Professions: Types of Placements
Even with a regulated capitalist society of the New World, some changes have been made on the types of placements that people have as a job. The Old World equivalents will be given for each type of employment placements.
- Elective Jobs - The Old World equivalent to this is any job that the person gets voted in as part of the role.
- Core Jobs - The Old World equivalent is any job that people in the Old World would do that is not tedious or undesirable.
- Extra Employment - The equivalent would be any Core Job that is tedious or undesirable. These jobs are assigned to them. As these roles still need to be done for a healthy society to occur.
- Dual - The Old World equivalent is a job that started out as something else like an apprenticeship. After the apprenticeship is over the apprentice is offered a job. With Dual Positions, it is based on experience in the role.
- Craft Job - The Old World equivalent is people who used to busk and those who sold items they made on Etsy.
Elective JobsElective Jobs are those in which the person is elected to do the position. These jobs are voluntary but it is others who vote for the candidates they want in that role. Examples of Elective Jobs are; Mayors and Wardens.
Core JobsCore jobs are ones that people generally do in their day to day lives. They are desirable or need a large amount of training. These placements do not include things that people would do in their day to day lives that are seen as undesirable, such as binmen, or tedious, such as buttonmakers. These would be considered to be Extra Employment positions. Citizens typically start or apply for their first Core Job at 19 years. With the funds from this type of role, people should expect to be able to afford rented accommodation or with others depending on the pay grade of the role.
The Application ProcessThe application of a core job, the process of application is similar to the process now that the potential worker finds a job poster and goes to have a conversation with one of the employees of the company. If they both like each other an interview may be offered. Examples of Core Jobs are; Beekeepers, Librarians and Architects.
Extra EmploymentExtra Employment placements are those they are assigned to do. These jobs tend to be in places in which the job is undesired or would be tedious to do. All jobs are part-time and the employees' welfare is key as without healthy happy workers you don’t have productive employees. Hours are shared among the positions the person has. This doesn’t just include this type of Employment. Also with the person's welfare, where they live in terms of Zone and Segment are taken into account so that their commute to the role is not too long. While most Extra Employment placements are part-time, this is not the case for the job of a Messenger among others. This is because it would take too much effort to relieve a messenger from their duties if they were not at their station. Messengers are required to work most of the day for commercial operations at the Warehouses, and for personal reasons. Extra Employment positions have levels, as the level goes up so does the complexity of the role as well as wages. Not all jobs are levelled as they don’t have greater complexity such as with the Messenger. Others do have levels, such as a Timesetter.
Days offIf a citizen has an Extra Employment position that is manufacturing-based, the employee will break up before Lunch Break on December 24. While others who have this type of placement will break upon December 23 as if it were a normal day. Manufacturing type of Extra Employments are important and it is regarded as a good idea to finish as much one can before Christmas. While both Core Jobs and non-manufacturing types of Extra employments will wish their employees to come in fresh for the new year. From December 27 to the 30th the manufacturing types of placements will be working. This has the added benefit that those employees will make more income while producing items that are required. Unfortunately, the employees do not get days off automatically until April, so if they want days off before this they will need to take them.
Extra Employment Examples
TimesetterWith the Timesetter they start at lower levels by changing the dates on clocks in public squares. At the highest, they are adjusting the time on the clock for the purposes of daylight savings. Messenger, their career progression doesn’t end as they have the potential of getting a Core Job when the Captain of the Messengers retires.
IllnessWhen a person with a lower level role becomes ill or is unable to come into work for a couple of days, a higher level person will take over the responsibilities until the lower-level person returns to work.
Getting More Extra EmploymentsAs a person gets older they are permitted to have more than one position of this type. The first opportunity they can have another position is at 19. As with Extra Employment placements, the person’s wellbeing is taken into account so that they don’t have an older person with a large number of roles, however, they must have at least one role of this type. The first time a citizen will get this type of position is when they are 16 and on their last day of Education. In which they have a half-day of education the other half is their first day on the role. When they are 19 or older they can have another role it will be assigned to them at the City Hall. If they look too tired or incapable of coping with additional roles, their right to another Extra Employment is restricted until they can prove they can cope with more assigned roles.
