InhabitantsMars' biosphere is merely a few centuries old but already fairly well-established; imported over the late 2300s through the 2600s from Earth (being terragenids.) Over generations, the humans of Mars have adapted to their extraterrestrial environment, even as they have adapted the environment itself. Martian humans, colloquially termed "rustfeet," have slowly evolved to become lankier than their Earthbound ancestors thanks to the significantly lower gravity of the red planet. Their cardiovascular and muscular systems have become slightly weaker, making life in higher gravity environments more of a challenge for Martians than their Earthen counterparts. However, rigorous physical training can be undertaken to prepare a Martian's physiology for more intense gravitational conditions.
For much more information, visit the Wikipedia page on Mars.
The first human landing on Mars took place on October 3, 2016. Remaining on the surface of the rust world for four months, the astronauts of the Ares I mission studied the composition of the red planet, tested the performance of new technologies, and determined which crops grew best in the harsh Martian environment. Thanks to the success of the Ares I mission, the Ares program was continued to the end of the fifth mission in 2036. In 2029, the Ares IV mission deployed the core block of the International Mars Orbital Research Station, followed by the delivery and assembly of the habitation module by the Ares V mission in 2049. Additional modules were delivered by unmanned commercial spacecraft over the course of the early 2040s, and the IMORS received its first crew in 2045 as part of a regular research crew rotation that would last for decades.
After over half a century of no human activity on the Martian surface, Daedalus Base was established in Da Vinci Crater in the beginning of 2100. Daedalus was humanity’s first permanent residence on a planet other than Earth, and allowed humans to study the workings of the planet more reliably than from orbit or the occasional landing. Following this, the BIFROST to supplies to the surface, eventually resulting in the mottled greenery seen on Mars from the 2600s onward.
- Deimos (natural)
- Phobos (natural)
- 62.5% oxygen
- 36.2% nitrogen
- 0.2% carbon dioxide
- 0.1% other gases