Psou˩˥ - The language of the Coastal Chadi (psou˩˥)

Natively known as: psou˩˥ /psoʊ̯˩˥/

  ...and he stood holding his hat and turned his wet face to the wind...
oi˩˥st ou˦ fo˧skä˧ ie˦nspa˦ ie˦nf ie˩˥ ou˦ oi˩˥st o˩˥slâ˧fnou˦s ksâ˧n ksâ˦ ie˩˥ ou˦ a˩˥ â˩˥k
Pronunciation: /ɔɪ̯˩˥st oʊ̯˦ fo˧skɑ˧ aɪ̯˦nspa˦ aɪ̯˦nf aɪ̯˩˥ oʊ̯˦ ɔɪ̯˩˥st o˩˥slɜː˧fnoʊ̯˦s ksɜː˧n ksɜː˦ aɪ̯˩˥ oʊ̯˦ a˩˥ ɜː˩˥k/
Psou˩˥ian word order: and he stood holding hat his and turned his face wet to the wind  

Spelling & Phonology

  Consonant inventory: f k l n p s t v  
↓Manner/Place→BilabialLabiodentalAlveolarVelar
Nasaln
Stopptk
Fricativef vs
Lateral approximantl
  Vowel inventory: a aɪ̯ e i o oʊ̯ ø ɑ ɔɪ̯ ɛ ɜː ʊ   Diphthongs: aɪ̯ oʊ̯ ɔɪ̯   Tones: ˦ ˩˥ ˧  
FrontCentralBack
Highi
Near-highʊ
High-mide øo
Low-midɛɜː
Lowaɑ
  Syllable structure: (C)(C)(C)V(C)(C)(C)
Stress pattern: No stress   Spelling rules:  
PronunciationSpelling
aɪ̯ie
ɔɪ̯oi
ʊu
ɑ
ɛ
ɜː
VV
◌̯
 

Grammar

  Main word order: Subject Verb Object (Prepositional phrase). “Mary opened the door with a key” turns into Mary opened the door with a key.
Adjective order: Adjectives are positioned after the noun.
Adposition: prepositions  
PastIf starts with vowel: Prefix fl-
Else: Prefix flʊ˧-
flu˧ka˧k /flʊ˧ka˧k/ learned
PresentNo affix
ka˧k /ka˧k/ learn
FuturePrefix ɜː˦-
â˦ka˧k /ɜː˦ka˧k/ will learn
 
1st person /a˧/ I, me, mine, we, us, ours
2nd personä˧ /ɑ˧/ you, yours, you all, yours (pl)
3rd personou˦ /oʊ̯˦/ he, she, him, her, his, hers, it, its, they, them, theirs
 
Definitepä˩˥ /pɑ˩˥/ the
Indefinite /ʊ˧/ a/some
 
Definiteä˦lps /ɑ˦lps/ the
Indefinitevlou˧ /vloʊ̯˧/ a/some
 

Numbers

  Psou˩˥ian has a base-20 number system:   1 - ou˦
2 - ie˧
3 - e˩˥l
4 - ë˦
5 - i˧lts
6 - ie˦
7 - ø˩˥n
8 - ou˩˥sle˧
9 - lä˦
10 -
11 - a˦knou˦
12 - â˩˥pä˧f
13 - kä˩˥ls
14 - a˦nsfä˩˥k
15 - pi˧k
16 - ë˩˥lk
17 - lu˧stvie˧
18 - toi˩˥lps
19 - ë˩˥ki˧
20 - vâ˧t21 - vâ˧t oi˩˥st ou˦ “twenty and one”
400 - ou˦ u˧ns “one fourhundred”
401 - ou˦ u˧ns ou˦ “one fourhundred one”
800 - ie˧ u˧ns “two fourhundred”
8000 - ou˦ nte˩˥ “one eightthousand”  

Derivational morphology

  Adjective → adverb = Suffix -ɔɪ̯˩˥
Adjective → noun (the quality of being [adj]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -f
Else: Suffix -ʊ˦f
Adjective → verb (to make something [adj]) = Suffix -ɑ˩˥lps
Noun → adjective (having the quality of [noun]) = Suffix -a˩˥
Noun → adjective relating to noun (e.g. economy → economic) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -p
Else: Suffix -a˩˥p
Noun to verb = If ends with vowel: Suffix -sts
Else: Suffix -o˧sts
Verb → adjective (result of doing [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -n
Else: Suffix -aɪ̯˦n
Tending to = If ends with vowel: Suffix -f
Else: Suffix -ɔɪ̯˩˥f
Verb → noun (the act of [verb]) = If ends with vowel: Suffix -sts
Else: Suffix -o˦sts
Verb → noun that verb produces (e.g. know → knowledge) = Suffix -a˦nv
One who [verb]s (e.g. paint → painter) = Prefix ɜː˦-
Place of (e.g. wine → winery) = Suffix -i˩˥k
Diminutive = If ends with vowel: Suffix -s
Else: Suffix -ɜː˩˥s
Augmentative = If starts with vowel: Prefix f-
Else: Prefix fi˧-
All Images created BY Kahuna the Elder, with source materials from Pixabay, Pexels, Unsplash, Artbreeder and public domain sources.

Dictionary

4376 Words.

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