The Process Of Getting AssignedOn the last day of education, they are assigned their roles, by pulling a folded sheet of A4 paper from a bag with the details of their role. The student may declare what they were assigned. It is considered a bad role if not declared. They finish education officially at their lunch break. After lunch, they head to their new position for training.
What Can I Get With The Funds With This PlacementWith the funds from this role, it will top up the wages of those who have Core Jobs. Extra Employments are seen as a way to pay back into society.
ProbationA citizen would have their first Extra Employment assigned to them in July they have 8 months to prove they can do the job they have been assigned. In March if they have proved they can do the role they keep that role. If however, they can’t do the role they are assigned another role and the 8 months probation period restarts. The assignment process continues until the citizen has a job they can do. Examples of this type of Employment position are; Fertilizer Maker, Barber Assistant and Log Cutter.
DualDual Employment Positions are those in which a person starts as a lower level Extra Employment. As they become more experienced and skilled at their job they move to higher levels. Unlike Extra Employment positions where the person cannot progress any higher, in a dual position the person will be promoted from an Extra Employment position to a Core Job. If the person no longer has an Extra Employment position they are assigned another. With this type of employment, the level denotes whether the job is an Extra Employment or a Core Job. So a Level 4 Redsmith is Extra Employment but a Level 5 is a Core Job. How someone would get this type of role is not through choice but through luck, these start as Extra Employment positions it is the luck of the draw that someone would get a Dual Position. Dual Jobs start out like Extra Employments, in that they pull out the A4 paper assigning them to the job. Then progress through the levels, to get to a Core position level. Examples of this type of employment placements are; Bricklayer, Carpenter and Redsmith.
Craft JobA Craft Job is done in their spare time and holds the talent themselves. For the artisan variant, they would purchase raw materials to make items, such as a knitter buying woollen yarn to make scarves or hats etc. For the entertainment aspect, they would have the items or the instruments they need to perform their entertainments. For this type of craft job they perform mostly on Thursdays, when The Great Day of Celebration is celebrated. For the Artisan variant, they will make their products at home, then sell products using word of mouth. For the Entertainment variant, they will practice in the privacy of their home but their main performance is in Zone 1, near the arena and busk. Whether the role is the artisan type or the entertainment, highly depends on what age the person will start. While there is no starting age, parents will want their child to be older so as to not be as vulnerable if they are undertaking the entertainment variant. The artisan variant is more likely to be undertaken at home and with the parent’s guidance. Examples of this type of employment placement are; Knitter, Contact Juggler and Musician.
PaymentAll payments for all employment placements are paid on a daily basis into analogue bank accounts and it is up to the employee to spend or save the money earned. National insurance and pensions are deducted from a person's pay but this is done on a weekly or monthly basis, so it is also on the employee to ensure that they have enough funds in their bank accounts to pay for these expenditures. For those who have Core Jobs income tax will be deducted, unlike those who have Extra Employments the Income tax is deducted before being paid into the employee bank account. At 16, citizens tend to not open bank accounts until they have their Extra Employment and it is often after their first payment. In this case, the bank will keep the money in stasis until the employee opens a bank account. This is done this way as cheques would waste paper even with premade notebooks.
BenefitsBenefits from being employed depend on the type of job, as Extra Employment roles don't have Pension entitlements. If Extra Employment roles, Core Jobs and Dual Jobs require uniforms or personal protective gear, they will be provided by the workplace. Some benefits such as with the Redsmith can leave the workplace to install copper sculptures and fountains and the Beekeeping Industry are giving jars of honey as part of their pay.
Sick PayAll types of placements apart from Craft Jobs are entitled to sick pay that is proportional to their standard wages. The sick pay system is set up in a way that encourages the workers to do extra work when they come back so as to make up for their lost earning. For example, standard wages maybe 935 NS per hour but would be reduced to 125 NS during their time of absence as well as for a short period when they come back. The workers then have to make up for the shortfall in their wages by working extra hours for an agreed amount of time. This time is determined by doubling the amount of absence for missed days and hours but not for weeks. For example;
- Taking a day off will incur an extra day of not having full wages.
- Taking an hour off will incur an extra hour of not having full wages.
- However, taking a week off will not incur any extra time with not full wages.
ReferencesInspiration for this profession was taken from the City of Ember by Jeanne DuPrau. Chapter 1, Pages 4 - 16. Changes were to that reassignment was at City Hall as well as expanding the range of placements.
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