ɨ/
to her
/ky/
at her
zi /zɨ/
from her
nuai /nwai̯/
with/using her
3rd sing neutêi /ei̯/
it
wen /wən/
it
zhen /tʂən/
its
chi /tʂʰɨ/
to it
qui /ʨʰwei̯/
at it
gen /kən/
from it
chüe /tʂʰɥe/
with/using it
1st pluralyue /ɥe/
we
wo /wo/
us, we
yong /jʊŋ/
ours
dan /tan/
to us
dai /tai̯/
at us
mung /mwəŋ/
from us
xa /ɕa/
with/using us
2nd pluralwang /wɑŋ/
you all
e /ɤ/
you all
xuang /ɕwɑŋ/
yours (pl)
guan /kwan/
to you all
kuo /kʰwo/
at you all
pung /pʰwəŋ/
from you all
mi /mɨ/
with/using you all
3rd plural masczhua /tʂwa/
they (masc)
yu /y/
them (masc), they (masc)
yao /jɑu̯/
theirs (masc)
eng /əŋ/
to them (masc)
wan /wan/
at them (masc)
yuo /jwo/
from them (masc)
an /an/
with/using them (masc)
3rd plural femduang /twɑŋ/
they (fem)
ong /ʊŋ/
them (fem), they (fem)
you /jou̯/
theirs (fem)
wa /wa/
to them (fem)
ang /ɑŋ/
at them (fem)
zao /ʦɑu̯/
from them (fem)
piao /pʰjɑu̯/
with/using them (fem)
3rd plural neutzheng /tʂəŋ/
they (neut)
yan /jɛn/
them (neut), they (neut)
yi /i/
theirs (neut)
hao /xɑu̯/
to them (neut)
jao /ʨɑu̯/
at them (neut)
gi /kɨ/
from them (neut)
muan /mwan/
with/using them (neut)
 

Possessive determiners

 
1st singularrun /ɻwən/
my
2nd singularyong /jʊŋ/
your
3rd singular mascyou /jou̯/
his
3rd singular femyyong /jjʊŋ/
her
3rd singular neutni /nɨ/
its
1st pluralsia /sja/
our
2nd pluralen /ən/
your (pl)
3rd plural mascou /ou̯/
their (masc)
3rd plural femêi /ei̯/
their (fem)
3rd plural neutong /ʊŋ/
their (neut)
 

Verbs

Miorangian uses an affix for past tense:
PastPrefix wən-
wenrujiou /ˈwənɻuʨjou̯/
learned
  Miorangian uses a standalone particle word for future tense:
FutureParticle before the verb: jwanwɑŋ -
yuanwang rujiou /ˈjwanwɑŋ ˈɻuʨjou̯/
will learn
 

Imperfective aspect

The ‘imperfective’ aspect refers to ongoing actions, such as I am learning and habitual actions, such as I learn (something new every day).   Miorangian uses an affix for imperfective:  
ImperfectivePrefix y-
yurujiou /ˈyɻuʨjou̯/
learns/is learning
 

Perfect aspect

The perfect aspect in English is exemplified in ‘I have read this book’, which expresses an event that took place before the time spoken but which has an effect on or is in some way still relevant to the present.   Miorangian uses the word for ‘already’ sher for the perfect aspect.  

Numbers

Miorangian has a base-20 number system:   1 - cenli
2 - xüanpie
3 - lubin
4 - shunie
5 - zuoxü
6 - pienüe
7 - kunzhuo
8 - xinü
9 - xiejüan
10 - tai
11 - daimiao
12 - seizhou
13 - gaihui
14 - zhaotong
15 - pocao
16 - lanpa
17 - nepeng
18 - yunchaor
19 - diouku
20 - xünnuo
21 - xünnuo poxin cenli “twenty and one”
400 - ca “fourhundred”
401 - ca cenli “fourhundred one”
800 - xüanpie ca “two fourhundred”
8000 - xiong “eightthousand”  

Derivational morphology

Adjective → adverb = Prefix ou̯-
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = Prefix jʊŋ-
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Prefix ɑu̯-
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Prefix ən-
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = Prefix a-
Noun to verb = Prefix in-
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = Suffix -ən
Tending to = Suffix -a
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = Suffix -ɨ
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -ja
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Suffix -wo
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Prefix ɨ-
Diminutive = Prefix jɑŋ-
Augmentative = Prefix an-

Dictionary

4957 Words.


Cover image: by Denis Khusainov

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