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Breidhemal Language (/bɾeɪ̯dhɛmal/)

The Breidhemal language is commonly spoken among those found within the Kingdom of Breidhem and her cities of Sev, Sheimsenen and Sheimbran.   Emerging within a few hundred years after the fall of the 'Old Kingdom' in the aftermath of the Shattering. The genesis of the tongue began to the north of modern Breidhem, in the heartlands of the old realm. Sharing many similarities in common with the Likhava language family, many similar words can be found amongst the traders of Zheiken Nariza-Sermis or in the markets of Novārkan Berkhumen.   As a relatively small kingdom with a strong identity, accentual differences exist to some extent, but for the most part the lexicon is widely uniform within the Kingdom of Breidhem.   Like Likhava, the ancestor tongue of Breidhemal, it does not feature noun gender. Unlike Likhava however, Breidhemal has evolved a set of 6 noun cases; Nominative, Oblique, Locative, Genitive, Instrumental and Causative.

Phonology

Briedhemal has 22 consonantal sounds:
Labial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Labiovelar Glottal
Nasal m m
Plosive Voiceless p t k
Voiced b d g (gʷ)
Fricative Voiceless f θ s ʃ gh h
Voiced z
Approximant ʋ l j
Rhotic ɾ
With a further 7 vowel sounds:
Front Mid Back
Close i u
Mid ɛ, e o
Open a, a:
As well as 4 Diphthongs:
Diphthong Spelling
ɔɪ oi
ai
uɪ̯ oe
eɪ̯ ei

Morphology

Derivational Morphology

There are a few common ways in which words can mutate, to reflect a new use in a sentence. For example:
  • Noun Adjective
  • Attaching the '-al' suffix to a noun stem results in the creation of an adjective. In some noun root endings, this can be irregular. For example: Sekwi (home) + al → Sekwijul (homely)
  • Noun Adverb
  • Attaching the '-kap' suffix results in an adverbial creation. For example: Jesal (book) + kab → Jesalkab (bookishly/shyly)
  • Verb → Noun
  • Attaching the '-tho' suffix results in a verb. For example: Hwesa (to sleep) + tho → Hwetho (sleep)
Additionally, nouns are regularly pluralised with the use of paucal (-egh) and plural (end) suffixes. For instance, Kapeir (star) + end → Kapeirend (stars).

Pronouns

  Breidhemal pronouns, like all in the Likhava language family, inflect for clusivity. Additionally, it features a singular number but also a paucal and a plural.
Singular Pronouns
1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
Nominative Ne Lev Misan
I You He/She
Oblique Nikin Misanin Misanin
Me, Myself You, Yourself Him/Her, Himself/Herself
Genitive Niren Levren Misanren
My, Mine Your, Yours His/hers
Paucal Pronouns
1st Person Nonclusive 1st Person Clusive 2nd Person
Nominative - - Levs
- - Youse
Oblique Nighnus Nighnas Levins
Us, Ourselves (excl. you) Us, Ourselves (incl. you) You, Yourselves
Genitive Ninis Nines Levrens
Our, Ours (excl. you) Our, Ours (incl. you) Your, Yours
Plural Pronouns
1st Person Nonclusive 1st Person Clusive 2nd Person 3rd Person
Nominative Shivet Shivets Levet Misanet
We (excl. you) We (incl. you) Youse They
Oblique Shighnus Shighnas Levint Misanint
Us, Ourselves (excl. you) Us, Ourselves (incl. you) You, Yourselves Them
Genitive Shiris Shires Levrent Misanrent
Our, Ours (excl. you) Our, Ours (incl. you) Your, Yours Theirs

Noun Declensions

As mentioned previously, Breidhemal nouns decline based upon their usage in a sentence, such as with the noun Bevu ("earth/land"). For example:
Usage Singular Paucal Plural
Nominative Verb Subject - Bevuseg Bevegh
Oblique Verb Object Bevunus Bevunek Bevunek
Locative In/At/By etc. Bevuko Bevukaz Bevukez
Genitive Possession Of Bevuma Bevumagh Bevumagh
Instrumental A means/tool or companion used for an action Bevuki Bevukin Bevukiz
Causative The reason for an act occurring Bevudag Bevudai Bevudagh
Syntax As a member of the Likhava language family, Breidhemal is a strictly VSO (Verb-Subject-Object) language. With no gender, Breidhemal sentences are head initial with 'modifier' clauses succeeding the modified. For example: "Haarent kwaazdal" = "Stormy seas, lit. seas stormy"
 
Common Phrases  
  • "Seisha!" - Hello!
  • "Shijusa hwaden!" - Goodbye!
  • "Hwadsa!" - Bye!
Root Languages

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